Qaybta Afaraad

Qaybta afaraad waxay ka hadleysaa guuriddii Ingiriiska, ka soo bixiddii Eyl, dagaalkii Habar Humbulle, degiddii Taleex iyo qalcadihii Daraawiishtu dhistay, Dooxato iyo sidii loo abuuray, Ingiriiska soo noqoshadiisii, Daraawiish iyo dad intiisa kale, degiddii Beledweyne, iyo dagaalladii ka dhacay, weerarkii Beledweyne, Koofil iyo Daraawiish, dagaalkii Ruuga Dulmadoobe iyo siduu u dhacay, xiriirkii dhex maray Ligyaasu iyo Daraawiish, dhisiddii Shimbibiris iyo sidii cadawgu u burburiyey, Gubiddii Berbera iyo sidii ioo maamulay, xiriirkii Daraawiishta iyo Dawladda Turkiya, qabiil iyo Daraawiish iyo wixii kala qabsaday.

KA SOO GUURIDDII AYL IYO ILIG

1909kii dabayaaqadiisii ayaa xaruntii Daraawiishta laga soo raray Ayl iyo Ilig oo waxa loo soo wareejiyey godanka Nugaaleed, waxaana laga dhigay dooxada Cada-dheero. Lixdii gu’ oo Daraawiishi Ayl iyo Ilig degganayd aad bey kor ugu kaceen xagga xoolaha iyo xagga ragga ama dabka iyo maamulka; taasna waxa ugu wacnaa xilliga oo u toosay, dalka oo wacnaa iyo nabad ay barwaaqo ku heleen. Laba gu’ oo xaruntu ahayd dooxada Cadadheero iyo Jednugul waa sii karaareen, waxa la weriyey maalintii xarunta Cadadheero laga raray oo ay Taleex kor ugu guurtey xoolihii kale iska daayoo geelii Nugaasha maraayey rag baa waxay isku qabteen waa leexa daruur noqotay iyo waa geel. Hadal iyo dhammaantii in kastoo dhowr goor xoolaha col dhanka bari ka soo duulay weeraray waxna aan la yeelin heer wanaagsan bey gaareen. Laba sano ka dib ayaa la soo raray oo waxa la keenay Dameer oo ceelka Taleex ka sarraysa, waxaana halkaas laga dhisay daar lagu magacaabay Daar Cad oo haddan weli dhisan.

Daraawiish waxa caado u ahaa in uu jiro gaar dibadeed oo xarunta iyo xoolaha dibedda ka ilaaliya, sidaa daraaddeed ayaa laba daarood laga dhisay ceelka la yiraahdo Buraan oo Taleex waqooyi bari kaga toosan hilaaddana u jira 90 mayl. Taasina waxay cabsi gelisey Garaad Maxamuud Cali Shire oo markaa ka hor Xarunta ka guuray iyo Boqortooyadii Cismaan Maxamuud. Labadaa Boqor oo Daraawiish cadow ku ahaa wadajir bay u tashadeen oo waxay yiraahdeen, “Mar haddii Daraawiishi ceelkii Buraan fariisatay oo dhuunta inoo soo galeen waxa xiga inay Boosaaso iyo xeebta qabsadaan. Taasuna waxay halis u tahay labadeenna boqortooyo. Waxay guddoon ku gaareen in labada geesood lagaga duulo si ceelkaas Daraawiish looga kiciyo.

HABAR HUMBULLE

Muddo dhawr bilood ah haddii si qarsoodi ah warar laysu weydaarsanayay sidii ciidammada laysugu dubaridi lahaa iyo amminta biya kama dhacaanka ah oo meeshaa la gelaayo, ugu dambaystii gees walba waxa ka soo ambabaxay col lixaad leh.

Sida la weriyey, guutada geesta bari ka soo duushey, waxa tiradeedu ahayd 6666, waxa lagu jaangooyey aayadaha Quraanka, ammaanduule waxa colkaas u ahaa 3 nin oo ilma boqor Cismaan ah, guutadaasi wexey ka soo ambabaxday Dharoor, waxaana soo ambabixiyey oo qiyaasta 30 mayl sagooti u soo raacay Boqorka iyo rag lataliyayaal ah.

Colka kale ee xagga Waqooyi ka soo baxayna waxa tiradiisa lagu sheegay 4500, waxaana ammaanduule u ahaa Garaad Maxamuud Cali Shire iyo Maxamuud Jaarig oo lataliyihiisa 1aad ahaa.

1911kii, bishii Luulyo dabayaaqadeedii ayaa col waliba meeshiisu ka soo ambabaxay iyadoo ceelka Buraan oo Daraawiishi haysato lagu ballamay, ilaalada iyo waranwaryaduna u kala dhex socoto, Waxay dadka qaarkiis yiraahdeen Ingiriiska iyo Talyaaniguba gacan bay ku lahaayeen, annaguse waxaannu hadalkaas ku rumeysanno ma helin. Colkaasi wuxuu soo gurguurtaba, muddadii la ballamay ayuu soo dul fadhiisteen labadii daarood ee Daraawiishi ka dhisatay ceelka oo markaas lixdan Darwiish joogto, madaxna uu u ahaa nin la oran jirey Maxamuud Fayte. Dhawr casho haddii la dul fadhiyey, loona geli waayey, ayaa dab hareeraha daartii lagaga shiday. Sidaa daraaddeed 45 darwiish baa halkaa ku dhintay, daarihiina waa la qabsaday.

Markii ceelkii Buraan la hantiyey ayaa waxa la qaybshey 40 nin oo uu wato Maxamuud Jaarig; waxaana la faray inay Warsangeli u tagaan oo xeradii xoolo galaanba, ari ha ahaato geelse ahaatee, neef hilib ah ka keenaan. 400 oo rati oo Maxamad Boqor watana waxa loo diray Boosaaso oo waxa la yiri colka raashin u keen.

Laba Darwiish ayaa dar Ilaahay ku fakaday oo xaruntii u war geeyey. Intaan laba tuke isdeyin ayaa qusuusidii Iaysu wacay si arrintaa looga tashado. Durba haddii xaaladdii la indha indheeyey waxa la soo qaaday 3 talo middood in lagu dhaqaaqo:

1. Dagaal waa lama huraane, colka Buraan qabsaday tallaabada xigta waa inuu xarunta ku soo duulaa ee ma ka hor tagnaa intaanu ina gelin oo ceelkii Buraan beynu ku dagaallannaa?

2. Ma xarunta iyo xoolaha dhexdoodaynu ku sugnaa oo nimay guuli raacdaba kula dagaallannaa?

3. Ma dhabarjab baynu ku dhifannaa oo arladay ka soo duuleen iyo rugtoodii beynu weerar gelinnaa, dabadeed waxaynu kala mutaysannaba?

Guddoonkii wuxuu ku go’ay, laguna duceeyey tan u dambaysa oo ah in rugtoodii iyo reerahoodii loo daba marteeyo. Taasi waa xirrib la yeel leh oo ku tusaysa dagaal aqoonta Soomaalida. Guuto 2 kun lagu qiyaasay oo lug iyo faras ah ayaa xaruntii Taleex ka duushey, guddoonna u yahay in ragga lugta ah la fan geliyo, laba caanamaal dhexdood degmada Raacin, Gebi iyo Cawsane fadhida la weeraro. Taasuna waa suura gashay.

Bisha Agost 10dii isla sannadkaas ayaa colkaasi weerar ku ballaariyey degmadii Warsangeli oo markaas Cal ka soo degtey, gu’ wanaagsanina u da’ay, raggiina ka maqan yahay oo belo aan barbarna ka fiicnayn ayaa dad iyo duunyo degelka loo qaaday. Maxamuud Jaarig oo ahaa lataliyaha Garaad Maxamuud Cali Shire lagana soo diray Buraan oo loo soo diray inuu xoolo hilib ah colka Buraan fadhiya u keeno oo ku jooga faraska la yiraahdo Jiire oo in yar weerarka ka hor cidda tegey ayaa ka baxsaday.
In kastoo Daraawiishi ku dedaashay inay ninkaas qabato, haddana waa la gaari waayey, maxaa yeelay faras dheereeya ayuu ku joogey. Maxamuud hadduu arkay in Daraawiishi xoolihii taabtay, dagaalna lagu hor joogsan karayn waxay la ahaatay inuu ciidankii gaashaanbuurta ahaa ce Buraan fadhiyey u war geeyo; markaasuu faraskii halkaa ka jeedladay oo Buraan afka saaray.

Duhur dabadii goor ay tahay ayuu Ceelkii Buraan colkii ugu tegey, markii la yiri warran, wuxuu yiri, “Wax iga soo horreeyey ma aragteen?” Waxa la yiri, “Maya.” Wuxuu yiri, “Wax iga dambeeyana arki maysaan oo degmadii aan u kacay iyo arladay degganaydba Daraawiish baa gashay oo dad iyo duunyaba wey baabi’isay. Sidaa daraaddeed ayaan wax nool oo iga dambeeya loo arkayn.” Waxgarad baa la soocay, talaa loo fadhiistay sida arrintaa laga yeelayo, hadalkiina waxa lagu ururshey laba hal inoo kala doora oo midkood inoogu guddoomiya:

1. In colkaa xoolaha wata laga hor tago oo caydha iyo maatada xoolaha loo dhiciyo, dabadeedna xarunta lagu dabreeyo.

2. In xaruntii Daraawiishta la beego oo xoolo waxa jooga la taabo, colkaa xoolaha watana lagu dabreeyo.

Taladii Garaad Maxamuud Cali Shiraa loo dhiibay oo waxa la yiri, “Maanta adaannu kaa dambaynaa ee tali.” Haddii taladii la baanjiyey, guddoon wuxuu ku go’ay in colkaa xoolaha soo dhacay oo xaruntii Daraawiishta ku wada laga hor tago xoolahana laga reebo, dabadeedna xaruntii lagu dabreeyo. Taasna waxa ugu wacnaa Garaad Maxamuud Cali Shire oo colka Gaashaanbuurta ah ka codsaday in maatada xoolaha loo dhiciyo dabadeedna xarunta lagu dabreeyo.

Duhurkii dambe ayaa halkaa laga raacdo galay, faras iyo lugba. Qayla dhaanta iyo waranwaryadu ha iska soo daba dhacdee, sidii loo socdey iyo habkii loo raacdo galay iyo qorshihii dagaalka ayaa xumaaday. Taasna waxa ugu wacnaa colka oo farihiisii la yaabay, tiro iyo tabarba.

11kii Agosto 1911 markii waagu dillaacay ayaa Daraawiish oo xoolihii habeenkii gebagebeysey Banka Turruje lagu weeraray, Daraawiishina jilibkay u dhigtay. In kastoo labada geesoodba la go’ay; geeriyina ayan meel dayan, Daraawiish baa goobtii ku adkaatay xoolihiina la tagtay. Dagaalkaasu wuxuu caan ku yahay oo loo yaqaan Habar Humbulle, Sayid Maxamed wuxuu ka mariyey gabay yaab leh. [Eeg Diiwaanka Gabayadii Sayid Maxamad, Gabayga 28 Bogga 84.]

Dagaalkii Habar Humbulle ka dib ayaa nin afmaal ah oo la oran jirey Odacadde Boqorkii Bari ugu tegey oo wuxuu ka warramay wixii meeshaa ka dhacay iyo waxa habboon, wuxuuna yiri:

Casha raarka u dheer leh, annaagoo rug ka joogna
Oo reerkii wadi weyney, cawsna uu rujmo beeshay
Raroo reerkana geeyaa, talo loogu rujuucay
Rad baa Eebbe na geeyey, Majeerteen kulan weeye
War taluu Garaad sheegay, rag raggii laga dooray,
Ruug maraawo Sange ah, iyo rafiiqaynnu dirray
Geel raggii Murka deeqay, yaa Garaad reerka ka soocay
Habeenkii ka dambeeyey rabka ceelka u dhow buu
Ku risteen farduhu, Goor waagu rakoobey
Oo Rabbigiis nin yaqaan, u rukuucay salaadda
Yaan Majeerteen ku rareeyey, rigtii baannu maqleyney
Oo halkaasaannu ka roorray. Daarahay rakibeen baa
Daraawiishi ku ruuftay. Annagoo iska roonoo
Meydkii rogrogeyna, raggu ceelka raqaayoo
Duullaan loo ra’yi keentay, wiil rooraayaa na salaamay
Reero raacin ku dhuuntiyo riyooley an ma sheegine
Wax ruuxle ma reebin yaa wiilkii ku raftay
Kuma raynin, warkaas. Raacdaannu galnay
Lugi hayska raqlaysee.
Faras raabaha qaad. Kobtay reerka marsheeniyo
Raadkii baan ku dhacnay. Raabbiyoo ololeysiyo
Raqdii baannu tagney, buntukhii rig lahaa
Intaannu riishadda gaarin baa, raggeennii iska rooray
Isagaaba isreebayoo, gadaalkii isku ruufshay
Soo rogoo diriroy rag lahaana la sheeg
Raqdii baan ku dambeeyeyoo ruuxii baan ka sidaa
Suldaanow Alla raaji, rabbigeen ninku maaha
Oo raalliyuu noqonmayno, raggii waa is ogeyne
Rag kaleeto mar dhaafi. Rash wixii dhulka yiiliyo
Rasaastaadaba qaado, waa la soo rajciyaaye
Raxanreebka wadaada rugtiisii mar tagnee
Sayidkoo la rido, Daraawiishoo la ruufsho
Reerkiiyoo la wado yaan run ka sheegi lahaaye
Waa rawraw hadalkaygu!

Inkastoo ereyada qaarkood aan la garan karin, waxa gabayga laga garan karaa guuldarradii meeshaa ka dhacday.

INGIRIIS GARSOOR MA OGGOLA

Inkastoo Ingiriisku dhulka baadiyaha ah ka guuray oo uu xeebaha isugu gurtay, haddana Siyaasaddiisa foosha xumi meel walba waa ku baahsanayd. Daraawiishtana dibindaabyo iyo tahluukooyin badan buu u geystey.

Dagaalkii Habarhunbule markuu dhacay ka dib, Daraawiishi waxay u muuqatay si kale, xoog iyo tabo aan laga filayna waa la soo baxeen, hase ahaatee, laba geesood ayaa waxa kala colloobey dad xoog leh oo ey kala dhiig galeen. Daraawiish qudhoodu waxay qabeen in dagaalka loogu soo qaaday Ingiriis iyo Talyaaniba tala weyn ku lahaayeen waxna ka soo abaabuleen. Dhinac kale Daraawiish waxay la ahayd mar hadday taasi dhacday in arrintii sidii hore ka hunbulaatay, oo la damacsan yahay in dagaal kedis ah lagu soo qaado, sidaa daraaddeed Sayidku waraaq 10 arrimood ku qoran tahay buu Ingiriiska u diray, waraaqdaas wuxuu ku qoray hadal kulul iyo hanjabaad, waraaqdii oo Af Carabi laga soo tarjamay waa tan:

[Waxa laga dhex helay waraaqihii la isu diri jirey.]

