Qaybta Shanaad

Qaybta shanaad waxay ka warramaysaa, Hiyikicii Daraawiishtu Caal u guurtay, rariddii Xarunta, duullaankii Ingiriiska, weerarkii cirka, dhulka, badda, qabashadii Taleex, qaxii Daraawiishta, waraaq Ingiriis ka timid, jawaabtii Sayidka, erga Ingiriisku soo diray, noqoshadii ergada, Talyaani iyo Sayid Maxamad, jabiddii Daraawiishta, qabsashadii Beledweyne, degiddii Iimey, geeridii Sayidka, kasaariddii Xabaasha, sheekadii Daraawiish ugu dambeysey iyo faalla guud iyo waxyaalo kaloo la xiriira.

HIYIKACII DARAAWIISHTA

Daraawiishi xagga dalka iyo xagga degmadaba Nugaal baa sal u ahayd arladana waa ugu jeclaayeen, maxaa yeelay waa dhulkay ka bilaabatay kuna barbaartay. Heshiiskii Ilig lagu kala qortay 1905tii wuxuu dhigaayey in dalka Nugaal loo yaqaan degmo iyo daaqba Daraawiishi leedahay, oo loo aqoonsado. Sidaa daraaddeed ayaa waxa la gartay in xarunta Taleex oo Nugaal bartamaheeda ah laga dhigo. Sida gabayadii Sayidka iyo sheekooyinka Daraawiishta ka muuqata hiyiga kuma hayn in ay meel kale uga guuraan, ama ka rug doorsadaan; arrimahey ku doorteenna waxa ka mid ahaa:
1. Sida badan haddii abaari dhacdo waa dal aan biyo iyo baad midna laga waayin oo xooluhu sida badan ku dhaqaaloobaan.
2. Waa meel Badweynta Hindiya iyo Badyarada Cadmeed u dhaxaysa, markii dhinaca bari, galbeed, koonfur iyo waqooyiba loo eego bartame u ah, gees walbana looga duuli karo, cadawgana lagala dagaallami karo.
3. In kastoo markii dambe dad badani xaruntii isugu tegey haddana Daraawiishta xooggeedu wuxuu u badnaa dadkii Nugaal degi jirey.

Arrimaha aan soo sheegnay iyo kuwo kale oo danahoodaa ayaa Nugaal degiddeedu ay lagama maarmaan u noqotay Daraawiishina waa mahadisay; waana dal xagga beeraha iyo xoolaha daaqoodaba ku fiican. magaalooyinkana looga safri karaa dhinac kastaba.
Iyadoo Daraawiishi Nugaal deggan tahay, ayaa dar Ilaahay dhawr xilli oo isxiga deegaantii waxay u badatay dhinaca waqooyi, dabadeedna reer guuraagii wuxuu u batay gobolka haatan loo yaqaan Sanaag iyo Casha Ceerigaabo ku sariiran. Markaa ka horna waxa dhawr qalcadood oo dagaal Daraawiishtu ka dhistay Jiidali, Baran, Surrad iyo Gal-baribuur oo badda Xiis iyo Mayr laga ilaaliyo, qalcad walbana waxa fadhiyey ciidan Daraawiish ah oo Maarraweyn ka tirsan.

Sidaa daraaddeed, in kastoo xarunta weyni Taleex ahayd, haddana xoolihii iyo dadkiiba waxa loo batay dhanka waqooyi.

Rag Daraawiish ahaa oo aan la kulannay waxay yiraahdeen: Oogle Seed oo Sayid Maxamad abtigiis ahaa, wuxuu yiri: Iyadoo Taleex la deggan yahay, Beeydi iyo Barwaaqana lagu haysto, ayaan Sayid Maxamad saddex arrimood hoos ahaan ugula taliyey. Kuwaasoo sida loo maleynayo uu uga jeedey inuu Daraawiish jebiyo. Sayidkii halista ku jirta ma garan oo talooyinkaa waa yeelay. Daraawiishina waa ku jabtay.

Talooyinkaasuna waxay ahaayeen sida soo socota:
1. Sayidii safraha Berbera iyo dadka Ingiriiska ka imaanaya aan iska joojinno, maxaa yeelay, tahluukaa Daraawiish ugu jirta. Basaaska, ilaalada, tuugada, gaaddaha, colweyne Ingiriis iyo cadaw oo dhan baa inoogu soo gabbanaya.
2. Beeraha faliddooda aan dhaafno, maxaa yeelay, Daraawiishi waa xoolaley, oo haddii Nugaal beero laga falo xooluhu waa ka guurayaan. Haddii xooluhu inaga guuraanna Xaruntu cidley noqoneysaa.
3. Caamir Sheekh Xasan oo loo yiqiin Caamir Cagoole wuxuu ku talo jiraa inuu madaxnimada Xarunta kaa qaado, talada Daraawiishna la wareego. Haddaanan haddaa wax laga qabanna hadhow meel fog baa laga dooni.

Saddexdaa talaba Sayidkii waa la dhacay, oo waa iga yeelay safrihii waa la joojiyey, beerihiina waa la dhaafay, Caamirna waa la xujeeyey.

Xaruntii oo Taleex fadhiday ayaa waxa soo foodsaaray laba dhibaato oo kala daran:
1. Colweyne, gaade, qawle iyo tuugo aan damayn oo habeen iyo maalin isdhaafaya oo ka imanaya bari iyo dadkuu Boqor Cismaan u talinaayey; Talyaaniguna buntukhii Shanlaha ahaa iyo rasaas fara badan siiyey oo Daraawiish ku soo diray, taana Nugaal waa fadhiyi waayey, qaatina waa laga joogsaday oo geelii xarunta loo caanateeli jireyna waa dheceen.
2. Madaxda Daraawiishtu in badan bay maskaxda ku hayeen oo ku taahaayeen ama ku tala jireen inay xeebta Maakhirkoos meel marso ah ay dalka Carabta uga dhoofaan ama xiriir kala yeeshaan ka samaystaan, maxaa yeelay badda Hindiya waxtar weyn uma lahayn.

Labadaa arrimood oo aan soo sheegnay daraaddood ayaa guyaashii dambe oo dhan waxa la jeclaa in cal loo guuro, hase ahaatee waxa laga cabsi qabay haddii xarunta cal loo raro in Daraawiishta Nugaaleed iyo tan Koonfur iyo Xeebta Eyl fadhidaa kala fogaadaan.
Inkastoo taasi jirtay waxaa la soo qaaday afar talo, rag wuxuu yiri aan Ayl iyo IIig ku noqono. Ragna wuxuu yiri aan koonfur u guurro oo Daraawiishteena reer Webi ku biirro.
Ragna wuxuu yiri, aan Cali iyo Ceerigaabo u guurro, ragna wuxuu yiri, dhibaati kastaa hayna soo gaartee Nugaal yeynaan meelna ku doorsan.

Iyadoo arrintu sidaa tahay ayaa Aw Cabdulle Ibraahin oo Daraawiishta fadhida daarta la yiraahdo Cirshiida oo badda u jeedda madax ka ahaa xaruntii yimid. Haddii la waraystay wuxuu yiri, “Gaalo ka warramay oo Geeldooray soo degtey, Daraawiish ka warramay oo lo’dii wax lisa oo lula waa la waayey, subaggiina weelkii buu ka batay, daarihii buu ka batay. Dareen intaa ka weyn ma ogi.”