Translation of an Arabic letter from Mohamed bin Abdilla, received on the 27th February 1912.
This letter is addressed to the British Authorities.
The objects of this letter are ten. The first is to give notice to the people that the Authorities have ruined the country because they rule the people according to their own ideas and trust the words of liars and destroyers, and do not listen to the words of people who speak the truth who are wise. Also they instigate destruction and cause annoyance in their ignorance of what is best. They also do not consider the final result of their dealings with affairs; and I have had experience of this. How many letters have been sent by me in which I suggested good arrangements for all the people; and how many times have I asked them for peace and settlement; yet I found none of these things.
How many times have l told the Authorities to give us justice and equity, but they gave us none. How many times have I also told them not to listen to the words of the Somalis, but they did not follow my advice; and not to give arms to the Somalis because they will destroy themselves and they will kill themselves, but the Authorities did not listen to my words. I have also told them not to give arms to the Somalis because they will drive no benefit from doing so, nor will they be able to do any harm to the Dervishes; but they did not listen.
I have also told them not to prevent us from entering the towns, nor to stop our caravans, but they did not listen. How many times have l sent many letters to them from the sacred book, but they did not answer me. They abuse us and revile us, and when I saw that this was so I was disappointed with them.
And when heard that the accursed destroyers have gone from this country I have become very glad, and expect better behaviour from the rest; and for this reason I have sent this letter to the representative of the Authorities who may be at present in the country, so that I may ascertain his attitude, and in the hope of justice. I have written this the said letter respecting ten things. The first is mentioned above, the second is to inform you, Oh Authorities that I ask you for peace and settlement, and for the improvement of the country.
Thirdly, I respect you not to abuse or revile us. Fourthly, I request you, that Somalis should not make mischief between us and you, for they are a people accursed wherever they may be: like Ebn Shehri and his company. The fifth thing is to inform you that I ask you for a straightforward querrel if you desire it, as has been said by the previous authorities. Sixthly l inform you that I ask for necessary supplies if you whish for an honest fight. Seventhly, I inform you that I ask you not to interfere with anyone belonging to us, or fulfilling our orders before you. Eightly, I ask you to return our rightful claims for men dhows, and properties. Ninthly, I inform you that I have asked you to build the minaret or high tower of my late master Sheikh Ibrahim Rashidi; because the late Sheikh was my master and my teacher, and he died in Mecca, and for him we built a cupola which was destroyed by some of your subjects; but you have delayed this matter; and I request you to order the rebuilding of it with your entire diligence, your skill, and your science. The tenth thing is that I ask you to send me the answer to my words very soon. This is about the important matters.
Regarding other news, I inform you that your previous authorities have done ill between us and the other Somalis, and gave them arms to fight us. So all the Warsangeli have joined with Mijjertein and raided our people who were in Baran. Our people were few, numbering 45, so they surprised them and took them by tricks and deceits. And when we heard about this we arose against them, and have finished them. If you have been informed about it, then it is so, otherwise you may know it now. I heard that the Sultan of Mijjertein deceived the Italians, telling the Italians, “Your arms, and other things than your arms have ruined us, otherwise we would have defeated the Dervishes.”
Oh British Authorities you must know that these words are lies and tricks, and the Italians must not believe them. The fact is, if ths Italians had not helped them, they would not have dared to come against us.
I also inform you that Adan Ali (Gureh) before his arrival here had written to us a letter and declared that he was making mischief between the British and the Somalis; and in the meantime I informed the British Authorities, but they did not listen to my words, and then things happened as I foretold.
Now I inform you that all the Dolbahanta are like this, and you should not regret it. Also the Rer Samathar Khalaf, and you must know this news.

From the poor man and slave of God, Mohamed bin Abdilla the Derwish.

This letter is from the poor man Mohamed bin Abdilla to the one who is in Berbera of the British.
This letter has two objects: the first is to inform you that you did not send an answer to our letter. We were waiting very long and why no answer? And I have sent many letters. And the second thing is that I am asking you to send us an answer soon. If you send an answer containing no good words I agree to that; and if you send an answer contaning no good words or benefit, I shall see it and remember.

This and salaams,
from the poor man Mohamed bin Abdilla.

Warqad Carabi laga soo tarjamey oo uu qoray Sayid Maxamad Cabdulle Xasan, lana helay 27kii Febraayo 1912.
Warqaddan waxay ku socotaa Dawladda Ingiriiska. Ulajeeddooyinka warqaddan waa toban. Marka hore waxaa la ogeysiinayaa dadka in dawladdu dalka kharibtay, maxaa yeelay, waxay ku maamushaa fikradaheeda u gaarka ah iyo iyadoo aaminta wararka ay keenaan beenaalayaasha iyo kuwa wax baabi’iya, mana dhegeysto wararka runta ah dadka sheegaya ee wax garadka ah. Ma tixgeliyaan natiijada ka soo baxda hawlaha ay qabtaan, taasna anigu horaan u ogaaday. Intee warqadood baan u diray oo aan ugu sheegay sidii ay u wanaajin lahaayeen dadka maamulkiisa, intee goor baan nabad iyo xasilloonaan aan weydiistey welina arrimahaas wax ka qabsoomay ma hayo.
Intee goor baan ku iri Dawladda; waxaan u baahanahay sinnaan iyo caddaalad, hase yeeshee waxba noogama qaban, intee goor baan ku iri ha dhegeysannina wararka Soomaalida, hase yeeshee taladaas igama yeelin, intee goor baan ku iri ha siinnina hub Soomaalida, maxaa yeelay waa isku laynayaan, laakiinse Dawladdu ima dhegeysan, waxaan ku iri ha siinnina Socmaalida hub, maxaa yeelay taasu Daraawiishta waxba kagama qaadayaan. Waxaan ku iri ha noo diidina inaan galno magaalooyinka oo ha celinnina safarradayada. Intee goor baan u qoray warqado ay ku qoran yihiin aayado Quraan ah, laakiinse iima soo jawaabin. Waa ay nagu xadgudbaan waana na quursadaan, markaan taas arkay ayaan nimanka ka calool go’ay.
Markaan maqlay kuwii inkaarta qabay oo wax baabi’inayey waddankii way ka tageen aad baan u farxay, waxaanse filayaa inta hartay iney wanaagsanaan doonaan, sidaa awgeed ayaan warqaddan ugu soo qoray dadka dawladda wakiilka ka ah oo laga yaabo iney dalka joogaan waxaan rajeynayaa iney wax is beddelaan oo caddaalad la helo.
Waxaan warqaddan u soo qoray in la dhawro toban arrimood. Tan hore kor ayaa lagu soo sheegay, tan labaad waxaan idiin sheegayaa Dawladyahay, oo aan idin weydiisanayaa nabad, xasilloonaan iyo in dalka la wanaajiyo. Tan saddexaad, waxaan idin weydiisanayaa ineydan nagu xadgudbin oo na quursan. Tan afraad waxaan idinka codsanayaa ineysan Soomaalidu isku keen dirin, maxaa yeelay waa dad inkaar qaba meeley joogaanba, sida ina Shixiri iyo kooxdiisa. Tan shanaad, waxaan idiin sheegayaa inaan idin weydiisanayo haddii aad jeceshihiin, inaan dagaal fool ka fool ah isaga hor nimaadno, sida ay qabaan kuwii idinka horreeyey. Tan lixaad, waxaan idinka codsanayaa inaad i siisaan waqti aan isku diyaariyo haddii aad dooneysaan inaan isku qaadno dagaal eyan ku jirin khiyaamo. Tan toddobaad, ineydan soo faragelin dadka annaga naga tirsan oo awaamirtayda fulinaya. Tan siddeedaad, inaad noo soo celisaan xoolihii aad naga dhacdeen oo aad isla markaa bixisaan raggayagii aad ley seen magtoodii. Tan sagaalaad, inaad dhistaan Masaajidka macallinkeygii Sheekh Ibraahim Rashiid oo ku dhisan Maka, kaasoo annagu markii hore aan u dhisnay, laakiinse ay burburiyeen dad ka mid ah raaciyaddiinna, waxaan idinka doonayaa inaad si qurux badan oo aad ku farayaraysataan u dhistaan masaajidkaas. Tan tobnaad, inaan jawaab degdeg ah idinka helo. Intaanu waa arrimaha ugu waaweyn.
Haddii aan eegno wararka kale, waxaan idiin sheegayaa in dawladihii idinka horreeyey ay dhexdhigeen xumaan annaga iyo Soomaalida kale oo waxay siiyeen hub ay nagula dagaallamaan. Warsengeli iyo Majeerteen oo is wata ayaa weerar ku qaaday dadkaygii degganaa meesha la yiraahdo Buran. Dadkayagu waa yaraa, tiradooduna waxay ahayd 45 qof, waa la kediyey dagaal khiyaamo ahna waa lagu dhuftay. Markii aan arrintaa maqallay dagaal baan ku qaadnay labadii qolaba oo waa uga aarnay dadkayagii. Haddii horay la idiinku sheegay arrintaas waa sidaas, haddii kale haddaba ogaada.
Waxaan maqlay Suldaanka Majeerteen inuu u caddeeyey Talyaanigi, oo uu ku yiri, “Waxaa na kharibay hubkiinnii ee Daraawiish waan jebin lahayn.” Dawladda Ingiriisku waa iney ogaataa in hadalladaasu ay yihiin been iyo khiyaamo Talyaaniguna uusan rumeysaneyn.
Runtu waxay tahay, haddii Talyaanigu uusan hub siin lahayn, kuma dhaceen iney na soo weeraraan. Waxaan kaloo idiin sheegayaa in ninka la yiraahdo Aadan Cali Gurey, intuusan halkan iman uu noo soo qoray warqad uu ku leeyahay waxaan isku dirayaa idinka iyo Ingiriiska, waxaan u sii sheegay Dawladda Ingiriiska arrintaas, hase yeeshee, waxba dheg jalaq iima siin, haddaba arrintu sidaan horay uga afeeftay bay u dhacaysaa. Haddaba waxaan idiin sheegayaa in Dhulbahantohoo dhan sidaa uu yahay, idinkuna waa ineydan ka qoomameyn. Sidoo kale reer Samatar Khalaf; idinkuna waa inaad taas ogaataan.

Waxay ka timid miskiinkii ahaa addoonka Ilaahay, Maxamad bin Cabdulle “Daraawiishka.”

SOO NOQOSHADII INGIRIISKA

1912kii ayaa Ingiriisku dib ugu soo noqday dhulkii baadiyaha ahaa oo uu kal horaadkii ka guuray, markaana waxa la amray in la abuuro ciidan Rakuubley ah oo dhulka baadiyaha ah ka shaqeeya, danaha dawladdana ilaaliya, Daraawiishna daafaca; hase ahaatee, intii taladaas la hirgelinaayey ayaa waqti dheer qaadatay, maxaa wacay war-isgaarsiinta ayaa liidatay.

Haddaba haddaynu qiyaasno waxaa Inigriiska inuu baadiyaha dib ugu noqdo ugu wacnaa dhawr arrimood oo kala duwan:

Tan u horraysa Daraawiish iyo Boqorkii Xabashida ee Muslinka ahaa oo xiriir dhex maray; waxana dhici kara inuu Ingiriisku ka baqay inuu Daraawiish Boqorku kaalmeeyo ama ku gargaaro dagaalka si ay meel walba u qabsadaan dabadeedna Jarmal iyo Turkiya ayaa Daraawiishtii xiriir la yeeshay oo arrintii si kaley u muuqatay.

Tan labaad Faransiiska iyo Talyaaniga oo dhul durugsi doonayey; waxana suura geli lahayd haddii Ingiriisku ka tago inay dhulkaa isku ballaarin lahaayeen,

Tan saddexaad, markii juqraafiga Geeska Afrika la eego, Ingiriisku waa ka maran yahay, waana dhul laba badood u dhaxeeya oo lagama maarmaan ah; markaasna Dagaalkii Kowaad ee Adduunka ayaa dabayshiisii dhaceysey. Haddii arrimahaas laga soo tago waxaan oran karnaa, waxa soo noqoshadaas ugu wacnaa saddex hal:

A) Ciidammadii Ingiriiska Cadan u fadhiyey waxay hilibka iyo subagga ka qaadan jireen dalka Soomaaliya, markii nabaddii baadiyaha xumaatay ayaa waxa la waayey xoolihii miyiga ka iman jirey oo Cadan u dhoofi jirey iyo safrihii magaalada soo geli jirey dabadeedna taasi dhibaato weyn bey Cadan u geysatay.

B) Waxa muuqatay inaan dawladda Ingiriisku Badyarada Cadmeed ka maarmi karin, maxaa yeelay waxay marin u tahay maraakiibteeda ka gooshta Hindiya, Bariga Fog iyo Yurub, sidaa daraaddeed baayac-mushtarigeeda iyo nabadgelyadiisaa ku xiran.

T) Inuu dalka Soomaaliya ku ilaaliyo danaha uu ku leeyahay Afrikada Bari iyo Badda Cas.

Sababahaas aan soo sheegnay iyo gumeysi jeclaan baa Ingiriiska soo celisay. Daraawiishi labadaa gu’ 1911-1912 tallaabooyin wanaagsan bay qaadeen xagga siyaasadda, meelo badanna way qabsadeen, dad badanina waa raacay gaar ahaan dhinaca waqooyi iyo dhinaca koonfur galbeed (Ogaadeen) dhul badanna waa ku fideen. Daraawiishna wax xoolo la yiraahdo ayaa gacantooda Ilaahay geshey. Hase ahaatee, dadoo idil baa ku soo duuley oo xoolihii ku galay, markaasay waxay noqotay maanta dhac, berrina ha lagaa dhaco. Taasina sideedaba waxa ay noqotay caado xun oo Soomaaliya gees walba ugu fidday, tacab doonashadiina waxay noqotay dhac, duullaan iyo wixii la mid ah.

Sidaas daraaddeed ayaa Daraawiishi waxay gashay laba col oo aan midna u tudhayn dhexdood. Maxaa yeelay Soomaalidii xoolihii bay ka dhacday, raggiina waa ka laysay, Ingiriisna dab buu siiyey, waana ku diray, Daraawiishina gaashaankay u qabatay oo dilkii iyo dhaciiba waa ka qayb qaadatay. Sidaas daraaddeed bay u noqdeen laba col oo aan u kala roonayn. In kastoo dadkii waraaqo badan oo wacdi, waano, gabayo iyo afeefba leh loo diray, haddana xumaantii, dhacii iyo weerarkiiba waa hadal beeleen.

DEGIDDII TALEEX

Markay Daraawiishi rasmi ahaan Nugaal u degtay ayaa waxa lagu taliyey in la ood saaro meel xarunta laga dhigo oo Daraawiish laga maamulo ama saldhig dariiqada u noqota. Kaddibna waxa la gartay in xarunta laga dhigo Taleex; sababaha lagu doortayna waxa ka mid ahaa kuwan soo socda:

1. Iyadoo nimankii dalka waagii hore degi jirey ay Sayidka ku dirqiyeen in Nugaal la dego si aaney gacantooda uga bixin iyo geelii oo meel kale ku dhaqmi waayey.

2. Waa meel bartama u ah xeebta Badweynta Hindiya iyo xeebta Bad-yarada Cadmeed oo labadaba markaas Daraawiishi meela ka degganayd.

3. Waa meel dhinac kastaba looga safri karaa, loogana iman karaa.

4. Waa meel baad iyo biyaba hodan ka ah; xoolaha afarta waryahaadba ka dhaqmi karaan: Sool, Hawd, Ciid iyo Nugaalba u daaqi karaan.

Isla markaas waxa la soo qaaday dhawr arrimood oo in laga gaashaantaa ay habboon tahay, waxaana ka mid ahaa:

a) Ingiriis iyo dadka raacsan iyo Daraawiish waxa ka dhexeeya colaad guun ah oo aan damihayn, haddii ay heli karayaanna maalin gelinkeed ayay Daraawiish dab marin lahaayeen, Nuguulina waa col wadeen aan gabaad lahayn, sidee beynu taa uga gaashaamannaa?

b) Maxamuud Cali Shire waynu dagaallannay oo xumaan baa inoo dhexaysa. Ingiriis buuna dab ka soo qaatay, waa col.

t) Boqor Cismaan iyo raggiisii Talyaani baa dab ku afuufay oo iyaguna horeynu u collownay, berri ama saaddambe waa ina gelayaan.

j) Cali Yuusuf iyo raggiisu Talyaani bay la heshiiyeen oo xiriir la leeyihiin, nabadna inooma aha.

x) Ogaadeen in yar mooyee Xabashi baa dabada ka wadda oo dagaalkii Gurdumi bay inooku dudayaan iyana waa inoo col.

kh) Talyaani Xamar waa ka soo baxay oo Webi Shabeelle ayuu kor u soo raacay wuxuuna maaggan yahay inuu Beledweyne qabsado. Maxaynu ka yeelnaa?

Afarta garjaho meel aynu galabta nabad ka filayno lama oga, dhexna waa ku jirraa, gaalo iyo cawaankeed inaan ku jahaadnana ayaan guddoonsannay. Inkastoo aynu xagga buntukha hodan ka nahay rasaas badan ma haysanno, maxaa talo ah oo innala gudboon?
Rag fiican oo talagal ah ama dagaal yaqaan ahaa ayaa ammintaa xarunta joogey. Haddii xaajadii rag aqoon leh iyo odayaal loo saaray, aadna loo faaqiday waxa la gartay saddex talo:

1. Taleex in laga dhiso qalcad adag oo wixii gudeheeda gala aanu cadawgu u mari karin.

2. In la abuuro Daraawiish dhawr kun ah oo fardooley ah, magacoodana la yiraahdo Dooxato oo had iyo jeer galoo baxa oo argagixiso iyo cabsi ku rida dadka cabsida laga qabo.

3. In la dhiso dhawr iyo afartan qalcadood oo Qardho iyo Jarriiban bari ugu xigaan, Jiidali, Cirshiida iyo Shimbabirisi waqooyi ugu xigaan, Kiridh iyo Qorraxeyna galbeed ugu xigaan, Baledweynana koonfur ugu xigo, inta kalena u dhexeeyaan. Daarahaas intooda badan farduhu waa iska barqayaan ama waysaga hargalaan ama waa isaga hoydaan.

Saddexdaas arrimood oo la soo qaaday muddo gaaban ayaa sidii la rabey loogu fuliyey; maxaa yeelay ciidan waxtar ah baa dariiqada joogey.

TALEEX

Taleex waxaa laga dhisay afar qalcadood oo kala ahaa:
a) Silsilad oo loogu tala galay 2000 oo nin in ay ka dagaal galaan iyo 5000 oo xoolo ah: geel, lo’ iyo faras gudaheedu qaadi karaa.
b) Falaad oo loogu tala galay Sayidka, iyo ragga gaarka ka ah.
t) Daawad oo loogu tala galay dadka martida ah oo xarunta imanaya.
j) Eegi ama Daar-Ilaalo oo kur yar dhaladeeda laga dhisay oo loogu tala galay in saddexdaas qalcadood laga ilaaliyo; wixii xarunta soo gelaya ama ka baxayana laga eego.

[Taleex]

[Taleex]

[Taleex]

Ka dibna waxa la dhisay toddoba daarood oo xarunta ku maageera oo hilaada u jirta 10 mayl ilaa 40 mayl, meelaha laga dhisana Bari iyo wixii ka soo duula.
1. Daar Cad
2. Gacal-guule
3. Xalin
4. Dhumay
5. Geeda mirale
6. Cawshaan
7. Nuguul
Daarahaasi wexey gaar ka ahaayeen xarunta Taleex.

Daarahaas sida loo dhisay ama loo adkeeyey ama dagaal loogu hannaanshey waa si la yaab leh, wax dhulka mara waa ka gaashaanteen, waxa cirka ka yimaaddase ma filayn, nin maqlay iska daayoo nin arkay daarahaas sida loo dhisay kama sheekayn karo.

QALCADIHII DIBADDA

Isla guyaashaas waxa la dhisay 23 qalcadood oo afarta garjaho u kala tusan. Afar waxa laga dhisay dhinaca Taleex bari kaga toosan, ama ka xiga kuwaasoo ahaa:
1) Buraan
2) Qardho
3) Kalyaxeed
4) Ayl iyo Gabbac iyo Ilig oo horay u dhisnayd.
Intaas waxa laga ilaalin jirey Bari iyo ragga Boqor Cismaan.

[Ceel-la-Qoday, Qardho]

Afarna waxa laga dhisy dhinaca waqooyi:
1) Baran
2) Jiidali
3) Cirshiida
4) Surad
Intaa waxa laga ilaalin jirey xeebaha Laas Qoray iyo Badda Cadmeed.

Lixna waxa laga dhisay Waqooyi-galbeed:
1) Orgiya
2) Laascaanood
3) Sool-Daryare
4) Dabdheer
5) Shimbabiris
6) Kiridh.

Intaa waxa laga ilaalin jirey Ingiriis iyo dhinac Burco iyo Berbera iyo dadka raacsan.

Saddexna waxa laga dhisay dhinaca Galbeed, kuwaasoo ahaa:
1) Qorraxey
2) Wardheer
3) Gallaaddi.
Intaa waxa laga ilaalin jirey Xabashida iyo dadka raacsan.

Saddex daaroodna waxa laga dhisay dhinaca Koonfur, kuwaasoo ahaa:
1. Docmo
2. Jarriiban
3. Lababaar.
Intaa waxa laga ilaalin jirey Talyaani iyo dadka raacsan.

Daarahaas tiradaas leh mid walba waxa lagu jaaday oo la fariisiyey ciidan hub ku filan haysta, daar la arkana waxa laga dhisay ceelka meesha ugu dheer, si wixii biyaha u soo arooray loo arko. Meelaha qaarkoodna waxa laga dhisay labo daarood oo kala korreeya, taasna waxa keenay markii biyaha iyo meesha daarta wax laga ilaaleeyaa kala durugsan yihiin mid meel kore ka dhisan oo cadowga laga ilaaleeyo iyo mid ceelka iyo meesha biyaha leh ku foororta oo wixii cadow ahaa oo ceelka u soo arooraya laga arko.

DOOXATO:

Waxa la abuuray rag Daraawiish laga xulay oo boqollaal ah, karti iyo geesinnimana loo og yahay, fardahana sida haadka u fuula. Boqol walbana waxa lagu jaaday meel, waxana la faray dil iyo dhac mid kastaba ha ahaatee inay dadka laga baqaayo cabsi iyo argagixiso geliyaan. Raggaasi waa nimanka Berbera gubey oo gaalo u xiiray; waa nimanka Laasqoray galay oo Boosaaso gubey, Hobyana dabka geliyey oo dad iyo duunyo arlada rogey.

DAD IYO DARAAWIISH

Magaca Daraawiish la baxay wuxuu caanbaxay 1897kii, wuxuuna jirey 25 sano. Hase ahaatee labadii sano ee u horreysey hanaqaad ma ahayn; saddexdii sano ee ku xigeyna waxa Daraawiishi ku jirtey dad iyo duunyo urursi, ujeeddadoodana lama garan, Sayidkuna ma caad bixin. Hase ahaatee maalintii Kala-guurkii Gurdumi (Kalakicii) dhacay ayaa la dareemay in arrin qoto dheeri meesha ka socoto. Dadka qaarkiis waxay oran jireen Wadaadku Boqornimuu doonayaa, qaar kalena waxay oran jireen waa weli soo daahiray ee ha la raaco.

Sayidka qudhiisu markii hore wuxuu arrinta ka bilaabay diin barid, waano, wacdi iyo waxsiin. Sidaasaana dadku ku raacay, laguna jeclaaday, Magaca qabiil la yiraahdaa xaaraan buu ka dhigay; Boqor, Garaad iyo wixii la mid ahaa iyo kuwa ku adeegtana waa baabi’iyey.

Daraawiishi siday u guri degtey 1897-1910kii waxyeello Gondagooye ka weyn oo dariiqadii ka dhaca lama sheegin. Rag Daraawiish ah oo warkooda lagu kalsoon yahay waxay yiraahdeen, “Muddo 10 sano iyo dheeraad ah, Sayidku dadka sabaal, wacdi iyo waxsiin buu ku waday. Wax dil ah ama xumaan kale ah xarunta gudaheedii kama dhicin, waxase jirey dad badan oo xoolo laga soo dhacay, taasna iyagaa dhaca Daraawiish kaga horreeyey, ninkii ku dhacana waa la dhacaa.”

Markii waanadii, wanaaggii iyo waxsiintii waxba tari waayeen, walaalnimadii iyo Darwiishnimadiina lagu deyn waayey, gaaladiina lala saftay ayaa Daraawiishi faraska u fuushay oo Bari iyo Galbeed, Koonfur iyo Waqooyi meel walba weerar geliyeen, wax la dilo, wax la dhaco, wax la mooradduugo iyo wax degel ka kaca ayaa dadkii noqday. Iyaguna ma nabad gelin oo markii dambe birtaa laga aslay, arladiina waxay noqotay Daraawiish iyo dad intiisa kale. Hase ahaatee, mar baa magaca Darwiish la yiraahdo waxa looga baqay sida melegga wax dila looga baqo.

Afgembigii Canjeel siduu u dhacay, Daraawiish gudaheeda dareen baa kala galay oo waa kala aammin baxeen, xaruntiina waa xumaatay, dadkana aad baa xarunta loogu laayey dibaddeeda iyo gudaheedaba. Ninba ninkuu ka itaal roonaa ama utun hore u qabay ayuu waranka daray, hase ahaatee waxa jirey in xumaantaasi guud ahaan geyiga oo dhan saabatay oo meel walba laysku dilaayey ama laysku dhacaayey. Dilkaa xarunta ka dhacaayey waxa sabab u ahaa saddex hal:

1) Markii hore dadku sida daadka ayuu xarunta u tegey dhawr sano ka dibna waa laga yaacay; in kastoo aan ujeeddadii laga lahaa la tilmaami karin waxa dhacday in markaas ninkii Daraawiish tegey dadkiisii iyo wixii dad ugu xigey oo xarunta joogey la laayey, Daraawiish ha ahaadeen ama yey ahaane xoolahoodiina waras baa laga dhigay, halhaysna waxa laga dhigtay, “Ninkii tegey diintu tebi meysee, dadow yaan Ferenji kuu talin!”

2) Markii taas hore dhacday ayaa dad badani ka faa’iideystey oo ninba ninkuu u ciil qabay ama aano hore ka qabay ka cad goostay isagoo leh waa gaaloobey ama waa xujoobey. Taasina waxay dhalisay cabsi, baqdin, iyo aammin darro xaruntii iyo Daraawiish dhexdeeda ka dhacday; dicaayad iyo cay xunna dibadda ayaa lagaga afuufay iyagoo caddaalad-darro lagu tilmaamayo.

3) Waxaa jirey dad si caddaan ah gaalada u raacay oo garwade, ilaalo iyo indhaba u noqday oo Daraawiish ka hiilinaayey, iyo kuwo xoolo doon ahaa oo Daraawiish dhac iyo weerar ka bixin waayey. Kuwaasna waxa loo laayey sidii kuwan kaleba loo laynayey.

Sida runta ah waxay Sayidka iyo Daraawiishtaba la ahayd in iyaga mooyee dadka kale gaalo yahay oo dawgii sharciga ahaa waydaarsan yihiin. Taasina waxay dhalisay in dadka loo kala saaro Muslin iyo Gaalo; sida gabayada iyo warqadaha ka muuqanaysa, dadkii Daraawiish noqday oo raacay ama la dagaal galay ama taageero u geystay, cadawga oo laysaga digaba ha ahaatee, waxaa la yiri waa Muslin, dadkii ka soo horjeeday oo Daraawiish soohdinteeda ka baxsanaa, ha la dagaallameen ama yey la dagaalamine, waxa la yiri waa gaalo, dilkooduna waa bannaan yahay, xoolahooda in la dhacaana waa bannaan tahay oo waa xalaal.

Dhinaca kale haddaynu eegno, run ahaantii iyagana waxay la ahayd in Daraawiishtu xeerkii Ilaahay ka tallaabsatay oo wixii sharcigu reebay ay falayaan, Muslinnimada ay sheeganayaanna been tahay, Hase ahaatee, markii taas culimadii loo bandhigay waxay yiraahdeen, “Dhaca iyo dilku waa dembi weyn ee Islaamka lagagama baxo, lagumana gaaloobo.”