“Waar barwaaqo iyo subag arladii ka batay dareen ma ahee, maxaad og tahay?” Daraawiish baa tiri.

“Wixii xaddi-dhaafaaba Daraawiishey waa dareen ee sidaa maw og tihiin?” Habeenkaasaa xaruntii cal u hiyi kacday, dabadeedna waxa lagu tashaday in la guuro, hase ahaatee mar haddii Daraawiishtii reer beedaha ahayd waqooyi u badatay, xaruntii weyneydna hiyi kacday, waxa lagama maarmaan noqotay in degmooyinka dalkaa deggan wanaag iyo nabadgelyo laga helo. Taasna waxa loo baahday intaan xarunta la rarin in dadkaas loo sheego xaruntii inay soo guurayso, sidaas daraaddeed waxa la diray rag madax ah oo dalkaa iyo dadkaaba aqoon u leh, Sayidkuna wuxuu mariyey geeraar uu kula hadlaayey degmooyinka Garweyn. [Eeg Diiwaanka Gabayada Sayid Maxamad, Tuurwaayow Toban Hal.]

RARIDDII XARUNTA

1918kii bartamihiisii ayaa xaruntii Daraawiishtu Taleex ka guurtay. Afar geeddi iyo barqodeg hadday dhexda ku jirtey waxay saldhigtay Jiidali oo Qalcad dagaal ka dhisnayd, Daraawiishina fadhiday. Dhawr toddobaad ka dib ayaa waxa lagu taliyey, “Jiidali waa raq, waana meel bannaan ah oo aan gabbaad lahayn, arladuna waa arla colaadeed ee Xarunta Mirashi oo Jiidali 7 mayl u jirta, kana gabbaad roon ha loo raro”; dabadeedna halkaasaa kor loogu gurtay. Mirashi waa durdur buuro dhexdood ku yaal; waa meel cadawga lagaga gabban karaa, lagagana gaashaaman karaa, dagaalkana ku habboon. Waxa laga dhisay halkaa shan daarood oo isu tusan, waxaana la amray in laba jid oo buuraha dhexdooda mara baddana u furan la jaro si aan cadawgu u soo marin iyo in qoray la jaro oo doonyo badda loogu dhoofo la sameeyo, Daraawiishi markaa waxay ku welgooneysey oo daaraha lagu dhisay:

Haddaan jiq ka si iyo Jiidaaliyey, Xaggee Kufri joogsan doonaa eey!
Libaax laba jeeni dhiig ku lehoo, Badweyn ka jibaadey baan ahay!

Markaa Ingiriiska ciidammadiisa waxa u sokeeyey Dhuurcillaan, Laasciidle iyo Burco, wax col ah oo markaa laga filaayeyna ma jirin. Hase ahaatee waxa dhacday in socotadii go’day safrihiina joogsadeen oo wax war ah laga waayey. Ammintaas Ingiriisku wuxuu ku tala jirey ama ku hawllanaa duullaankii afraad qalqaaladiisii iyo sidii colkii ugu dambeeyey Daraawiish loogu saari lahaa iyo sida loo qorshaynaayo iyo tabaha wadaadka iyo Daraawiish loola dagaallamayo. Taa Daraawiishtu kama war hayn, maxaa yeelay, Ingiriisku wuxuu ku dadaalay inaan sirtiisa la ogaan, duullaankaa baxayana laga war helin.

Waxa dhacday in Daraawiishtii kala fogaatay, dhulkiina kala dheeraaday oo tii Eyl fadhiday iyo Beledweyne ama Doh iyo Geelgaab fadhiday iyo tii Nugaaleed xiriirkoodii go’ay oo ay kala war heli kari waayeen. Taasina waxay noqotay aafo saddexuad oo daraawiish soo food saartay oo aan laga gaashaaman karin. Intaa waxa u weheshay dagaalkii dheeraa ee la soo maray ha ahaato, dadkii faraha badnaa oo xarunta lagu laayeyse, ha ahaatee, in Daraawiishtu niyad jabtay oo badankoodii meesha nacay.

DUULLAANKII INGIRIISKA

Sanndakii 1919kii oo dhan dawladda Ingiriisku waxay ku foogneyd ama ku hawllanayd sida Daraawiish loogu duulaayo ama loo baabi’in lahaa, sidaa daraaddeed, waxay meel marisay barnaamij loogu tala galay rag Daraawiish ka xujoobey in dagaalkaas lagaga jibo keeno.

Sheeko ku tiri ku teen ah waxaannu ku maqalnay: Dawladda Ingiriisku inay ku tala jirtay haddii dagaalkaas wadaadka wax lagaga qaban waayo inaan duullaan dambe loo celin oo xornimadiisa loo dhaafo, maxaa yeelay waxay shaki ka qabeen in weerarkaas guul laga gaarayo iyo in kale, waxay maskaxda ku hayeen weerarradii ka horreeyey sidii loogu mala khasaaray.

Berbera oo Daraawiishtu u tiqiin Belbela oo markaa ahayd xaruntii Ingiriisku dalka ka maamulaayey, waxa lagu ururshey ciidan lixaad leh oo saddex madax u kala fadhiya:
1. Ciidanka badda oo ka koobnaa 3 Markab oo xarbi ah, siduu qoray Doglaas Jardiin wexeyna kala ahaayeen:
a) Ark Rooyol oo Masar laga keenay;
b) Odin; iyo
t) Kliyo.
2. Ciidanka cirka oo ka kooban 8 dayuuradood;
3. Ciidanka lugta oo 3 madax u qaybsanaa.

Sida ciidammadaa dagaalka loogu qorsheeyey iyo ciidan waliba meeshuu ka ambabaxaayo iyo halkuu ka dagaal gelaayo, isagoo dayuuraduhu gargaarayaan waxay ahayd sida soo socota:
a) Madax kowaad oo loogu tala galay inuu Dhuur-cillan oo ka ambabaxo Ceel-Afweyn maro oo Mirashi iyo Xaruntii beego;
b) Madax loogu tala galay inuu ka ambabaxo Burco oo Caynabo iyo Nugaal maro oo Taleex beego;
t) Madax loogu tala galay inuu badda maro, dabadeedna Laas- qoray ka dego kana ambabaxo oo Qalcaddii Baran beego, Daraawiishtana Bari ka celiyaan haddey u qaxaan.

Xoghayaha Guud ee Wakiilka Dawladda Boqortooyada Ingiriiska markaa Waqooyi u fadhiyey; Doglaas Jardiin oo arrintaas goobjoog u ahaa wuxuu .ciidammadaas tiradooda ku tilmaamay sida soo socota:

The forces available comprised:
a) One flight of aeroplanes (D.H.9), with six spare machines, known as Z unit, Royal Air force.
b) His Majesty’s ships Odin, Clio, and Ark Royal.
c) The Somaliland Camel Corps, 700 Rifles.
d) A Composite Battalion, 6th and 2nd Kings African Rifles, 700 Rifles.
e) A half battalion, the 1st/101st Grenadiers, Indian Army, 400 Rifles.
f) An irregular Somali tribal levy, 1500 Rifles, and
g) 300 Ilaaloes.