Waxa jirtey in culimadii, meel kasta ha joogtee ay arrintaas ku wareertay; maxaa yeelay niman diikii iyo dhaciiba xalaashaday waa Muslin dhab ah lama oran karo. Mar Sayid Maxamad taas la weydiiyey oo la yiri, “Nin Ashahaadada qiraya, salaaddiina tukanaaya, sekadana bixinaya oo soomaaya, maxaad u dishaan, maalkiisana u dhacdaan idinkoo ku xujeynaya waa gaal?” Wuxuu yiri:

Nin aqdaamo Ferenji ah, maantiyo abuurriin
Ama aaladduu sida, ama awrta baw rara
Ama ariga baw qala, ama laba ugaarsada
Ama uba ilaalaha ah, ama uurka kala jira
Ashahaado beeniyo, Islaamnimo ha lagu dhaqo
Ilaahayna nama oran, anna ma oggolaan karo!

Waxa la weriyey Sheekh Cabdullaahi Quddub oo Boqor Cismaan la fadhiya magaalada Baargaalna jooga, ayaa waraaq Sayid Maxamed buu ka waraystay oo wuxuu yiri, “Wadaadkan soo baxay ee Ina Cabdille Xasan nooga warran? Nin wax yaqaan ma yahay?” Sheekh Cabdullaahi wuxuu yiri, “Boqor, ninku nin wax yaqaan maaha ummaddiina waa habaabiyey.” Isla markaas Boqorkii wuxuu Sheekh Cabdullaahi tusay waraaqdii; kaddibna wuxuu sheekhii yiri, “Bal su’aalo diinta ku saabsan baan weydiinayaayc, hadduu nin diinta yaqaan yahay ha ka soo jawaabo.” Dabadeedna qasiido Carabi ah buu Sayidkii u diray, ninkii qaadayna xoolo meelmar ah baa la siiyey. Sayidkuna markii qasiidadaa loo geeyey waa ka jawaabay. Labadii ra’yi ee Daraawiish iyo dadka kale kala qabeen xagga caqiidada iyo diinta waxa kala caddaanaya labadaas qasiido oo midiba dhinac taageereyso sida arrintu tahay; qasiidadii Sheekh Cabdullaahi Quddub) waa tan, wuxuu yiri:

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Waxa la weriyey markii qasiiddadaasi Sayid Maxamad soo gaartey culimadii xarunta joogtey buu faray iney jawaabaan, hase ahaatee, waa ka gaabsadeen.

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DHISIDDII BELEDWEYNE

Beledweyne wuxuu ahaa malko lagama maarmaan ah oo dhulka daabkiisii ah qolo walba haanka ku hayso in aan looga horrayn oo Talyaani, Cali Yuusuf iyo Daraawiishiba tartan u galeen. Hase ahaatee Daraawiish baa ugu dedaal badnayd oo ugu dheeraysay.

1912kii bishii Maarso ayaa waxa war lagu helay in Talyaanigu ku talo jiro inuu tallaabo tallaabo u qaado Webi Shabeelle oo in yar in yar u qabsado, waxaana la ogaaday in Sahankiisii hore soo gaaray Mahadday oo doonaayo inuu dadka dhulkaa deggan dhex galo oo hub iyo xoolaba siiyo si uu Daraawiish ugu diro inay la dagaallamaan. 500 oo faras ah iyo 900 oo lug ah ayaa Taleex laga soo diray, waxaana lagula soo dardaarmay inay ku biiraan Daraawiishta Doh iyo Ceelgaab fadhida oo Khaliif Shiikh Cabdulle madaxda ka yahay, dabadeedna Khaliif hor kaco oo ay Beledweyne degaan, dadka dhulkaa degganna ugu yaraan inay Daraawiish noqdaan, jahaadkana soo galaan.

Beledweyne waxba kama dhisnayn markaa ka hor, oo wuxuu ahaa dhufays yaab leh, waxaana degganaa oo u talinaayey niman xoog leh oo la oran jirey Hormadiid, waxaana madax u ahaa nin la oran jirey Nincadde Dacaar “Baxaar” oo aan oggolayn in dalkaa cid kale cagaha soo dhigto, taasna awood u lahaa.

Khaliif Shiikh Cabdulle isagoo Daraawiish xoog leh wata ayuu fariistay meel la yiraahdo Qollad oo Beledweyne u dhow. Wax badan hadduu warqado iyo farriimo u diray ayaa niman dhawr ah oo ergo ahi u yimaaddeen, waxayna u caddeeyeen inayan Beledweyne cid u oggolayn, dagaal mooyaane wax kalena ayan ka qabin, taa lama oga in Talyaanigu aftin ku lahaa iyo inay sidoodu Daraawiish u diidayeen. Muddo haddii hadallo la waday, qolo walbana meesheeda ku geel qalatay, ciidanna ku urursanaayey ayaa Daraawiishi goosatay inay Beledweyne dagaal ku gasho.

1913kii ayaa Daraawiishi weerar ku kicisay Beledweyne oo gacanta ku dhigtay wixii xoolo ahaa ee meeshaa joogeyna waa dhaceen, dabadeedna qalcad dagaal ayay ka dhisteen saldhig dhismaha daartaasna waxa macallimiin ka ahaa Cali-Jalax iyo rag kale. Waxaana Daraawiishtii halkaa fariisatay madax looga dhigay Maxamuud Macallin “Cagadhiig”. Degiddaasina waxay halis gelisey dantii Talyaanigu dhulkaas ka lahaa, gaar ahaan isagoo doonaayey inuu Webi Shabeelle gacanta ku dhigo.

Muddo ka dib wuxuu Talyaanigii soo degey oo ciidammo dhigay Mahadday, Buqcaqable iyo Tayeeglow, taasna wuxuu uga jeeday inaan Daraawiishtu horay u sii fidin, dabadeedna wuxuu hadallo la yeeshay Cali Yuusuf oo wuxuu ka dhaadhiciyey in Daraawiishta Beledweyne degtey halis u tahay saldanada Hobyood, siyaasadda Talyaaniga iyo dadka raciyadda ah ee Webi Shabeelle deggan. Sidaas daraaddeed, waa in wax laga qabtaa; waxaana habboon in ciidammo askarta Cali Yuusuf iyo ciidammo Talyaani ah iyo wixii kalee raaci karaa ay ku duulaan. Labo gu’ iyo labadoodii dayrood iyo intii u dhaxaysey ayaa Beledweyne waxay noqotay xarun saddexaad oo isku filan oo aan dagaal lagu heli karayn; hase yeeshee Talyaanigu kama gaabsan inuu dagaal isku dayo, wixii uu awood lahaana wuxuu isugu geeyey si Daraawiish Beledweyne looga kiciyo, dabadeedna wuxuu la heshiiyey Ina Diinle iyo Cali Yuusuf, waxaana go’aan kama dambays ah lagu gaaray in la abaabulo col loo wada dhan yahay, Beledweynena lagu kiciyo dagaal loo wada jiro oo ceelkaas Beledweyne oo halbawlaha ah la qabsado. Amminta dagaalkaasu habboon yahayna waxa soo sheegi doona Talyaaniga. Sidaas baa lagu heshiiyey oo meel laysla dhigay, taladiina ku dhammaatay.

WEERARKII BELEDWEYNE

Danta weyn ee gumeysiga Talyaanigu Soomaalida koonfur qabsashadeedii ka lahaa waxay ahayd isagoo doonaayey inuu biyaha Shabeelle taabo, dabadeedna halkaa dalka Amxaarada kaga duulo sidii waagii dambeba uu yeelay. Sidaa daraaddeed, siyaasaddiisu ma oggolayn in Daraawiishi arlada ka soo dhowaato ama xukun ku yeelato. Markuu maqlay inay Beledweyne qabsadeen oo daar ka dhistecn aad buu uga wareeray, wuxuuna isku deyey af iyo addinba inuu ka kiciyo inteyan ku xididdaysan ama tigimmada ku dhaaban; dabadeedna wuxuu la heshiiyey Cali Yuusuf iyo Ina Diinle, banaadiiq iyo saanadna waa siiyey, waxaana laysku af gartay in Daraawiishta Beledweyne fadhida mar loo gacan qaado oo Webi Shabeelle laga saaro.

Talyaaniga waxa u soo warrami jirey Soomaalida dhulkaa deggan, run iyo been labadana waa u sheegi jireen, iyagoo Daraawiish garab siinayana waxa la faafiyey ama Talyaanigii loogu warramay in Daraawiishi Beledweyne ka guureyso. Taasi Daraawiishna waqti bay siisay Talyaanigana dib bay u ridday.

Sannadkii 1913kii bartamihiisii ayaa gumeysiga Talyaanigii wuxuu goostay inuu siyaasadda Daraawiishta ka xiro kana hor joogsado si aanay dhinaca koonfur ee Webi Shabeelle iyo Banaadir ugu fidin ama dadka dhulkaa deggan u dhex gelin, ama u kaxaysan. Markaa wuxuu isku deyey inuu abuuro ciidan Daraawiishta ka hor taga oo ka kooban askar iyo raciyad, dab, saanad, lacag iyo raashiinba la siiyo, laguna boorriyo ama lagu guubaabiyo inay Daraawiish la dagaallamaan oo meelahay deggan yihiin u diidaan oo ka eryaan. Taladaasi ma mira bixin meelmarna ma noqon maxaa yeelay Daraawiishta ayaa xoog xarriib iyo xeeladba Talyaaniga ka roonayd, hase ahaatee nin maajoor ah oo Buula-Berde joogey, askar xoog lehna ku haystey ayaa Daraawiishtii far dheeraatay ku noqday. Waa kii lahaa iyagoo kuhaamaaya:

Sidii meel dab maray madoobaadow
Maxaa nagu maagay maajoor!

Allow meleggii wax layn jirey iyo
Masuuba u meeri maajoor!

1915kii ayaa nin Darwiish ah oo caan ahaa, magaciisana la oran jirey Indhaceel Daamey Raage oo wata 40 nin ayaa tegey Buula-Barde oo Talyaanigu fadhiyo. Waxay qaadeen webiga degtiisa koonfur, markay tuulada geeskeeda joogeen ayay fardihii iyo ragga badankiisii ka tageen. Shan nin oo Indha-ceel wato ayaa Talyaanigii u galay oo waxay ku yiraahdeen, “Daraawiish baannu ka soo fakannay oo Talyaanigaannu magan u nahay.” Maajoorkii meesha xukumayey intuu kala batav ayuu afar Talyaani ah oo ka hoos shaqeynaayey u yeeray si ay raggaa dabkana uga qabtaan, una soo dhoweeyaan, hase ahaatee waxa dhacday waxaan la filayn maskaxdana lagu hayn.

Shantii Darwiish intay isha qoodheeda iskala hadleen ayay shantii Talyaaniga ahaa shan xabbadood ku kala dhufteen, shanna ku ruuxtogeen. Waa la berdedey oo si la yeelo la garan waayey, maxaa yeelay waa ka naxsadeen oo waxay noqotay kediso, kuwii badnaana durba intay horay u soo kaceen ayay saldhiggii oo dhan rasaas ku afuufeen si aan qofna bunduqiisa u halcelin. Shantii Indhaceel wateyna markay hubsadeen in shantii Talyaaniga ahayd dhimatay ayay gadaal gadaal u baxeen oo durba shantoodii faras baa loo keenay iyana degdeg u fuuleen. Taasi Talyaanigii waxay ku noqotay fejeciso iyo layaab, hase ahaatee wuxuu sii kordhiyey ciidammadiisii iyo feeyigadiisii.

1915kii, bishii Maajo, 3 ciidan oo kala duwan ayaa Beledweyne lix meelood kaga soo duuley oo 3 goor oo kala dambeeya weerar ku kiciyey. Ciidamadaas oo kala ahaa:

1. Ciidan Talyaanigu wato oo saddex madax u kala socda oo ka soo baxay
a) Buulabarde;
b) Buqcaqable;
t) Teyaglow.

2. Ciidan Cali Yuusuf oo laba madax ah oo ka soo baxay
a) Mudug;
b) Ceelbuur.

3. Ciidan Ina Diinle oo hal madax ah oo ka soo baxay Qallaafe.

Bishii Maajo 9kii, 1915kii, oo ahayd maalintii dagaal loogu ballamay ayaa qolo waliba meesheedii ka soo duushey oo Daraawiishtii Beledweyne fadhidey dagaal afarta geesood lagaga soo dhuftay, hase ahaatee Daraawiishi gaashaankay u qabatay.

Daraawiish dagaalkaas goobjoog ka ahaa oo markaa noolaa wuxuu noogu warramay, “Toddoba caanamaal haddii rasaas laysku garaacaayey oo dhawr iyo labaatan madfac qalcaddii saldhig lagu ridey, waxyeello yar oo albaabka ku siman mooyee, dhagax keliyi aanu ka dhicin, ayaa subaxdii dambe madfac afkiisii xabbad lala helay, ninkii ridayeyna la diley. Dabadeedna cadawgii iyo wixii la socdeyba waa jabeen, dab badan oo laga gurtayna waa lagala haray.”

Waxa la weriyey intaan madfaca xabbad lala helin ayaa nin Darwiishi wuxuu yiri, “Allow adigaa cuskiina lehe, Allow ciidan khayr leh noo keen.” Warka Darwiishkaas waxa marag u ah geeraar xogwarran ah oo uu mariyey Ismaaciil Mire oo dagaalkaas isaguna goobjoog u ahaa. Isagoo xaruntii Khaliif madaxda ka ahaa oo Qalqallooc taal u warramaya wuxuu yiri:

War ninkii iga dooniyow
Ano doola u jeeda

Deleb heensaha saarayoo
Gooruu waagu dillaacay

Daraawiish balamayno
Adduun saad ka damceysiyo

Damdambaysi ma yeeshoo
Waa dawaara sideedee

Durba weerar na taabay.
Maajoor doora qurmuun iyo

Doofaartii Raxanweyniyo
Majeerteen dunjigiisiyo

Daacufley askareediyo
Ina Diinle dhashiisa

Dulmi nooga heshiiyeyoo
Duulba maalin na beegayo

Beryey Doox ololeysayoo
Dundunku u rogmaayo

Candhadii dubayowdeyoo
Daaqsin ayan u foofinoo

Rasaastii dam lahaydoo
Dagaal baan kala roorrayoo

Baqihii ay dillaameen
Dabkii aanu ka reebnay

Derbi baan ku masaallay
Daarahaannu rasaynay

Daayinow mahaddaa bow!
Daraawiishi lahaydey.

Daraawiishi dagaalkaa ka dib Beledweyne aad bay u xoogeysey oo waxa la dhisay qalcaddii Aammin iyo Labamataanood, Talyaani iyo dad kalena waa ka gaareen, colal isdabajoog ahna waxay u direen webiga xaggiisa hoose, Teyeglow, Baydhabo iyo jihada koofur kaga toosan oo dhan. Tan iyo Aw Dheegle iyo Ceel Garas. Intii muddadaa ka dambeysey inuu Talyaanigu naftiisa daafaco mooyaane, weerar dambe Beledweyne uguma noqon, maxaa yeelay wuxuu rumeysnaa inaan libin laga keeneyn; waxaana ugu wacnaa laba hal:

1. Qalcadihii Beledweyne Daraawiishtu ka dhisatay oo madaafiicdii wax ka tari weydey maxaa yeelay si adag baa loo dhisay,

2. Xaaji Maxamuud Macallin “Cagadhiig” oo ammaanduule u ahaa Daraawiishta Beledweyne fadhida oo naftiisu ahaa nin rag ah oo dagaalka iyo tabihiisa iyo maamulkaba aad u yaqaan oo loo mari waayey, siduu Talyaanigu sheegay.

Daraawiishiina weerar iyo duullaan bay ku haysey taniyo 1919kii

DARAAWIISH IYO KOOFIL

Koofil wuxuu dalka Soomaaliya yimid 1904 isagoo ka soo shaqeeyey dhawr dal oo Afrika ah oo ay ka mid ahaayeen Koonfur Afrika iyo Nijeeriya; markaasna waxa madax looga dhigay ciidammada wax fuula oo magacooda guud la oran jirey Guutada Geela (Rakuubley) oo had iyo jeer wareegeysan jirey soohdinta u dhaxaysa Daraawiish iyo dadka dawladda Ingiriisku u taliso.

[Koofil iyo Askartiisii]

Dadka baadiyaha doggan waa dhibay, xoolahana waa ka dhici jirey, sidaa daraaddeed dalka laguma jeclayn. Sheekooyin badan Soomaaliya dhexdeeda kuma lahayn, hase ahaatee, wuxuu caan baxay markii la dilay ka dib oo gabaya laga mariyey, dabadeedna nin kasta oo gabyaa ahi waa ku hal qabsaday, Daraawiishkii dadka guubaabinaayey wuxuu yiri:

Annaba Koofil googoynaye, adinna Laaran gawraca.

Daraawiishi waxay yiraahdeen, “Run ahaan annagu Koofil markii hore ma aqoon, maxaa yeelay nin sare ma ahayn, waraaqa nooma soo diri jirin, annaguna uma diri jirin; sideedana gaalada ma kala aqoon mana kala jecleyn nin hoose iyo nin sare. Waxaanu dooneyney oo keliya inaanu gaalada dalka ka saarno.”

Sida la warivey Koofil wuxuu ahaa nin Daraawiishta iyo magacooda aad u neceb oo iyaga iyo wixii raacsan ama xiriir la leh la col ah oo qawleysato burcad ah u yaqaan oo had iyo jeer jecel inuu ku duulo. Hase ahaatee dawladda Ingiriisku waa u diidi jirtey, isagoo xogwarran dawladdiisa u diraayana waxa hadalladiisii ka mid ahaa:

[Richard Corfield of Somaliland, by H. F. Prevosi Battcrsby, London 1914; p. 124.]

“The cream of the jest at present is that although the Mullah raids our so-called protected tribes indiscriminately, the troops lie idle, and our tribes are forbidden by Government to retaliate on the Mullah, for fear of prejudicing chances of negotiation. Isn’t that rich? As far as negotiations are concerned, one might as well make an agreement with a mule not to kick you.”

Hadalkaas waxa af Soomaali loogu tarjami karaa sida tan:

“Arrinta gunta ah ee qosolka lihi waxay tahay inkastoo Wadaadku uu safmar u soo weerarayo qabaa’ilka lagu sheego inaannu ilaalinno ayaa haddana ciidammadayadii iska hoganayeen qabaa’ilkiina dawladdu u diiddey inay Wadaadka ka aar gutaan ayadoo laga cabsi qabay inay buraan wadahadallo la filayey in isaga lala yeesho. Miyeyan taasi wax lagu qoslo ahayn? Xagga wadahadallada naftooda haddaynu ka eegno, baqalkaba heshiis waad la samaysan kartaa inuusan ku dambaabirin.”

Sida buuggan qaybihiisa kala duwan ku qoran, heshiiskii Ilig-daldala ee la kala saxiixday 1905 intii ka dambeysey, waxay dawladda Ingiriisku ku dedaaleysey in mar uun Wadaadka heshiis laga helo. Sidaa daraaddeed ayaa saraakiisha Ingiriiska waxa amar lagu siiyey inay wax alla wixii iska hor imaad keenaya ay ka fogaadaan. Haddaba mar Waaligu Koofil farriin u diray isagoo uga digaya in aan wax iska hor imaad ahi ka dhex dhicin isaga iyo Daraawiishta wuxuu ku yiri, “Wadaadka wadahadallo ayaa noo socda oo heshiis baan ka fileynaaye wax alla wixii waanwaantaas wax u dhimaaya ka fogow.” Koofil isagoo arrintaa aan raalli ka ahayn waraaq buu qoray hadalladiisiina waxaa ka mid ahaa:

“During my last trip I have been negotiating with Nur Jama, the Majertain headman, trying to use him as a kind of buffer between us and the Mullah. The whole of the Warsangeli, one of our tribes, have gone over to the Mullah’s cause. I chased a raiding party the other day, but they had too long a start of me.”

Hadalkaas waxa loo tarjami karaa sida tan:

“Safarkaygii ugu dambeeyey waxaan wada hadal la yeeshay Nuur Jaamac (Dhalbaas) oo ahaa caaqilka Majeerteenka, anoo uga jeedey inuu noqdo derbi u dhexeeya annaga iyo Wadaadka. Warsangeli oo ahaa qabaa’ilka na raacsan waxay dhammaan raaceen Wadaadka, waxaanna caydhsaday duullaan ay soo kiciyeen; hase ahaatee way iga il horreeyeen, waana iga fakadeen.”

Rijaad Koofil wuxuu ahaa nin kibir badan oo sanka ka hadla, nin xukun adag oo aan naxariis lahayn, dadkana ciqaaba oo had iyo jeer ujeeddada dawladdiisa fuliya ama ku dedaala inuu fuliyo.

Waxaan la allaabi karin, dagaalkii Ruuga intuusan dhicin ka hor, ayaa Koofil reero Gaafoodiga Burco iyo Hargeysa u dhaxeeya yaalla xoolo ka dhacay, dadkiina si xun u galay. Dabadeed nin la oran jirey Ina Weysaxume oo ka mid ahaa dadkaa Koofil dhacay ayaa gabay kuhaan ah u mariyey, dagaalkii Ruugana waxa Koofil loogu diley siduu gabayga ku yu’day, wuxuuna yiri:

Sayidkoo wax galay raacdadoo, la isku soo gaaray
Adiga iyo gubniga aad waddaa, goobataal noqoye
Girligaanku kaa joogsay oo guuxa kaa damiye
Ku googooste nimankii kufriga, gaajaduu qabaye
Afkuna gaw ku yiri xaajadaad, gees u badisaaye
Guga ha gaarin adigaa tolkay, gaajadaas badaye.

RUUGA

1912 dabayaaqadiisii ayaa ciidankii Ingiriiska ee rakuubleyda ahaa oo Koofil madaxda ka ahaa, baadiyaha hore loogu durkiyey, Sayidkana waraaq baa loo diray oo waxa lagu yiri, “Nabad iyo wadahadal bay dawladda Ingiriisku dooneysaa.” Muddo sannad ah ayaan wax dagaallo ah ama rabsho ahi ayan dhicin.

1913 ayadoo xaruntii Daraawiishta Taleex tahay oo gaado, tuugo iyo faras qawle mooyee aan colweyne dal shishe ka soo duula laga baqayn, Daraawiish daaraha dibadeed ilaalinaysa iyo rag reer Beede ah oo xoolaha la jira mooyee, ragga xooggiisii xarunta joogo, ayaa niman dhaawac ah oo firxadi xaruntii yimaadeen, waxayna ku warrameen war aan lagu farxin.

Waxaan marar badan soo xusnay oo Daraawiishta caada u ahayd haddii xarunta war yimaado inuu Sayidku ahaa kan u hor ogaadaa ama sheegaa. Safar la dhawraayey oo dab, saanad iyo dhar xarunta u wada oo Khaliif Shiikh Cabdulle soo diray, markii horena ka yimid Ilyaasu-Raasmakaahiil oo hadiyo ahaan Daraawiishta ugu soo dhiibey, ayaa markuu Qorraxay soo marayo waxa arkay niman socdaal ah oo Burco ku socda, dabadeedna waxay ku warrameen, “Waxaannu aragnay safar ciiraya oo Taleex ku socda oo aan ciidan wadan.”

Col qawle ah oo nin la oran jirey Axmed-Ilkacase madax u yahav ayaa ku duuley. Safarkii markuu maraayey dooxo Laascaanood ka sarraysa oo cidla ah ayaa colkii qawlaha ahaa helay. Dabadeedna raggii safarka wadayna waa la laayey, xoolihiina waa la dhacay, kaddibna niman ka firxaday ayaa xaruntii tegey. Warkaasu hadduu xaruntii tegey, Sayid Maxamad iyo qusuusidii aad bay uga xumaadeen, Daraawiishina aad bay uga carootay. Haddii talo lays weydiiyey guddoon wuxuu ku dhammaaday in duullaan laga daba geeyo. Col aan isasuginna lagu bixiyo oo nin waliba meeshiisa ka raacda galo. Sayidkii wuxuu maalintaa amar ku bixiyey inaan fardaha Daraawiishta la kala xigin dabka daaraha yaalna la tashiilin, raggana loo kala doorin, markaas nin waliba intuu xakamihii iyo koorihii gacanta ku qaatay ayaa fardihii lagu dhex dhacay. Amar guudna waxa qusuusida lagu siiyey inay dabka iyo saanadda daaraha yaal gacantooda ku dhiibaan.

Raggii muhaajirka ahaa oo markaa xarunta joogey wuxuu ku yiri, “Jahaad miyaad nala geleysaan?” Waxay yiraahdeen, “Sayidkii maanta ma maalin jihaad loo kala haraa baa?” Wuxuu yiri, “Waxaad ku qaybtaan dabka daaraha yaal bixintiisa.”

Ugu dambaystii colkii wuxuu ku hilib qashay ceelka Caynaba, kana ilaalo dirsaday, warkii ugu dambeeyeyna waxay ilaaladii colweyne ugu keentay togga Ulasan oo Caynaba iyo Beer u dhaxeeya bartamihiisa; Daraawiishina waxay guddoon ku goysey in halkaa laga weerar galo.

Waxa la weriyey Koofil wuxuu diray 20 askari oo ilaalo ah wuxuu ku yiri, “Buurdhaab taga oo haddaad Daraawiish aragtaan dab shida.” Degmooyinkii halkaa degganaana wuxuu ku yiri, “Haddaad oog aragtaan ama la idin weeraro xagga Burco u soo qaxa farda qayla geysana soo dira.”

Waxaanu marar badan ku celceliney Ingiriiska iyo dadka raaciyadda u ah in ay Daraawiish isugu mid ahaayeen. Sidaas daraaddeed, ayaa Daraawiishta waxay weerartay beelo degganaa agagaarka ceelka Burco, maal waxay lahaayeenna gacantay ku dhigeen.
Qayla roorkii baa wuxuu ku dhacay ciidankii Ingiriiska ee Burco fadhiyey; maalintaa gudaheedana waxa ceelka Burco yimid ku-simihii Badhasaabka Ingiriiska Waqooyi u fadhiyey Saar G. F. Aajar, hase ahaatee fasax buu ahaa oo markii weerarkaasi dhacay buu Shiikh dib ugu noqday. Daraawiishina waxay faafiyeen waa cararay gabayna waa u mariyeen waxay yiraahdeen:

[Koofil oo duullaan ah]

Markaan Koofil cocbihii jaray, miyaa kufrigii calaalay
Markaan Caarsha-Dheere weeraray, miyuu baqa ceeri kala dhacay
Markaan ku callaqay rasaastii miyuu sida habas candhaaqsaday
Markaan ku caddibay cagaaggii miyuu camashcamash u baydaday.

Dabadeedna col Koofil u madax yahay ayaa soo gurmaday oo xoolihii Daraawiishtu dhacday soo raacdeeyey iyagoo ujeeddadoodu tahay inay xoolaha ka reebaan, nimankaas dadka dhacayana edbiyaan. Hase ahaatee kashiisa ma gelin in la loodin karo. Aan soo qaadanno Ismaaciil Mire hadalkiisii ahaa:

Adaa dunida kelidaa leh baa Koofil eersadaye,
Kashiisaba ma gelin wiilal baa, keebka kuu qabane,
Ragow kibirka waa lagu kufaa, kaa ha la ogaado.

Daraawiishi xoolihii markay isu duween iyagoo casar qaadoo cawo ciirso ah ayay waddada Beereed ka carraabiyeen, habeenkiina waxay fariisiyeen Beer iyo Dulmadoobe meel u dhaxaysa.

Saddex boqol co nin oo ka soo gurmatay beelihii la dhacay ayuu habeenkii dab iyo rasaas u qaybshey si ay dagaalka wax uga galaan; hase ahaatee ciidankii Ingiriiska iyo raggii xoolaha lahaa oo isbiirsaday waa barbar mareen. Ingiriisku wuxuu ku dedaalayey inuu war helo. Habeennimadii baa colkii la qaybshey oo Koofil wuxuu amar ku bixiyey sidan soo socota: “Daraawiishi markuu waagu beryo bay xoolaha soo kicin doonaan, ciidanka dawladdu horay buu u fadhiisanayaa si aan xoolahaas halkaas loo dhaafin, idinkuna markaannu ku bilawno gadaal kala xarbiya.”

Colkaa Ingiriiska ee Koofil wato waxa la socdey Dhamme Milateri ah oo la oran jirey Kabteyn Samaris oo tabaha dagaalka aad u yiqiin. Ninkaas qudhiisu habeenkii wuxuu ku taliyey in la ogaado Daraawiishta xooggeeda iyo siday u deggan yiihiin, dabadeedna Burco lagu noqdo hase ahaatee taa Koofil waa diidey. Dabadeed Dhammuhu markuu subaxii arkay arrintu inay si kale tahay, wuxuu Koofil u jeediyey, “Waar aan u dagaallanno tabta afar geesta.” Taasna Koofil waa ku diidey oo wuxuu yiri, “Waxaynu u dagaallamaynaa dherer.” Maxaa yeelay wuxuu ka baqay in safka cadawga ka horjeedaa gaabto ama yaraado oo wuxuu doonaayey in rasaastu meel wada marto.