Hadalkaas waxa af Soomaali loogu tarjami karaa sida tan:

Ciidammada la hayey waxay ka koobnaayeen
a) Koox dayaarado (D.H.9) oo haysta lix mashiin oo kayd ah, loona yiqiin Xubinta Z Ciidanka Cirka ee Reer Boqor.
b) Maraakiibtii reer Boqor Odin, Clio iyo Ark Royal.
t) Rakuubleydii Soomaaliyeed, 700 Buntukh.
j) Urur isugu jira kii 6aad iyo kii 2aad ee ciidanka Buntukhleyda Afrika ee Boqorka, 700 buntukh.
x) Urur barki, ka 1aad/101aad ee ciidanka Bamka Qarxiya, ciidanka Hindiya, 400 Buntukh.
kh) Askar laga ururshey qabaa’ilka Soomaalida oo aan joogto ahayn, 1500 buntukh, iyo
d) 300 Ilaalo ah.

Saar Aajar oo ahaa Wakiilka dawladda Boqortooyada Ingiriiska u fadhiyey Maxmiyadda markii dagaalkaasi socdey, ciidammadaas qorshayntoodana ka talinaayey oo amarka oo dhan gacanta ku hayey iyo raggii la shaqaynaayey waxay ku dedaaleen, kuna guddoonsadeen inaan wax war ah oo duulaankaa ku saabsan iyo talaabooyinkay qaadayaan dibadda uga bixin, ciidanka ambabixiisana aan la ogaan. Sidaasna waxay u yeelaayeen inaan Daraawiish looga digin, jidadkii la mari jirey waa la xiray, wax safar ah oo u kacaayana waa la mamnuucay.

[Aajar oo ahaa ninkii Daraawiish jebiyey.]

30kii bishii Disembar 1919kii barasaabku wuxuu soo saaray waraaq cad oo uu ciidammada iyo dadka kaleba ku guubaabinayo inay Wadaadka iyo Daraawiishta ku xeeran la ciribtiro, guud ahaanna wuxuu dadka ugu ballan qaaday in ninkii soo qabta ama soo gacan geliya ama soo dila oo meydkiisa keena dhawr iyo toban nin oo Daraawiish ka mid ahaa oo aan qaarkood madaxda ku jirin, hase ahaatee iyaga u qornaa in laga siin doono lacag abaalgud ah. Waraaqdii inta la badiyey ayaa 21kii Jannaayo meel walba laga daadiyey, waraaqdii waana tan:

[Ferro e Fuoco in Somalia, da Francesco Saverio Caroselli, Roma 1931; p. 258.]

“Questo messaggio proviene dal Governatore britannico del Somaliland ed e’ diretto ai dervisci al seguito di Mohamed Abdulla Assan — gli ufficiali che portano questo messaggio sono come gli uccelli per aria, volano rapidamente per portarsi da me a voi impiegano meno di un’ora.

Udito la mia notizia; e’ arrivata l’ora di schiacciare il Mullah e distruggere le sue forze. Egli e’ uomo perfido ed ha portato la rovina in tutti i paesi. Chi mai puo’ punire quest’uomo? La mano del Governo britannico che e’ lunga. Sappiate pero’ che io dichiaro guerra al Wadad e alla gente grande che gli sta vicino, ma non alle popolazioni che si trovano ancora al suo seguito. In passato io ho accordato sempre il perdono di dervisci che hanno abbandonato il Mullah e si sono spontaneamente presentati al Governo britannico, molti di essi sono passati al servizio del Governo stesso, molti altri han fatto ritorno nei loro villaggi coll, animo in pace e ad essi si son lasciate le armi che avevano. Nessuno e’ stato ucciso e nessuno ha subito la minima molestia. Chiche’ vi possa dire il Dadad, consegnativi nelle mani del Governo, io vi perdonero’ e vi proteggero’, ma se all’approssimarsi degli ascari voi scappate o vi recate fra altre cabile, non potro piu assicurarvi la mia protezione.

Sappiate che i miei ascari inseguono velocemente. Per i santoni, per i capi grandi, per i condottieri che stanno intorno al Mullah non essiste perdono, essi saranno puniti e chi fara’ la consegna di uno di essi (i nomi figurano appresso) ricevera’ in premio la somma che accanto a ciascun nome verro’ indicando appresso:

1. Mohamed bin Abdulla Assan (Ogaden – Bagheri – rer Amar) Rs. 5000.00
2. Amar Assan (Ogaden – Bagheri – rer Amar) Rs. 500.00
3. Iusuf Seek, au Iusuf, au Iusuf Der (Ogaden – Bagheri – rer Amar) Rs. 500.00
4. Ali Abdalla Assan (Ogaden – Bagheri – rer Amar) Rs. 500.00
5. Agi Ahmed Uarsama, Agi Sudi (Habar Tolgiala – Adan Medobe) Rs. 1000.00
6. Califa Abdalla (Fratello del Uadad) Rs. 1000.00
7. Abbas au Mussa (Dolbahanta, Baharar Same) Rs. 500.00
8. Nur Asci (Uarsangali) Rs. 250.00
9. Agi Farahat (Auija) Rs. 500.00
10. Abscir Dorre (Migiurtino) Rs. 250.00
11. Agi Giama Iusuf detto Taminlaie (Rer Saad Iunis) Rs. 250.00
12. Ibrahim Gioode (Habar Tolgiaila – Adan Medobe) Rs. 250.00
13. Ibrahim Bogal (Habar Tolgiala – Adan Medobe) Rs. 500.00
14. Ussen Iusuf, Agiuran (Dolbahanta – Giama Siad) Rs. 500.00
15. Mahadi Mohamed (Figlio del Uadad) Rs. 500.00
16. Ahmed Omar bin Omar Taghe (Dolbahanta Bahararsame) Rs. 500.00
17. I figli del Uadad sono all’incirca 20 persone per ciascuno Rs. 100.00

Chiunque fra i dervisci o genti Isak mi aiuta a catturare una di queste persone o a indicarmi il posto ove si trova, anche cadavere, avra’ dal Governo britannico il premio che gli spetta nella misura piu’ sopra indicata.

Al Governo poco interessa se volete o meno arrendervi, he cerduto semplicamente avvertirvi e me’ervi in guardia nel caso intendiate di salvarvi; altrimenti cio’ che vi e’ distinato.

F.to Archer, Governatore del Somaliland

30 Dicembre 1919.

Warqaddaas af Soomaali waxa loogu tarjami karaa sidatan:

“Farriintani waxay ka timid barasaabka Ingiriiska ee dalka Soomaaliyeed, waxayna ku socotaa Daraawiishta raacsan Maxamad Cabdulle Xasan, saraakiisha wadda farriintani waa sida haadku hawada ku yahay, waa kuwo degdeg u lalaaya, kuna jiiraayo saacad wax ka yar, intay iga soo qaadayaan ee idiin keenayaan.

Dhegeysta baraarujintaydan; waxa timid saacaddii wadaadka la jebin lahaa, oo xooggiisa la xasuuqi lahaa. Waa nin axdi laawe ah, dalkii oo dhanna waa kharaabshey. Yaa ninkaas ciqaabi kara? Gacanta dheer ee Dawladda Ingiriiska. Waxaan guddoomiyey dagaal Xarbi aan ku qaado Wadaadka iyo dadka waaweyn ee isaga ku dhow-dhow, aanse ahayn ummadda weli raacsan; in badan oo Daraawiishta ka soo fakata, ee akhtiyaarkooda ugu yimaada Dawladda Ingiriiska, waxaan ugu deeqi jirey inaan cafiyo. In badan oo iyaga ka mid ahina waxay ku wareegeen shaqada Dawladdaas iyada ah, in badan oo kalena, waxay ku soo noqdeen tuulooyinkoodii iyagoo nabad helay, waxaana loo dhaafey hubkoodii (dabkoodii) ay haysteen. Qofna lama dilin, qof la cidhiidhiyeyna ma jiro. Gacanta Dawladda isu soo dhiiba, waan idin cafiyayaa, waana idin daafacayaa. Haddii aad askarta ka carartaan ama aad qabaa’ilka kale aaddaan, ma awoodo inaan idiin ballan qaado in aan idin nabad geliyo.