9kii Agosto 1913kii markii waagu dillaacay, qorraxdiina soo baxday ayaa sidii la filaayey Daraawiishi xoolihii soo kicisay. Waxayna qaybiyeen gaar hore iyo heegan dambe in kastoo xoolaha rag xoog lihi watay. Maxaa yeelay habeenkii ayay war ku heleen in gaalkii soo duuley. In yar ka dib ayaa gaarkii hore waxay arkeen colkii gaalka oo hor fadhiya. Isla markaas xoolihiii waa la hojiyey, dagaalna waa loo faarumaystay.

Daraawiishtu waxay u kala socotey shan madax oo kala ahaa Shiikhyaale, Taargooye, Golweyne, Miinanle iyo Ragxun. Madax waliba wuxuu lahaa ammaanduule gaar ah, korna waxa magacu u saarnaa Sayidka walaalkiis Yuusuf Shiikh Cabdille.

Markii u horreysey waxa dagaalkii galay Shiikhyaale iyo Taargooye, in yar ka dibna waxa ku biiray Miinanle. In kastoo markaasba dagaalkii gabaabsi ahaa waxa ku kordhay Ragxun oo ahaa niman inkaaran dagaalkana aqoon u leh.

Koofil oo colka Ingiriiska ammaanduule u ahaana halkaas baa lagu diley. Dabadeedna taladii waxa la wareegey Kabteyn Samaris.

Darwiish dagaalkaa ku jirey wuxuu yiri, “Koofil waxa hadal ugu dambeeyey ‘Bes! Bes! Bes!’ ujeeddaduna tahay ‘Iga daa’. Daraawiish dhexdeeda hebel baa diley iyo hebel baa diley laguma aqoon, nin kastaaba guusha ha soo hooyee. Hase ahaatee waxa la weriyey inuu diley Darwiish la oran jirey Ibraahin Xoorane, rag kalena waxay yiraahdeen waxa diley Ismaaciil Mire. Qolo saddexaadna waxay sheegeen waxa diley Aaray oo rakuubkiisii iyo salabkiisiiba furtay.

Nin kastaaba Koofil ha dilo, nin kastaaba dilkiisii ha ku faano, runtu waxay tahay dad badan oo gaalada iyo dadkii raacsanaa ka mid ahaa inay halkaa ku hoobteen oo galabtii naartii u carraabeen. Sidaasoo kale dad badan oo Muslin ahaa iyana inay halkaas ku dhinteen oo galabtii Jannadii u carraabeen.

Dagaalka libintiisii Daraawiish baa heshay, xoolihiina kaxaysatay. Goobtaas dhinaca gaalada waxa looga yaqaan Dulmadoobe, dhinaca Daraawiishtana waxa looga yaqaan Ruuga. Sheekadeeda iyo faalladeeda ku dheeraan mayno, maxaa yeelay waxa inakaga filan gabayadii ay goobtaas iyada ah ka kala mariyeen Ismaaciil Mire iyo Sayid Maxamad Cabdille Xasan. [Eeg Diiwaanka Gabayada Sayid Maxamad, Baal 63 & 65.]

Waxa la weriyey in Barlamaanka Ingiriisku uu dawladda weydiiyey sida Koofil u dhintay, ama loo diley, dabadeedna dawladdii waxay ku jawaabtay, “Ninkaasi wuxuu ahaa geesi madax adag oo amar ma qaate ah, meesha lagu dileyna Barasaabku uma dirin amarkiisana kuma tegin.” Hadalkaa waxa ka xumaaday dadkii ay Koofil isxigeen iyo saaxiibbadiis, dabadeedna nin gabyaa ah oo Ingiriis ah magaciisana la oran jirey Sidni Low ayaa gabay tacsi iyo calaacal ah mariyey; Soomaaliduna waxay tiraahdaa markii gabayga Sayidka la maqlay ee xataa Landan gudaheeda laga mariyey ayaa nin Ingiriis ahi isaguna gabay calaacal iyo oohin ah mariyey, wuxuuna yiri:

[Richard Corfield of Somaliland, by H. F. Prevosi Battersby, London 1914; 1st p.]

BEYOND THESE VOICES
We strive to pierce the veil, and deem,
Not wholly vain it is, the dream
That they who pass beyond our ken
Near echoes from the world of men.
Ah, wistful hearts! Ah, straining eyes!
Do we not know that death is wise!
That death is merciful to spread
His veil between us and our dead!
Lest they should taste the keener sting,
To hear Earth’s evil rumours ring;
The cankered taunt, the venomed lie,
The honour stained they held so high.
May we not praise him: young and brave,
Who lies there in his desert grave!
May we not say that, after all
He fell as Englishmen should fall!
No! We must deprecate and scold;
Hint he was rash, was over-bold;
Throw lurking shows round his name,
Deny him his poor need of fame.
Then rest, O valiant soul! nor know,
We rate your gift of life so low;
And death be tender still, and keep
Our shameful voices from your sleep.

Gabaygaas af Soomaaligiisiina waa kan:

CODADKAAS SHISHADOODA
Waxaannu isku dayeynaa inaannu daaha ka qaadno, waxaannu moodnaa,
Riyadayadii inaanay ahayn gebigeed waxaan jirin,
Taasoo ay tahay in dadkii naga qarsoomay
Ay maqlaan daryaanka dadka dunida ku nool
Qalbiyada murugsanow! Indhaha aad wax u fiirinayow!
Miyeydinaan aqoon inay geeridu tahay abwaan wax garad ah?
Geeridu way naxariis badan tahay maxaa yeelay, way dhigtaa,
Daah u dhexeeya annaga iyo qaraabadaydii dhimatay
Kaasoo ka reebaya qaniinyo kulul
Oo ka iman lahayd hadal xun ee dunida ka shanqadhaya
Oo ah faan cambaar leh iyo been sumaysan,
Iyo magacyadoodii ayaga qiimaha u lahaa ee la uskageeyey
Saw xaq ma aha inaynu ammaanno: Geesigii dhallinyarada ahaa,
Oo jiifa qabrigiisii lamadegaanka looga qoday!
Saw naguma habboona inaan nidhaahno wax kasta ha ahaadeene
Wuxuu u dhintay sidii waajibka ku ahayd in nin Ingiriis ahi u dhinto,
Maya! Waxa inoo habboon inaynnu canaananno oo eedeynno
Hadalka sheegaya inuu ahaa geesi degdeg dagaal u gala oo aan fiiro lahayn
Waa inaynu diidno in magaciisa si qarsoon loo hadheeyo
Ama in la dafiro magac caan ah oo marxuumku u baahan yahay.
Naso, nafta geesiga ahay! Hana ogaan,
In aannu yasnay deeqsinnimada naftaada.
Geeriyey jilicsanow, kana celi isaga,
Hurdadiisa codadkayaga xishoodka daran leh!

XIRIIRKII DARAAWIISHTA IYO ILIGYAASUU

Mar iyo labo in ka badan waxaannu hore u soo sheegnay in Daraawiishi lahayd lix cadow oo kala daran oo isku siyaasad ahaa, si kastaba haw kala xoog roonaadeene.
Xabashidu waxay ahayd cadawga saddexaad ee Daraawiishta geesta Galbeed kala dagaallamaayey; hase ahaatee ninka dagaalkaa hurinaayey ee Ingiriiska heshiiska la dhigtay, saaxiibkana la ahaa wuxuu ahaa Boqorkii Xabashida ee la oran jirey Minilik.

[Lig-yaasu, Boqorkii Xabashida 1913-1916]

1915kii markuu dhintay Imbradoor Minilik, waxa xukunkii Xabashida qabsaday Boqor Iligyaasuu Raas Makaahiil oo ay dhashay Boqor Minilik inantiisii. Xumaantii Xabashida iyo Soomaalida dhex tiilleyna guud ahaan wuxuu boqorkaasi u beddeley wanaag. Markuu Harar yimid wuxuu guddoomiyey inuu nin madow boqor u yahay Muslin iyo gaalo mid kasta ha ahaadee, hadalkaa Soomaalidu aad bey ugu riyaaqday wilgane waxay yiraahdeen:

Leex-leex ilays yimiyoo
Abeed ma jirtee
Amxaarka uraaya
Ableyda geshey.

Gaar ahaanna Daraawiishta wuxuu la yeeshay xiriir wanaagsan. Waxana jirtey inuu boqorkaasi Sayidka waraaqo u soo diray uu ku muujinaayo walaaltinimo, saaxiibtinimo iyo xiriir wanaagsan inay yeeshaan iyo inuu isagu yahay Boqorkii Geeska Afrika, gaalada Afrika duulaanka ku ahna col la yahay oo hortaagan yahay; waraaqdaasna wuxuu u sii dhiibey laba nin oo Soomaali ah, oo la kala oran jirey Shariif Daahir iyo Xaashi Aadan Barre.

Nimankaasi markay Xaruntii Daraawiishta warqaddii geeyeen, si wanaagsan oo kalgacaltooyo leh ayaa loo soo dhoweeyey, kaddibna waxa lagu daray oo sii raacay Daraawiishka la oran jirey Xaaji Firxad iyo nin kale; waxaana Boqorkii hadiyad ahaan loogu sii dhiibey saddex faras oo Nugaali ah, Daraawiishtuna u tiqiin Dab-la-tuuray, Layr iyo Tooxyare oo fardihii Daraawiishta laga xulay. Xaaji Firxad waxa soo raacay Xabashi la oran jiray Aglebi ee Xarunta wakiil uga ahaa Xabashida; ka dibna ciidammada Ingiriiska ayaa ku diley Waw 1920kii.

Xiriirkii halkaa ka bilawday daraaddii ayaa lagu keenay farsamayaqaankii Jarmalka ahaa xirribtii ninkaas lagu keenayna waxay ahayd boqorka Xabashida oo markaas Daraawiish gargaarayey ayaa la hadlay danjirihii Jarmalka Harar u fadhiyey oo wuxuu weydiistey in nimankaa Daraawiishta ah ee Ingiriis la xarbiyaaya la gargaaro, dabadeedna wuxuu ka ballan qaaday inuu si dedaal leh ugu soo diri doono nin farsamayaqaan ah ama farsama-dhaari ah oo Daraawiishta saanadda u sameeya xagga dagaalkana kala taliya, maxaa yeelay Jarmalku markaas wuxuu dagaal kula jirey Ingiriiska iyo dawladehey isbahaystay. Muddo ka dibna wuxuu soo diray nin Jarmal ah oo banaadiikhda sameeya rasaastana shuba oo magaciisa la oran jirey Emil Karish, waxa la weriyey markaa ka hor wuxuu joogey Jabuuti oo looga yeeray. Ninkaasi isagoo konton awr u raran tahay ugu yaraanna boqol askari oo Xabashi la socoto ayaa la keenay xaruntii Khaliif madaxda ka ahaa oo markaas ahayd Hangoollaxun, ka dibna waxa loo qalqaaliyey 200 oo nin oo jid mariya oo xaruntii iyo Taleex geeya, waxaana lagula ballamay in ay nabad-gelyadiisa u feejigaadaan, maxaa yeelay waxa aad looga cabsi qabay in Ingiriisku col u soo diro oo ninkaa dhexda ka qabto ama dilo isagoo ujeeddadiisu tahay inuu waxtarka uu Daraawiish u geysanaayo kala tuuro. Hase ahaatee nabadgelyo ayuu Taleex ku tegey, ka dibna laba sano iyo dheeraad ayuu Daraawiish u shaqaynayey oo rasaasta u shubaayey.

Muddo ka dib wuxuu Sayidka weydiistey in loo oggolaado inuu dhulkiisii u kaco, hase ahaatee lagama yeelin. Markuu falaadkii iyo maamulkii Daraawiish joogey arkay, wuxuu goostay inuu xarunta ka baxsado.

Sheeko aan goobjoog loo ahayn waxaannu ku maqalnay, markuu juqraafigii dalka eegay waxa bad ugu dhowaatay xeebta Maakhirkoos Laasqoray dabadeedna habeen buu Taleex ka gudey isaga iyo nin u shaqayn jney, Ceelka Buraan intaanu gaarin ayuu dhanqalmay, halkaasuuna ku dhintay.

SHIMBIBIRIS

Dagaalkii Ruuga markii laga soo noqday ayaa Daraawiishtii tala waxay ku gaartay in Ceelka Shimbibiris oo hilaadda 28 mayl magaalada Burco u jira, laba qalcadood oo dagaal laga dhiso, Daraawiish xoog lehna la fadhiisiyo, dabadeedna dab dheer la dhiso, gaaladana dhuunta loo galo. Maxaa yeelay Shimbibiris waxay xeebta u jirtaa hilaadda 160 mayl oo keliya. Intaasina Daraawiish waxay u ahayd galab carraabe. Iyadoo ujeeddadu tahay taladaa xarunta ka soo baxday in la fuliyo ayaa waxa la diray 600 oo Darwiish, waxana lagula ballamay inay Shimbibiris dhisaan. Dabadeedna ceelkaa waxay ka dhiseen 3 Qalcadood oo dagaal.

Haddii aynu tilmaan gaaban ka bixinno, ceelka Shimbibiris wuxuu ku yaal jeex laba buurood dhexdood ah. Jeexa meesha laga soo galo labadiisa barbar ayaa Daraawiishtu ka dhistay laba daarood, midna buurta guudkeeda, kore buurtaas oo dhulka ka korraysa, kun cagood. Taasna waxa looga jeedey in la cabsi geliyo taliska gumeysiga iyo dadka raacsan. Dabadeedna Ingiriisku wuxuu u tabaabusheystey si uu Daraawiish meesha uga kiciyo.

17kii Nofembar 1914kii ayaa col Ingiriis ah oo uu wato Gaashaanle Ingiriis ahi Burco ka soo duuley isagoo amar ku qaba inuu ceelkaas qabsado, cabsi weynna Daraawiishtu kama qabin, hase ahaatee, Ingiriisku wuxuu qabay ninkii Daraawiish la dagaal galaa inaanu nabadgelyo ku soo noqonayn, waxaba jirtey in uu dhimasho ku tala galo.

[Dagaalkii Shimbibiris]

Daraawiishi waa ka war haysey inuu colkaasi ku soo socdo. Xoolihii waa qaxsadeen; ciidankoodii, wareegadii, biyihii iyo xaabadiina waa meelaysteen. Sebtembar 1914kii ayaa colkii Ingiriiska qalcaddii Shimbibiris weerar ku qaaday. Daraawiishi gaashaankay u qabatay, 11 saac markii dagaalkii socdey oo cadawgii qalcaddii geli waayey, waxna ka tari waayey ayuu ka tegey. Hase ahaatee galabtii ayuu gadaal ugu soo noqday, hase ahaatee si xun baa loogu laayey, gaalkii colka Ingiriiska wateyna waa la diley.