Ogaada, in askartayda Rakuubleyda ay aad u dheereeyaan, madaxda waaweyn iyo hoggaamiyeyaasha ku wareegsan Wadaadka, cafis ma laha, waxayna ahaan doonaan kuwii la ciqaabo. Qofkii midkood keenaana (magacyada halkan ka muuqda), wuxuu abaalgud u heli doonaa lacagta ku hor taal magac kastoo lagu tilmaamay halkan:

1. Maxamad bin Cabdulle Xasan (Ogaadeen – Bah Geri – Reer Xamar) Rs. 5000
2. Caamir Xasan (Ogaadeen – Bah Geri – Reer Xamar) Rs. 500
3. Cali Cabdulle Xasan (Ogaadeen – Bah Geri – Reer Xamar) Rs. 500
4. Yuusuf Sheekh Cabdille Aw Yuusuf-Dheere (Ogaadeen – Bah Geri – Reer Xamar) Rs. 500
5. Xaaji Sheekh Warsame “Xaaji Suudi” (Habar Toljeclo – Aadan Madoobe) Rs. 500
6. Khaliif Cabdulle (Wadaadka Walaalkiisa) Rs. 1000
7. Cabbaas Aw Muuse (Dhulbahante – Bah Ararsame) Rs. 500
8. Nuur-Xaashi (Warsangeli) Rs. 250
9. Xaaji Farxad (Hawiye) Rs. 500
10. Abshir Dhoorre (Majeerteen) Rs. 500
11. Xaaji Jaamac Yuusuf “Tamiinlaaye” (Sacad Yoonis) Rs. 250
12. Ibraahim Joode (Habar Toljeclo – Aadan Madoobe) Rs. 250
13. Ibraahin Buqul (Habar Toljeclo – Aadan Madoobe) Rs. 500
14. Xuseen Yuusuf “Ajuuraan” (Dhulbahante – Jaamac Siyaad) Rs. 500
15. Mahdi Maxamad (Wiilka Wadaadka) Rs. 500
16. Axmed Cumar bin Cumar Tage (Dhulbahante – Bah Ararsame) Rs. 500
17. Ilmaha Wadaadka oo ay tahay qiyaastoodu 20 qof, midkiiba Rs. 100

Qof kasta oo Daraawiishta, ama dadka Isaaqa ka mid ah oo igu kaalmeeya qabashada dadkaas midkood ama ii tilmaama meesha laga helaayo, xataa meydkooda, wuxuu Dawladda Ingiriiska ka heli doonaa abaalgudkuu leeyahay sida kor laga tilmaamay.
Dawladda maslaxad uguma fadhido, haddaad rabtaan inaad addeecdaan, iyo haddii kale waxay la ahaatay oo keliya in laydiin digo oo laydiinka ilaasho, haddii aad dooneysaan inaad badbaadaan haddii kale fisha wixii idin soo qaabila.

Aajar — Taliyaha Soomaalilaan

Bishii Jannaayo 9dii, 1920kii ayaa ciidankii kowaad oo lug iyo dayuuradba lihi wuxuu tegey Dhuurcillaan oo laga sameeyey saldhig weyn iyo gegi bannaan oo dayuuraduhu ka duulaan, maraakiibtii iyo ciidankay siddayna waxay u ambabaxeen Laasqoray si ay gaadiid halkaa loogu diyaarshay uga rartaan. Kii Burco fadhiyeyna wuxuu u ambabaxay Kiridh. Guud ahaan ciidammadaas waxa lagula ballamay inay bisha Jannaayo 20da, 1920ka keeb-la-yuurur ahaadaan, weerarna diyaar u ahaadaan.

Waxa meeshaa ka socda ama Ingiriisku maleegaayo ama duullanka lagu soo ambabixiyey Daraawiishi waxba kama oga, wax war ahna kama hayn, maxaa yeelay wax xaggaa ka yimaadda iyo wax iyaga ka taga midna ma jirin, guud ahaanna sidaan mar hore u soo xusnay Daraawiishtu markaa ma niyad fiicneyn, maxaa wacay dagaalkiina waa ku dheeraaday, dadkii dariiqada lagu laynayeyna waa ka calool xumaadeen, waxna markay xaruntii naceen oo joogi waayeen waa iskaga tageen, sidaa daraaddeed ayaa inta joogtaana aanay ammintaa u niyad samayn, in kastoo ayan gaalo rabin.

Qorshaha dagaalku wuxuu ahaa in 19ka Jannaayo ay dayaaraduhu Dhuurcillaan tagaan oo 21ka, 22ka iyo 23ka meesha Wadaadku joogo duqeeyaan, ciidanka baddana qalcadda Galbadhi-buur oo badda Xiis iyo Maydh ku foorartay weeraro, dabadeedna Laasqoray u gudbo. Doglaas Jardiin mar uu qalcaddaa sidii loo weeraray wax ka taabtay wuxuu yiri:

[The Mad Mullah of Somaliland, Douglas Jardine, O.B.E. Secretary to the Administration, Somaliland, 1916-21. First Edition; London 1925; p. 279.]

“Tusaale ahaan, qalcaddii Daraawiishta ee Galbaribuur ka dhisnayd nimankii ilaalinayey waxa oodda lagaga qaaday bambooyin dayuuradaha laga soo tuurayey, ka hor intaan xagga dhulka laga weerarin. Hase yeeshee, guutadii ciidanka baddu halkaas kuma ay weerarin ilaalo dayuuradihii niyad jebiyeen. Iskaba daaye waxay la kulmeen ‘geesiyaasha kuwa ugu geesisan,’ qalcaddiina lama qabsan ilaa koodii ugu dambeeyey la diley. Haddaynu soo qaadno xogwarrankii rasmiga ahaa ee dagaallada, Galbaribuur waxaa loo daafacay si dhiirranaan leh, waxaana daafacay koox aad u jidbaysan oo dhimashada oggol, kuwaasoo aan isdhiibin ilaa kii u dambeeyey la diley.”

Ciidanka Laasqoray Mashacaleed ka soo baxo oo bisha Jannaayo 22ka Baran qabsado. Si kastaba barnaamijkoodu ha ahaadee, 21kii, 22kii iyo 23kii ayaa dayuuradihii Ingirisku weerareen Jiidali, iyo Midhashi; markii hore waraaqey daadiyeen bamkii iyo xabbadduna waa ku xigeen, wax kasta ha dileen ama ha duqeeyeene intay geysteen waxa u darnaa xoolihii oo dayuuradaha qayladoodii ka diday oo arladii joogsan waayey, taasina waxay ahayd tii ugu darrayd.

Sayidka iyo boqollaal Daraawiish ah oo goor subax ah fadhiya meel xaysin ama xagi ah oo daar laga dhisaayey oo toggaa Midhashi daantiisa Koonfur ah ayay bamkii ugu horreeyey ku tuurtay. Nin la taliye u ahaa oo dawladda Turkigu xarunta u soo dirtay oo Sayidka la fadhiyey ayaa sheegay oo wuxuu yiri, “Sayidii dayuurad weeye meesha inaga kici.” Waxay halkaa ku dileen dad tiradooda 30 lagu qiyaasay, waxase hadiyo jeer la sheegaa, Caamir-Cagoole oo Sayidka adeerkiis ahaa, iyo Af Qarshe.

Dayuuradda wareeggeedii labaad ayaa koox Daraawiish ahi rasaas ku rideen. Waxa la sheegay in dayuuradda xabbad lala helay, dabadeedna ay Ceeldheer ku dhacday. Daraawiishi waxay sheegtay in rasaastoodii jikraha ka dhacaysey ay dayuuraddaas waxyeello u geysatay, dhiciddeediina xabbaddaasi sabab u ahayd. Hase ahaatee, Ingiriisku wuxuu sheegay in dayuuraddaas mishiinku ka xumaaday, dabadeedna ay halkaas ku dhacday.

Sayidka iyo wixii ag joogey waxay ku carareen daartii la dhisaayey. Ma qiyaamihii baa kacay? Ma adduunkii baa qarxay? Ma buunkii baa la afuufay? Qayladii baa willatay; qararkii baa daryaamay. Meel la galo iyo meel cid qarisaa la waayey. Markii la wareeray Sayidkii iyo raggii gaarka ka ahaa waxay galeen godka Xeela, waa meel irrid keliya leh oo dusha sare ka daboolan oo lagu xarbiyi karo, hase ahaatee, welwel iyo cabsi baa Eebbe ku riday. Nin waliba harkiisii buu ka diday, ama haadkii buu ka cararay.

Habeenkaasna xaruntii waxaa ka tegey rag badan oo madaxdii Daraawiishta ka mid ahaa, waxaa laga tilmaami karaa Ismaaciil Mire, Xirsi Jeedlade, Xirsi Cartan, Ducaale Ileeye iyo rag kale.

Habeenkii bishu 24ka ahayd ayaa waxa la soo sheegay in ciidankii lugta ahaa kaabiga u jiro oo berrito soo weerari doono, isla markaa waxa la soo qaaday inaan naf-ku-dirir mooyee dagaal kale la awoodin, meesha ay joogaanna fadhi lahayn, maxaa yeelay waxay joogaan meel buur ah oo waxa laga yaabaa in la hareereeyo oo meel ay ka baxaan waayaan, dabadeedna ay halkaa ku go’doomaan. Sidaa daraaddeed, ayaa waxa lagu tashaday in meeshaa khatarta ah laga baxo oo Nugaal iyo dalkii la yiqiin oo markii hore laga soo guurey loo qaxo. Habeenkii baa Sayidkii iyo wixii raaci karey Xeela ka baxeen oo Taleex u kaceen.

Aw Cabdulle Ibraahim oo daarta Cirshiida oo badda ku foororta madax ka ahaa wuxuu yiri, “Waraaq baa la ii soo diray oo waxa lay amray inaan Daraawiishta daartaas fadhida kaxaysto wixii xoolo ah oo Casha dusheeda fadhiyana soo kiciyo; muddona waynoo Taleex, ninba meeluu soo maraba, hadalkaas baannu ka garannay in arladii gaalo qabsatay, taasina hawl badan naguma qaadan oo muddo gaaban ayaan dad iyo duunyo wixii meeshaas joogey war geliyey oo soo kiciyey. Maalintii dambena Soofe Gaalleef ayaa madaxnimadii igala wareegey. Ka sheekayn kari maayo wixii maal ahaa oo maalintaa meeshaa maraayey waxaanse ka yaabay siigadii xooluhu kiciyeen markay cirka xushay oo daruur noqotay. Ciidankii gaalku wuxuu noo fariistay marinkayaga ahaa Ceeldheero oo waa ku dagaallannay, hase ahaatee, wixii adduun ahaa oo aannu wadannay geel, fardo, lo’, ari aqal, soor lama tirin karee halkaasaa nala kaga qabsaday; annagoo cayr fara madow ah ayaan Nugaal ka dhacnay Sayidkiina Jeexa Buuxiso oo Hawd ah ugu tagnay.” Ingiriisku waa sheegay taas oo wuxuu yiri:

“The captures comprised many of the Mullah’s personal belongings: his correspondence, his clothing and jewellery and, in addition, 1400 camels, 450 cows, 50 ponies, 51 rifles, 2000 rounds of ammunitions, and 300 camel loads of supplies.”

[The Mad Mullah of Somaliland, Douglas Jardine, O.B.E. Secretary to the Administration, Somaliland, 1916-21. First Edition; London 1928; p. 274.]

Anigoo wax aan doonayaba derejaday haysta
Iyo duni wixii nagaga lumay dararkii Ceeldheero
Dab wax gubi dayuurado kufrigu nagu dul gawdiidshey
Dumbukh sumuca degelkaan ka kacay dahab wixii yiilley
Dakhal jabay wixii daar burburay ama bukaar duugmay
Dedibtii bannaanayd wixii dadiyo maal jiifey
Diric iyo waxay sheekh dileen ama duq waayeela
Lo’ durdura wixii deebla geel nalaga sii daayey
Dullihii shareerraa wixii daal na caga gooyey
Dirrawgii qabsaday reerkayga dalankicii gaaray
Bal dayooy waxay nagu dayeen darab nijaaseedku!

QABSASHADII TALEEX

Lataliyayaashii Soomaalida ahaa oo ciidammada Ingiriiska waday waxay ammaanduulaha ciidammada watay ku yiraahdeen, “Xirribta iyo xeeladda Sayidka waxay tahay inuu Xuddun maro oo habeennimo Nugaal ka tallaabo.” Sidaa darteed ayaa ciidankii kowaad la kala qaybshey oo qayb waxa loo diray Xuddun iyo hoos si ay u taageeraan ciidankii Nugaal qaabbilsanaa ee Burco ka soo ambabaxay, si Sayidka looga celiyo inuu Hawd u tallaabo, qaybna waxa lagu jaaday inay ciidanka Sayidka daba socda iyo xoolaba qaxa ah ee Casha ka soo degey horjoogsadaan oo qabtaan, ka dibna ciidankii Laasqoray ka soo baxay oo markaas Baran jooga ku darmadaan, oo la shaqeeyaan.

Sayidkii sidii laga filaayey ama ay maleeyeen ma yeelin. Taleex buu abbaaray, wuxuuna aftin ku bixiyey, “Ninkii noolow meel aad soo martaba waa inoo Taleex.” Sidaana waxa loo yeelay laba arrimood:

1. Inay ciidanka Ingiriiska foolkiisa ka leexdaan oo dhinaca bari uga fogaadaan.
2. Taleex oo ahayd qalcad adag oo ay suuragal noqon karto in dayuuradaha lagaga gabado, raashin badanna lagu malaynaayey, maxaa yeelay waxay ahayd meel sal ah oo xoolo yaalliin, ciidan Daraawiish ah oo fiicanna lagu ogaa.