Daraawiishi kolkii colkii cadawgu dul fariistay oo ka tegi waayey, ciidan bay dirsadeen. Colka Ingiriiska wuxuu u dul fariistay markuu ogaaday inaan Daraawiishta qalcadda Shimbibiris loogu geli karayn, si looga saaraana ay adag tahay, ayay waxay weydiisteen saldhigga ciidanka Ingiriiska ee Cadmeed bamka daaraha lagu qarxiyo iyo rag yaqaan sida wax loo qarxiyo, si mar labaad laysugu dayo qalcadahaas.

Daraawiishi taladaa Ingiriisku damacsan yahay iyo tallaabooyinka uu qaadayo, waxba kama ogeyn. Meeshooda ayey ka caytamayeen oo waxay lahaayeen, “Gaalo qudhunley, qiiq ma kaa karay.” Hase ahaatee bishii Febraayo 1915kii, ayaa colkii Ingiriisku mar labaad Shimbibiris galay, labadii qalcadood oo hoosena digada ka dhigay markii lagu aasay bamkii Cadan laga keenay, Daraawiishtii ka dagaallamayseyna wax yar baa ka fiigey. Taasi waxay ahayd dhaawac weyn oo Daraawiish gaarey, gaar ahaan dhinaca siyaasadda, iyo raggii halkaas lagaga laayey ama meeshii malkada ahayd oo laga qabsaday. Hase ahaatee, maxaa ka dambeeyey?

[Shimbibiris oo cadowgii dumiyey]

GUBIDDII BERBERA

Mar laga joogo laba bilood dagaalkii Shimbibiris qalcadihii ka dhisnaana la burburiyey ayaa xaruntii waxa laga diray 40 nin oo Daraawiish laga xulay, dedaal iyo kartina loo og yahay oo wata 40 senge oo waab-ku-jir ah, madaxna uu ka yahay Xaaji Mursal Aw Saacid. Waxa lagula ballamay inay Berbera xabbadeeyaan hadday u suura gashana gubaan si ay Ingiriiska cabsi iyo argagax ugu ridaan.

Bishii Maarso 7 ilaa 8, 1915kii ayaa 40kaa nin tageen fedada Cillaan Bidoole, xogtooda ninna uma sheegin, cidna isma tusin markay halkaa ku hilib qasheen, fardihiina ku waraabsadeen ayay ka ambabaxeen; waxaana dalyaqaan u ahaa Darwiishka la oran jirey Seeraar Shawe. Markii ay gudbeen dhulka bannaan oo dhan oo cidla ahaa oo buuraha dhex galeen ayay waxay ka war heleen in waddadii ay mari lahaayeen, degmo xoog leh oo col u ah ama Ingiriiska raacsanayd gubban tahay, tan labaad, waddada ay inay maraan ku tala jiraan waa ciriiri dhagax ah oo aanay farduhu mari karin, dabadeedna waxa galay walaac. Hase ahaatee casarkii dambay ku tashadeen inay tawakal habeennimo ku dhaafaan, waxayna ku heshiiyeen in ay dadka dhulkaa deggan, wixii ay arkaan ku yiraahdaan, “Daraawiish baannu ka nimi oo nabad baannu wadnaa, gaalka iyo odayaasha Berbera fadhiyaanu is-arkaynaa iyagaannu ku soconnaa.”

Kani waa gabay yar oo uu mariyey Ismaaciil Mire oo raggaa ka mid ahaa, markii walaac galay, isagoo saaxiibbadiis ku dhiirri gelinaya marista waddadaa, wuxuuna yiri:

Nin wahsaday Wacaysow ma helo war iyo liibaane
Nimankaa waddada joogsadee laga wayiigaayo
Ee siday wax dilayaan qalbiga inaka waansheegey
Wallaahaan ku dhaartaye naagahaa igala waaweyne
Waddadaan ku diifaynhayaa walahsayow boode
Walaabiga dhashiisa fardaha loo wanaagsadaye
Waagoo guduutaa Berbera lagu waraayaaye
Rabbi wuxuu ka qaybshaba walle wegeredkuu giijey.

Habeenkii bisha Maarso 11da ahayd, 1915kii, subaxdiisii ayay waddadii Murriyey mareen, habeenkii guurey ahaayeen. Maalintii dambe oo dhanna boqoole. Habeenkii waa dhaxeen ay bishu ahayd 12 iyo 13ka, gelinkiisii dambe, markii ooggu istaagay ayay Berbera rasaaseeyeen kaddibna ka jeedladeen oo waxay mareen xeebta Bari dadna waxay ku laayeen Biyaguure. Taasi Ingiriiskii waxay ku noqotay la yaab iyo fajaciso, waxayna ku kalliftey dhibaato ku saabsan xagga nabadgelyada; magaaladaa dad badan baana ka cararay oo Cadan u dhoofay.

40kii nin nabad bay ku soo noqdeen nin faras la oran jirey Dhaayane ku joogey oo faraskii tufay, dabadeedna isagoo lug ah lagu diley Negeegir maahee.

XIRIIRKII DARAAWIISHTA IYO TURKIGA

Intaan gumeysiga reer galbeed arlada iman ka hor, dadka Soomaalidu waxay qabeen in dawladda Turkiya ay tahay tan adduunka ugu xoog weyn, diinta Islaamka iyo dadka Muslinka ahna wakiil u tahay, cadawga inay ka celiso sharafkiisana ilaaliso, xaq u leedahay oo aan ninna kula doodi karin.

Haddaba markii gumeysigu dalka Soomaaliya gees walba kaga soo duuley, dadka badankiisiina xaggooda u iishay si ay xoolo iyo xulquun uga helaan, Daraawiish dagaalkii waa kululaaday ka dibna waxay isyiraahdeen, “Xaggee Muslin idiinku dhow? Xaggeese garab iyo gaashaan ka heshaan?”

1915kii Sayidkii waraaq buu u diray wakiilkii dawladda Turkiya Laxaj u fadhiyey, waraaqdaas oo uu ku leeyahay kufri baa noo xoog sheegtay ee noo hiiliya. Wakiilkii markuu dawladdiisii arrintii kala tashaday waraaq buu u soo celiyey uu ku leeyahay ergo noo soo dir; dabadeedna waxa loo diray Axmed Shirwac Jaamac, kaasoo heshiis magangelyo iyo isbahaysi ku siman la soo dhammeeyey. Ingiriiska iyo Talyaanigu waxay heshiis ku ahaayeen in Sayidka laga ilaaliyo inuu dawlad kale xiriir la yeesho. 1917kii ayaa Talyaanigu Ingiriiska waraaq u diray uu ku leeyahay waxaannu ogaannay in Wadaadkii dawladda Turkiga xiriir la leeyahay, waxa habboon in taa wax laga qabto.
Waraaqdii heshiiska ay ku oggolaadeen iyo jawaabtii lagu aqbala waa kuwa kan:

[]

[Ferro e Fuoco in Somalia, da Francesco Saverio Caroselli, Roma 1951; p. 224.]

[]

Abbaaiaha 1916kii ayaa dawladda Turkiga xaruntii waxay u soo dirtay nin la-taliye ah oo magaciisa la oran jirey Axmed Cali, gadaalkiina waxa lagu diley Badweyn isaga iyo Xaaji Tamiinlaaye, waxana diley ciidammadii Ingiriiska. Waxa jirtey qasiido Carabi ah oo Sayidku ku ammaanay boqorkii Turkiga, Ingiriisna ku ceebaynayo, markuu heshiiskaasi dhacay; qasiidadiina waa taa:

[]

Waxaan horay u soo sheegnay in markii Daraawiishi saldhigtay ee Taleex la degey Daraawiishitu aad bey ugu fidday arlada Nugaal woqooyi ka xigta, gaar ahaan dhulka Ceerigaabo iyo inta raacsan. Wada deggaas iyo is dhexgalkaas waxaa ka dhashay sidii xilligii markaa la joogey ahaa dhac iyo duulaamo iyo xoolo la kala qaado iyo tahluukooyin fara badan, sida gabayada iyo hadallada Sayidka laga garan karo. Ma jeclayn raallina kama ahayn in xumaani dhex marto dadka halkaa deggan degmooyinka halkaa degganna aan wax dhibaato ah loo geysan, maxaa wacay wuxuu doonaayey inuu dadkaa Daraawiish ka dhigo kalsooni weynna waa ku qabey, abaaraha 1917kii horraantiisii Sayidku waraaq buu u diray, madaxdii dadka dhulkaa deggan. Ergo arlada nabad iyo degganaan ugu baaqdana waa ka daba diray.

Waxaynu oran karnaa taa guul buu ka gaarey, waxa marag u ah Daraawiishi hal sano kaddib waxaa xaruntii loo raray Ceerigaabo, siduu Ingiriisku ku warramay iyadoo dagaallo dheceen ayaa kuwa Ingiriiska wax la hayey waraaqdii u geeyeen Sayidka diray. Dawladda Ingiriisku markii loo keenay fikrad weyn bey ka qaadatay, waraaqdii oo af Carabi laga soo tarjamay waa tan:

Thanks be to God, prayers and salutations to the Prophet. This message is being sent by the poor man of God, Mohamed bin Abdulla, to the tribe Rer Hamood bin Osman, all, especially to Haroun bin Ahmed, Yussuf bin Deria, Mohamed bin Ahmed, Mahamoud bin Farah, Mohammed bin Mahamoud, Ismail bin Guleid, Abdi bin Jama, Salih bin Ali and his brother Farah, Arraleh bin Warsama, Fod bin Ahmed, and all their wise men.
The object of this letter is twofold. One is to give you salaam; may God’s mercy, blessing and salaams be upon you; and the other is to inform you that you are oppressed from all sides. I mean from the side of the Warsangeli, the Dolbahanta, the infidels and the hypocrites, and the Dervishes; may God sympathise with you and give you good patience and make Heaven your dwelling-place.
I also inform you that it is no offence in you to fight the infidels and hypocrites, for fighting them is the duty of every Moslem. You tire Moslems, and they are infidels, and it is not good to repent of annoying the infidels. And regarding the Dervishes, there is no blame to you, but all the blame is on the Dervishes, as they have looted and killed their brothers, and everyone will see the punishment of his ill-deeds in this or in the Resurrection. For God has said, if anyone kills a Moslem intentionally, his punishment will be hell, to remain in it for ever; and God’s anger and curse and a great rack will be for him. But l inform you, oh, my brothers, and my heart’s children, that I am aloof from anyone who ever annoys you; by God I am, by God I am, by God I am. The great God does not like those who annoy you, and I always preach that God will destroy those who oppress our brothers, the Rer Hamood, and I pray the Almighty to destroy those who looted you. And this is a thing well known.
I also inform you that I am a pilgrim and a holy fighter and have no wish to gain power and greatness in this morld, neither am I of the Dolbahanta, the Warsangeli, the Mijjertein, nor the Ogoden. And I am not of the hypocrates, l am a Dervish, hoping for God’s mercy and consent and forgiveness and guidance, and I desire that all the country and the Moslems may be victorious by God’s garace. But I am a poor man, and have no devout men with me except a few, one or two or three persons, and the remainder of the people who are with us are oppressors. May God defend us against the oppression, jealousy, enmity and deceit of all oppressive, jealous, hostile, and deceitful people.
And now, oh, my brothers, this is a time of patience, this is a time of oppression, this is a time in which corruption and adultery spread, this is a time in which the infidels defeat the Moslems, this is a time in which your brother deceives you, it is a time in which your friend kills you, it is a time in which your companion loots you, and its a time in which the learned men do serve the Christains. This is the end of all things. May God guide us, may God guide us, may God guide us. May God prosper our ends, may God prosper our ends, for the Prophet and his companions.
Oh, my brothers, be patient, and Satan and his friends will not mislead you. Regret not what you have lost, for God will compensate you fully in this world or in the Resurrection, or both. I also beg you that I may be with you, yourselves may also be with me, and the first thing should be a visit between us.
Surely I have regretted the friendship of the hypocrites, and the friendship of the Dolbahanta, and I know that if I alone had fought the Christains I would have defeated them in one hour, and if you and I together had fought them we would have defeated them, and if I fought others also, namely, the Dolbahanta, I would have defeated them. But the difficulty is with the Dolbahanta, as their conscience is not clear and their hearts are not directed towards their God, with the exception of a few men. Even as God said: ‘But few of my servants are grateful.’ This is my message, and my word is to inform you that everybody who has looted you has suffered in consequence of my prayers, for some of them have died, some have become infidels, and some have become weak.

From your brother
Mohammed Bin Abdulla

Waraaqdaas waxa af Soomaali loogu tarjami karaa sida tan:

Mahad Ilaah baa iska leh, naxariis iyo nabadgelyana Nebiga korkiisa ha ahaato. Farriintan waxaa soo diray miskiinkii Ilaahay, Maxamad Cabdulle Xasan, oo u diraya qabiilka reer Xaamud Cismaan dhammaantood, siiba Haaruun Axmed, Yuusuf Diiriye, Maxamed Axmed, Maxamuud Faarax, Maxamed Maxamuud, Ismaaciil Guuleed, Cabdi Jaamac, Saalax Cali iyo walaalkiis Faarax, Carraale Warsame, Food Axmed iyo idil raggooda waxgaradka ah.
Ujeeddada waraaqdani waa labo arrimood: Midda hore waa salaan, Ilaahay naxariistiisa, barakadiisa iyo nabadgelyadiisu korkiinna ha ahaato. Tan kale waxaan ogahay in dhan walba laydinka dulmiyey; waxaan taa ula jeedaa dhanka Warsangeli, Dhulbahante, Gaalada, doxoreyaasha iyo Daraawiishtaba. Ilaahay ha idin la jiro, samir wacan ha idin siiyo, jannadana hoygiinna ha ka dhigo.
Waxaan kaloo idin ogeysiinayaa inayan dembi idinku ahayn la-dagaallanka gaalada iyo doxoreyaasha ee uu yahay waajib qof kasta oo Muslim ah dusha ka saaran. Muslin baad tihiin, iyana waa gaalo; markaas ma fiicna inaad ka waabataan. Tan ku saabsan Daraawiishta, idinku dhib ma geysan, ha yeeshee Daraawiishta oo dhan ayaa eeddaas iska leh, sida ay u dheceen, una dileen walaalahood, qof kastaana xumaanta uu falay ifka ama aakhiro ayuu abaalkeeda heli doonaa. Ilaahay wuxuu yiri, “Haddii qof Muslin ah qof ulakac u dilo, ciqaabtiisu waa cadaabta oo lagu waariyo, iyadoo ay sugayaan nacaladda iyo carrada weyn ee Ilaahay!”
Ha yeeshee waxaan idin ogeysiinayaa, kuwii aan jeclaayow, inaan ka calool xumahay cid kasta oo idin qulquladaysa, taasina wayga run oo wallaahiya. Ilaaha weyni ma jecla kuwa idin qulquladeeya, aniguna waxaan weligey wacdigayga ku sheegaa in Ilaah baabbi’in doono kuwa walaalahood reer Xaamud dulmiya. Eebbe weyne waxaan ka baryayaa inuu baabbi’iyo kuwa idin dhacay, taasina waa wax la og yahay.
Waxaan kale oon idin ogeysiinayaa inaan ahay nin weli dagaallamaya oo aan ku dooneyn derejo iyo weynaan adduunyadaan ah. Ma ihi Dhulbahanta oo Warsengeli ma ihi, Majeerteenna ma ihi, Ogaadeenna ma ihi. Ma aan ihi beenaale. Waxaan ahay Darwiish naxariis ka sugaya Ilaahay, aqbal dembidhaaf iyo hanuun. Waxaan, idanka Ilaahay, rabaa in adduunka oo dhan ay Muslimiintu ku guuleystaan, hase ahaatee waxaan ahay nin miskiin ah, mana haysto, in yar mooyee, rag daacad ah. Labo saddex qof mooyee inta hadhay ee i wehelisaa waa dad dulmifalyaal ah!
Ilaahay ha inaga jiro dulmiga, Ilaahay ha inaga ilaaliyo dulmiga, xaasidka, colaadda, khiyaamada, hinaasaha iyo dadka sirta ku dhaqma.
Walaalayaal, ammintu waa ammintii samirka, waa waqtigii dulmiga, waa waqti ay musuqmaasuqa iyo sinadu faafeen, waa waqti ay gaaladii Muslinkii jebiyeen, waa waqti walaalkaa ku sirayo, waa waqti saaxiibkaa ku gawracayo, waa waqti jaalkaa ku dhacayo, waana waqti culimadii ay kufriga u adeegeyso.
Waa aakhir sebene, Rabbi ha ina hago! Rabbi ha ina hago! Rabbi ha ina hago! Ilaahay aakhirka ha ina baraareeyo! Ilaahay aakhirka ha inagu baraareeyo, Nabigii iyo intii raacday.
Haa, walaalayaal, samir yeesha, shaydaanka iyo saaxiibbadiisuna yaanay idin duufsan! Ha ka qoomamaynina wixii idin ka lumay, maxaa yeelay Ilaahay baa kulli idiin soo magdhebaya ifka iyo aakhiraba. Waxaan kaloo idin ka baryayaa inay laabaheennu wada jiraan oo aynu isgarabsanno, ta u horraysana waa inaynu is-arag yeelannaa.
Runtii waan ka qoomameeyey la-saaxiibkii doxoreyaasha iyo Dhulbahante, haddeerna waxaan hubaa haddii aan keligey la dagaallamo gaalada inaan saacad qur ah ku jebin lahaa, haddii idinka iyo anigu aan la dagaallannana inaan jebin lahayn. Haddii aan la dagaallamo kuwa kale, siiba Dhulbahante in aan ka adkaan lahaa. Dhibaatadu waa kuwaas, maxaa yeelay garashadoodu ma cadda, qalbigooduna uma jeedo xagga Ilaahood, marka laga reebo rag yar.
Ilaahay baa Qur’aankiisa ku yiri, “Addoomahayga in yar baa ii mahad naqa!” Waxaan idiin sheegayaa qofkii idin dhacayba inuu ku silcay kuhaanka habaarkayga oo ay qaarkoodba dhinteen, qaar kale gaaloobey, qaar kalena taag iyo tabarba gabeen.

Walaalkiin
Maxamed Cabdulle Xasan

QABIIL IYO DARAAWIISH

Iyadoo Daraawiishi Ingiriis, Talyaani, iyo Xabashi iyo dadkii raacsanaa dagaalka kula jirtey ayaa waxa dagaal dhabarka kaga dhiftay oo ugu gacan qaaday saddex col oo qabiil ku dhisan. Waxana dantooda guud ahayd:

Inay taliskooda gaarka ah ilaaliyaan, gaaladana xiriir la yeeshaan.

Wexey duleedintaasi kaalmo weyn u noqotay danihii gumeysiga. Saddexdaas col midkood ka imanaayey Bari iyo Boqor Cismaan loona yiqiin Garcas, hubka ay wataanna ahaa shanle dheere iyo lixle aan saanadda loo waayin oo Talyaanigu siiyey oo col weyne, gaade iyo qawle dirkaba lahaa, oo habeen iyo dharaar Daraawiish kansho u diidey. Xoolahay Daraawiish ka dhaceenna lama qiyaasi karo. Hase yeeshee, waxa xusuus leh saddex raysin oo geel ah oo tirada ku kala darnaa, Daraawiishna gumaro u ahaa:

1) Geela la baxay Miinanle, tiradiisana lagu sheegay 40000 oo halaad oo laga qaaday Iyax 1916kii, dagaalna aanu ka dhicin. Geelaas xagga bari waxa looga yaqaan Soodadab. Wiilkii geelaas ka saami galay ee gabadha la heesay wuxuu yidhi:

Naa Soodadab sidii loo helay,
Dab aan soo fadhiistiyo,
Dagagar maygu aragteen?

Hase ahaatee geelaas gadaalkii dambe waa la eeday, maxaa yeelay 3 col oo kala daran ayaa Daraawiishi ka daba geysey, sidaan gadaal ku soo sheegi doonno.

2) Geela la baxay Haylaawe oo tiradiisa lagu sheegay 20000 oo halaad, lagana qaaday Qawlo iyo geedka Haylaawe inta u dhaxaysa, dagaalna aanu ka dhicin.

3) Geela la baxay Gondadhiigle oo Dhooddi iyo Xaysimo laga qaaday, hase ahaatee, in kastoo rag badani labada geesoodba ka dhimatay ugu dambaystii Daraawiishi geelaa soo dhacsatay.

Nimankaas oo habeen iyo dharaar colkoodii dami waayey qawlahoodiina joogsan waayey oo hadba si lama filaan ah xoolaha dariiqada u weerarayey, gaade iyo bareeraba, ayaa qaati billaahi Daraawiishtu ka joogsatay.

In kastoo Daraawiishi gaashaanka u qabatay oo dhawr col oo kala daranna ku saartay, oo laga tilmaami karo 3 guuto oo lagu kala magacaabay Casardega, Isumara iyo Lufato. Kan u horreeya waxa madax u ahaa Xaashi-Gaabane, kan labaadna Caamir-Cagoole, waana colka Haashira gebagebaha dhigay ee bixiyey “Barbar celisoy baday lagu baray,” “Miinanley cuntee madax u ballaari.” Sida la weriyey colkaasi wax noolna kama iman, iyagana wax nooli kama soo noqon.

Colka labaad ee Daraawiish kaga imaanayey dhinaca waqooyi Warsangeli oo Maxamuud Cali Shire madax u ahaa, Ingiriiskana dab iyo rasaas ka soo qaatay oo intay Calaha u fuuleen Daraawiish nag ka dhigay duunyadiina ka dhacay kaasina Daraawiish waxyeello weyn buu u geystay. In kastoo iyagana markii dambe lagu saaray guutada la baxday Rasan oo nabarro xun loo geystey, guutadaas oo buuraha ka dhaadhacday oo xeebta magaalada Laasqoray gashay dad iyo duunyo wixii dhulkaa joogeyna gacanta ku dhigtay; hase ahaatee iyagana markab xarbi ah oo Ingiriis leeyahay badda kanooni kala dhacay oo si xun ugu galay, rag badanna ka laayey,

Haddaba labadaas col oo boqortooyo qabiil ku dhisan huwanaa, Ingiriiska iyo Talyaanigu hub iyo xoolaba ku gargaarayeen gacan xoog lehna siinaayey ayaa Daraawiish lugta dambe jiidey, waxana hubaal ah hadday dadka kale ka nabad galaan, gaar ahaan labadaas qolo oo aan soo sheegnay inaan gumeysigu waxba ka tareen; waxayna la mid noqdeen, geedkii yiri: “Godinteereey gobolkay baa kugu jira e ima goyseen!”

Waxaan dhawaan soo xusnay in Sayid Maxamad, xiriir saaxiibtinnimo iyo isbahaysi la yeeshay boqorkii Xabashida Lig Yaasuu iyo dowladda Turkiga, heshiisyana la dhigtay, taa Ingiriisku markuu ogaadey Sayidku waa ku dhaliilay, 1917kii waraaq buu u diray oo wuxuu yiri: “Waa itaal darayseen waxaana marag u ah Xabashida iyo dawladda Turkiga baad la heshiiseen oo hiil iyo gargaar weydiisateen, waxaad dooneysaa inaad ciidan aad dowladda Ingiriis kula dagaallanto ka hesho.” Sayidku waraaq buu ugu jawaabay oo wuxuu ku yiri, “Adigaa waxaa yaqaan oo ku shaqeysta oo dadyow dhul kala duwan ku nool soo arursaday, oo Daraawiish oo soo kaxaystay adiga ayaa dadka xaabada ah iyo dhillooyinka ciidan mooda. Waraaqdii Sayidku Ingiriiska u diray oo Af Carabi laga soo tarjamey waa tan:

[The Mad Mullah of Somaliland, by Douglas Jardine, O.B.E. (Secretary to the Administration, Somaliland, 1916-21) First Edition; London 1923; p. 249.]

Enclose to despatch, Secret of 15th April 1917.
I have received the last letter from the British Camp.
In this letter there is one noteworthy remark, viz. a reference asking what Ali Kenadid has done to the Dervishes and also what Ina Ali Shireeh has done to the Dervishes, and also what Sultan Osman Mohamed has done to the Dervishes.
“In that letter it was suggested that we were in communicaion with Lij Yasu and had dealings with the Germans and the Sultan of Turkey; that feeling weak we required assistance. The suggestion in your letter is that if we were strong people we should not have had recourse to such friendships. This is the outstanding feature of the letter, and now for the reply. I tell you, you fool, by now you will know what I have done to the Mijertein and the Warsangli, and you know, and I know, what the Turks have done to you and what the Germans have done to you, you of the British Government. The suggestion is that I was weak and had to look outside for friends; and if, indeed, this were true and I had to look for assistance, it is only because of the British, and the trouble you have given me. It is you who have joined with all the peoples of the world, with harlots, with wastrels, and with slaves, just because you are so weak. But if you were strong you would have stood by yourself as we do independent and free. It is a sign of your weakness, this alliance of yours with Somalis Jiberti (Mogadishu people and sweepers), and Arabs, and Sudanese, and Kaffirs, and Perverts, and Yemenis and Nubis and Indians and Baluchis, and French and Russians and Americans and Italians and Serbians, and Portuguese and Japanese and Greeks and Cannibals, and Sikhs and Banias and Moors and Afghans and Egyptians. They are strong, and it is because of your weakness you have had to solicit as does a prostitute. So much for my answer to you. Beyond this I would say one word. If your people have sense, and you desire peace, think deeply and pour water where you have raised fire: and arrive at a mutually satisfactory agreement and open all the seaports to me. If you harken to my word, let caravans pass. That is one thing. Again, there is an Arab, ibn Durmoon by name, from whom, when I was in Berbera, I took coffee valued at 80 rupees. So now I send for ibn Durmoon by the hand of my two messengers 200 skins. Finish.”

(Seal) “Seyid Mohamed Bin Abdulla Hassan
The Dervish”

Dhambaalkii ku jirey Boostada Sirta ah, ee I5kii Abriil 1917.
Waxaan ka helay xarunta Ingiriiska warqaddii ugu dambeysey.
Warqaddaa waxa ku qoran arrin qudh ah oo ka faallood leh, taas oo ah, dood oraneysa waxa Cali Keenadiid, Ina Cali Shire iyo Suldaan Cismaan Maxamuud, Daraawiishta ay u geysteen.
“Waraaqdaadii waxaad ku soo qaadday inaanu xiriir la leennahay Liji Yaasuu iyo Jarmal iyo Suldaanka Turkiga oo aannu kaalmo weydiisannay iyadoo taagdarro ay noogu wacan tahay. Waxa warqaddaada ka dhadhamaysa inaad qabto in aanan saaxiibnimada dadyowgaas raadinneen haddii aan xoog leenahay. Taasi waa astaanta weyn ee xaashidaadii, haddana jawaabtaadii waa tan:
Waxaan ku leeyahay, waxyohow nacaska ahi, waad og tahay hadda waxa aan Warsengeli iyo Majeerteen u geystey. Adna waad og tahay anna waan ogahay haddaad dawladda Ingiriis tihiin waxay Jarmal iyo Turkigu idinku markadeen. Ra’yigaagu wuxuu ahaa inaan taagdarrahay oo saaxiibbo dibadda u raadsaday, haddii ay taasi dhab tahay oo ay jirto waxa taa i geyeysiiyey Ingiriiska oo dhibaatooyin ii geystey. Adiga weeye kan xiriirka la samaystay ee hiilka weydiistey dadyowga adduunka oo idil, dhillooyinka iyo addoontaba, taasna waxa kuu geeyey tabar xumo. Haddii aad xoog lahaan lahayd, keligaa ayaad wax qabsan lahayd sidaydoo kale. Taagdarridaada ayey astaan u tahay gaashaanbuursiga aad bahaysatay Soomaalida, Jabartiga (dadka reer Muqdisho iyo dhulfiiqayaasha), Carabta, Suudaanta, Kaafiriinta, Yamanta, Nuubiyiinta, Hindiga, Baaruujiga, Faransiiska, Ruushka, Maraykanka, Talyaaniga, Seerbiyaanka, Burtuqaalka, Jabbaanka, Giriigga, Kaanibaalka (Dadqalatada), Siikha, Baarniyaaska, Muuriyiinta, Afqaanka iyo Masaarida. Kuwaasi xoog bey leeyihiin adiguna taageeriddaada darteed, ayaad sida dhilladu yeesho u soo sasabatay. Waa taas jawaabtaadii, eray baase ii dheer. Haddii ay dadkaaga garasho leeyihiin, adiguse aad dhab ahaan nabad dooneyso, dabkii aad ololisey waa inaad bakhtiisaa oo aad la timaadaa heshiis inna wada kulmiya oo caqli gal ah, dekedaha oo idilna waa inaad ii furtaa. Haddii dhego kuu daloolaan oo aad wax maqleysid, safarradu ha socdeene faraha ka qaad. Taasi waa mid. Midda kale waxa jira nin Carab ah oo magaciisa la yiraahdo Ibna Durmuun oo markii aan Berbera joogey aan ka qabay qaxwe aan u soo diray laba nin oo ugu soo dhiibay 200 oo harag; u daa hargahaas ha qaatee.”

Sayid Maxamed bin Cabdilla Xasan
oo Darwiish ah.

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