2dii ama 3dii bisha Febraayo ayaa Sayidkii iyo wixii la socday Taleex tageen. Habqankii daba socday iyo qaxiina tan iyo Ceerigaabo ayuu soo qubnaa oo hadba cadowgu koox meel ka helaayey kana hafsiinaayey. 4tii Febraayo ayaa dayuuradihii Ingiriisku Taleex bam la dheceen oo duqeeyeen, wax sidaas u weynse ma yeelin.

Doglaas Jardiin isagoo ka warramayey qabsashadii Taleex iyo sidii diyaaradaha loola xarbiyey wuxuu yiri:

[Taleex oo dayuuradihii Bam la dhacayaan.]

“Despite the terrible novelty of attack from the air, and the havoc that surrounded them, the Dervish Garrison to their credit be it said, valiantly returned the aeroplanes’ fire.”

Hadalkaas waxa loo tarjami karaa sida tan:

“Inkastoo weerarka hawadu ku cusbaa, dhan kastana argagax aaney filayn kaga yimid, haddana ciidankii Daraawiishta ee qalcadda ilaalinaye, faanba haw ahaatee, si geesinnimo leh ayay uga jawaabeen dabkii dayuuradaha.”

Maalintii 5aad subaxnimadeedii ayaa ciidankii Ingiriiska buuradkiisii isugu yimid Qawlo oo qiyaasta 10 mayl u jirta Taleex, kana xigta dhinaca Koonfur galbeed, xataa Barasaabkii Saar Aajar halkaasuu yimid. Male maahee Ingiriisku ma hubin, kamana war hayn in Sayidkii qalcadda Taleex ku jirey iyo in kale, cabsi iyo shaki weyn baana laga qabay. Hase ahaatee habeenkii baa waxa fakaday Sayidka wiilkiisii Cabdiraxmaan Sayid Maxamad iyo Sheekh Yuusuf Cismaan Xasan “Yuusuf-Xayle” oo Sayidka adeer iyo soddog labadaba u ahaa, waxay u galeen Ingiriiska oo Qawlo fadhiyey, kuwaasaa caddeeyey in Sayidkii qalcadda Silsilad ee Taleex ku jiro, ciidan xoog lehna haysto, hase ahaatee, ay niyad jabeen, raashin 3 sano ku filanina daaraha yaallo.

[Maalintii Ingiriisku Taleex qabsaday 1919kii.]

Taleex waxa la degay 1912, ka horna waxay ahayd ceel waayeer ah oo xooluhu ka cabbaan, waxa Daraawiishi ka dhistay 4 Qalcadood:

1. Falaad waxay ahayd aqalka Sayidka, gooni u ahaa. Waa kii Daraawiishku lahaa: Ninkii jakadow jarriin geeyoo, Falaad jasalkeeda sheeg, sheeg.
2. Daawad oo martida xarunta timaadda loogu tala galay.
3. Eegi ama daar ilaalo oo qofka ku jooga 50 mitir wax ka arko
4. Silsilad oo ahayd Qalcadda ugu weyn oo hubka iyo raashinku yaalliin, Qalcaddaasi waxay ka koobnayd siddeed Qalcadood oo isku qabsan, oo sidii deyr u dhisan, Qalcaddii walba waxa gudaheeda ka qodan afar ceel iyo afar bukaarood oo haruurka lagu shubo, Qalcadahaa dhexdooda waxa ah dooxa yar oo xoolaha la geliyo haddii dagaal dhaco, derbiga baaxaddiisu waa laba mitir iyo bar dhagaxana lama qori jirin, waa kii Sayidku lahaa:

Hadduu malxaf yahay, marfaca ma ceshee
Maandhow midka buuran ii keen.

Subaxdaasaa Daraawiish tashatay oo waxa la yidhi, “Ma meesheynaynu ku dagaallannaa wixii dhinta iyo wixii noolaada, mise wan ka baxnaa oo waxaynu qabannaa Koofur?” Taladii waxay ku dhammaatay in laga baxo oo loo kaco Daraawiishtii Koonfur ee Khaliif Shiikh Cabdulle madaxda u ahaa. 1dii duhurnimo ayaa Ingiriisku ciidankiisii ku soo kiciyey, iyadoo taladu tahay in qalcadda Taleex la hareereeyo si Sayidka gacanta loogu dhigo; faraskii, rakuubkii, lugtii iyo dayuuradihii ayaa arladii gariirtay. Abbaarta 4tii galabnimo ayaa Sayidkii iyo wuxuu watay Taleex ka baxeen, wixii ummad ahaa ee Eebbe meeshaa isugu keenayna waa ka daba yaaceen. Wax la qabto iyo wax la dilo waa la kala garan waayey, maxaa yeelay arladii baa gariirtay. Rag Soomaali ah oo ciidanka Ingiriiska ka socday waxay yiraahdeen, Sayidku markuu baxay waa arkayney, hase ahaatee in uu gaalada gacanteeda galo ma aannu doonayn.

Daraawiish la yiraahdo Maxamuud Xoosh oo aanu nolol kula kulannay galabtaasna meeshaa joogey, hadalkiisana la qaban karo wuxuu yiri, “Sayidku galabtaa wuxuu ku joogey faras la yiraahdo Dhibic oo loogu tala galay inuu cadawga kala baxsado xoog iyo dheeraynba, waxana loo taxaabaayey Fookheeye oo isagana loogu tala galay haddii kaasi hayn waayo ama dakaamo in loogu nasiyo oo Sayidku kaga wareego.”

Fiid dambe ayaa laga war helay in Sayidkii qalcadda Taleex ka baxay, si wayn baa Ingiriisku uga qoomameeyey. 700 oo faras, rukuub iyo lug ah ayaa raacdo gashay oo ka daba duulay, colka intiisii kalena waxa lagu jaaday qabsashada Taleex. Nin aanu nolol ku aragnay oo lug ka jabnaa oo daarta fooqeeda sare saarraa, magaciisana la yiraahdo Yuusuf Barre oo haystay buntukh kow iyo tobnaale ah iyo rasaas baa loogu geli waayey, markii dambena rag Daraawiishtii ka haray ayaa la hadlay oo ku yiri, “Rasaasta jooji waa lagu bixinayaaye.” 7dii Febraayo 1920kii ayaa Taleex gacanta Ingriiska gashay.

Sayidkii wuxuu habeenkii xaasaskii iyo dadkii qaxa ahaa dhex socdaba, subaxdii buu dhinaca galbeed uga bayray, isagoo koox Daraawiishi la socoto. Kooxdaa waxa laga tilmaamay Abshir Dhoorre, Cismaan Boos, iyo laba gabdhood oo walaalihiis ah.

Waxa la weriyey dadkaa qaxa ahaa socodkoodii waa la kala duway oo waxa loo qaybshey dhawr waddo oo kala duwan, hase ahaatee isbarbar socota sidaana waxa loo yeelay in cadowgu garan waayo meeshuu Sayidkii maray oo ku wareero.

Ciidankii Ingiriiska wuxuu raacdo ahaadaba markuu arkay raadka leexday ayaa koox sarkaal caddaan ahi wato raadkii leexday raaceen, ciidanka badnaana budulkii weynaa raacay. Qoladii yarayd markay Sayidkii iyo raggii la socdey kaabiga u jiraan ayay ka soo noqdeen. Daraawish haatan Ceerigaabo ku nool oo la yiraahdo Cabdi Warsame, laguna naanayso Cabdi Dheere wuxuu yiri, “15 sano ayaan qusuusidda Daraawiishta ka mid ahaa, 6 bilood markaa ka horna xaruntaan ka baxsaday, aniga iyo Cabdi Nuur Xiddig, xagga dalka iyo dadkaba aqoon baanu u lahayn. Sida Daraawiishi u dagaallanto iyo xirribahooda iyo xeeladaha Sayidka waa niqiin, maamulkii lagu dagaal galay annagaa soo samaynay, ciidanka Ingiriiskana annagaa garwade u ahayn, galabtaa in Sayidka la qabtana aad baannu u jeclayn, fardahay ku joogeen oo faanadoodii qiiqii ka baxaayo markaannu aragnay, qiyaastana aannu isleennahay dhir qaydar ah ayaa idinka qarinaysa ayaa gaalkii na watay wuxuu yiri, “Innaga celiya.” Markaa waxaan xusuustay galab galbaha ka mid ah annagoo Taleex joogna ayaa Sayidku wuxuu yiri, “Anigu gacanta Rabbi baan ku jiraaye wixii igala baxa ayaan eegayaa.”

Col weyne wuxuu ka dhacay raadkii iyo budulkii, daba socdaba duhurkii buu ku gaaray dooxda Waw oo magaalada Garoowe ka xigta dhinaca waqooyi galeed. Dagaal xun baa meeshaa ka dhacay oo dadku ku hoobtay, dadka galabtaas la laayey waxa ka mid ahaa 40 carruur ah oo 7 wiil oo Sayid Maxamad dhalay ka mid yihiin, Xaaji Suudi Shabeelle, Ibraahim Buqul, Obsiye Seed, Fitawaraari oo Xabashi ah oo Dariiqada joogey iyo boqollaal qusuusidii Daraawiishta ka tirsanaa. Wixii dad ahaa ama duunya ahaana gacanta gaalka ayey galeen.

Sayidkii iyo kooxdii la socotay waxay galeen buuraha Boocame iyo Biratable. Abshir Dhoorre oo maalintaa ku joogey faras la oran jirey Shaluumaray oo hadba gees u wiifinaaya, si uu dadka firdhadka ah ama habqanka baxsadka ah oo dayuuraddu waalisay isugu soo urursho dad iyo duunyo wixii maalintaa gaalku qabtay, wixii la diley maahee wixii kale waxa la geeyey Qawlo; hooggii maalintaa meeshaa ka dhacay wixii dad la laayey ama darxumo lagu falay wixii daar burbutay ama degel rogmaday, wixii duunyo la dhacay ama adduun la mooraduugay, afna lagama sheegi karo, qalinna laguma qori karo maahugii Daraawiish haystey galabtaasuu wareegey.

QAXII DARAAWIISHTA

Hilaadda rag kun lagu qiyaasay oo firxad iyo dhaawac u badan iyo xaasas raggoodii ku dagaallamay oo aan wax xoola ah lagu ogeyn ayaa isugu tegey Jeexa Buuxiso; Nugaal waa haawaneysaa; dagaal waa laga hawa dhigay, duunyana lama hayo, Daraawiishi waa dulugle, adduun ma saasuu ku dambeeyey? Sayidku muxuu ku talin doonaa? Arrini maxay ku dambeyn doontaa? Allow jid u bixi.

12kii bisha Febraayo 1920kii Sayidku wuxuu diray laba nin, wuxuu yiri, “Bal daartii Laascaanood qooraansada, haddaad geli kartaan Daraawiish baa lagu ogaaye hubsada gaalo iyo xaalkeedna ka soo warrama.” Laba kalena wuxuu u diray daartii Docmo; wuxuu ku yiri, “Daraawiishta joogta waxaad ku tiraahdaan ceelka noo maaxiya.” Lixdan ninna waxa loo dhiibay 30 gudimo iyo 30 hangool oo waxa la yiri, “Dhulka inaka horreeya waa hawd oo dhirtii baa isqabsatay ee Sayidku waddada uu marayo laangooya.”

Labadii nin ee Laascaanood loo diray waxay soo sheegeen in gaaladii meel walba qabsatay, Daraawiishna ninba meeshuu naf biday u kacay, sida la weriyey Sayidkii waraaq buu Ingiriiska u diray. Wuxuu ku qorayna lama yaqaan, hase ahaatee waxa loo malaynayaa inuu ku qoray, “Hadday kula tahay inaad guul gaarteen sidaad malaynaysaan ma ahaan doonto, dadka ha laynina, ee dhaqaaleeya, xoolahana ha ka dhicina.” Dabadeedna wuxuu ku guddoonshey, hadalna ku iba beelay ninba meelu maraba waa inoo Xaruntii Khaliif Shiikh Cabdille.

Sayidkii awr la yiraahdo Gaagaab baa la saaray, fardihiina waa loo taxaabay. Waxay mareen waddada isu marta daarta Docmo, daarta Gallaaddi iyo daarta Wardheer. Heshiis Ingiriiska iyo Talyaaniga u dhexeeyey wuxuu dhigaayey in Talyaanigu dagaalka Daraawiishta qayb weyn ka qaato. Haddaba markii Ingiriisku duullaanka abaabulaayey waxa barnaamijkii u dhignaa ahaa haddii Daraawiishtu dhinaca koonfur u qaxdo; askarta Cali Yuusuf iyo Talyaanigu inay hor joogsadaan. Sidaa daraaddeed markii la ogaaday in Wadaadkii Hawd u tallaabay, xagga koonfurna u jeedo ayaa Mudug waxa laga diray ciidan uu madax ka yahay Xaaji Cismaan Sharmarke oo ka mid ahaa naa’ibbada Cali Yuusuf, talada uu ku socdaana waxay ahayd inay Sayidka Dhudub iyo Gallaaddii u joogsadaan, halkaasoo hadduu dhinaca Koonfur u soo kaco aanu huri doonin, maxaa yeelay daar baa Gallaaddii ka dhisnayd, Daraawiish baana joogtey, meel kale oo biyo loo raacaana ma jirin; xilliga markaa la joogayna wuxuu ahaa kaliil Gu’.

Sayidku maalin gelinkeedii hore ayuu Gallaaddii joogey galabtiina waa ka carraabay, laba iyo saddex maalmood midkood isagoo ka sii maqnaa ayaa askartii Cali Yuusuf Gaallaaddii tageen markay ogaadeen inuu gudbeyna dib bay u soo noqdeen.

Sayidkii iyo raggii uu watay iyo dadkii daba socday oo qaxootiga ahaa, waxay hadba habeen meel ku sii dhaxaanba, waxay heedadaabaanba, waxay harraad iyo gaajo la tiicaanba, waxay tageen ceelka Wardheer, dabadeedna waxay u dhaafeen Afyaraaddo oo Wardheer ka shisheeya, hilaaddana 30 mayl u jira. Afar habeen bay halkaa joogeen, arladaasu waxay ahayd dhul aan col iyo abaar midna ka dhicin oo barwaaqa ah. Khaliif Sheekh Cabdille iyo Daraawiishtuu u talinaayey oo warkii gaaray ayaa geel hilib iyo irmaan u badan iyo xoola kale ka hor keenay, si Daraawiishta oo jabtay loogu gargaaro, ka dibna waxa loo guuray dhulka Dhooboweyn. Sayidka iyo Qusuusidii la socotey waxay degeen Shinniile; halkaasoo Daraawiishtii daaraha dibadda jirtay ugu yimaadeen.

WARQAD INGIRIISKA KA TIMID

Bishii Febraayo 1920kii waraaq baa Sayidku Ingiriiska ka helay uu ku leeyahay ama ujeeddadeedu tahay: “Dadkaagii waxna annagaa laynay, waxna waa kaa tageen, xoolahaagii waa dhacnay, Daraawiishi waa taag darraysay, dagaalkiina waa idinkaga adkaanay, hadda waxa kula gudboon inaad isdhiibtaa, dawladduna waa kuu dembi dhaafaysaa.”

Waraaqdii oo Carabi laga soo tarjamey waa tan.

This letter is sent from the hand of the British Wali at Taleh to the Dervish Mohamad bin Abdulla Hassan. Three weeks ago I wrote a letter to the Dervishes offering them aman if they surrendered, I do not desire to see Somali killed; and our weapons and your weapons are not the same. You are a Somali wadaad. I represent the British Government, who have just beaten in war the German and the Turkish people. Your strength and our strength thus is not the same. But until now you have regarded yourself as strong and it was thus no use my writing to you. Today the position is different. Every maids hand is against you for the wrong you have done. On one side there is Osman Mohamoud and on another Ali Kenedid. They are your enemies. You cannot go to them. In Abyassinia Lij Yasu has gone and Ras Taffari, who is a friend of mine, rule in his place. He and I make our arrangements in agreement. And you know you cannot fight against us. In this war I have had one soldier killed at Baran. That is all. Your losses you know; so do I. You wadaad, are now a fugitive and your people are in my hand. You have lost your leaders and your stock and your women and children, your forts, and every-thing you possess. With me your people are safe. It is not for me to kill Somalis. Therefore, now I say this to you. If you yourself will surrender to me, as have your people, and within forty days from now, then I will give you aman. I am the British Wali, and I do not break my word. I will give you a place where you can live in your tarika and follow your din. I am not concerned with religion, but only with the Government of the people. If you ask Sheikh Ismail Isahaak and the other Somali Sheikhs with me they will tell you I speak truly. For forty days therefore I make you this offer of aman. I do not wish to carry the war further, for it is my work to restore peace amongst Somalis. And if you come in, you will be given safe conduct to me by my people. But a letter is no use. It is no time for words. And if you do not come yourself within forty days then I shall know you do not wish aman. Your wife carries this letter from me to you.

Gaolo, 17th February, 1920.
Signed: G. F. Archer Governor

Waraaqdaa waxa af Soomaali loogu tarjami karaa sidatan:

“Waraaqdan waxaa laga soo dhiibey gacantii Waaliga Ingiriiska oo Taleex jooga, waxayna ku socotaa Darwiishkii Maxamad Cabdulle Xasan: Saddex toddobaad ka hor baan waraaq u soo diray Daraawiishta aan ugu ballan qaadayo inay nabad heli doonaan hadday isdhiibaan. Ma doonayo in aan arko Soomaali la laynayo, hubkayaga iyo hubkaaguna isku mid ma aha. Waxaad tahay wadaad Soomaaliyeed. Anna waxaan wakiil ka ahay dowladda Ingiriis, taasoo dagaal ku jebisey Jarmalka iyo Turkiga. Xooggayga iyo xooggaaguna sidaa darteed isku mid ma aha. Ha yeeshee ilaa haddeer, waxaad ismoodaysay nin xoog leh, sidaa darteed baanay qiima u lahayn in aan waraaqo kuu soo qoro. Maanta arrintu waa si kale. Nin waliba dhan buu kaa yahay, waayo dembi baad gashay. Dhinac waxa kaa haysta Cismaan Maxamuud, dhinaca kalena Cali Keenadiid. Labaduba waa cadowgaaga, umana tegi kartid. Xabashidana Liij Yaasu waa ka dhacay, waxaana qabsaday Raas Tafaari oo ah saaxiibkay. Aniga iyo isaguna waxaannu ku tala jirraa heshiis cusub. Adiguna waad og tahay in aanad nala wada dagaallami karayn. Dagaalkii ina dhex maray askari qudha ayaa Baran lay gaga diley, iyo bes! Waad og tahay khasaaraha ku gaarey anna waa ogsoonahay. Wadaadow, imminka dalak baad tahay, dadkaagiina gacantayduu ku jiraa, way kaa lumeen taliyayaashii, xoolihii, haweenkii, carruurtii, qalcadihii iyo waxaad lahayd oo dhammi. Waan nabad geliyey dadkaaga ila jooga. Ma ahi anigu ninka Soomaalida laaya. Sidaa daraaddeed, waxaan ku leeyahay, haddaad isu kay dhiibto sida dadkaagu yeelay, marka laga bilaabo imminka afartan maalmood ka dib, waad nabad geleysaa. Waxaan ahay waaligii Ingiriiska, ballantayduna ma jebiyo. Waxaan ku siinayaa meel aad ku noolaato, Dariiqadaada iyo diintaadanu ku haysato. Dantayada diinta ma aha, ee waa dawladda dadka waxaan u dan leenahay. Haddaad weydiiso Shiikh Ismaaciil Isaaq iyo mashaa’iikhda kale ee Soomaaliyeed waxay kuu sheegi doonaan in aan run ku hadlayo. Sidaa daraaddeed afartan maalmood oo keliya baan nabad kuu oggolahay, maxaa yeelay, shaqadaydu wexey tahay inaan Soomaalida nabad ka dhex rido. Haddaad soo gasho, dadkaygu waa ku nabad gclinayaan, warqadi haatan waxba tarimeyso; hadalna waa dhammaaday. Haddii aanad afartan casho dhexdood ku iman, waxaa ii caddaaneyso in aanad nabad rabin. Waxaan waraaqdaa kuugu soo dhiibay haweenaydaadii.

Qawloh, 17kii Febraayo 1920.
Saxiix: C. F. Aajar – Waaliga

In kastoo aaney Sayid Maxamed ka suuroobi karin, hadduu maalintaa taladaa Ingiriiska yeelo oo isdhiibo, sidee buu u geli lahaa? Waxay nala tahay inuu gasiirad badda dhexdeeda ah ku xiri lahaa tan iyo geeri ka horow!

JAWAABTII SAYIDKA

Sayidku jawaabtii uu ka bixiyey waraaqdaas wuxuu u sii dhiibay Sheekh Cali Xaaji Axmed Guuxaa oo Daraawiishtii Taleex ka timid ka mid ahaa iyo adeerkiis Xaaji Cismaan Shiikh Xasan Nuur, Sayidku waraaqdaa ma saxiixin, siduu Ingiriisku sheegay saxiix la’aantaa wuxuu u qaatay inuu haatan doonaayo inuu dagaal dambe waqti u helo. Waraaqdii Sayidku qorayna oo af Carabi laga soo tarjumay waa tan:

[The Mad Mullah of Somaliland, by Douglas Jardine, O.B.E. Secretary to the Administration, Somaliland, 1916-21) First Edition; London 1925; p. 188.]

Thanks be to God: that is all.

These few words are from the man who is oppressed, bin Abdulla Hasan, to the opressor without cause. I am a Hashimi by descent, Shaffei by doctrine, a Sunni and belonging to the Ahmedieh tarika. This is for my part.

After that, I state I received your letter on the 22nd Jumaad el Akhir, and on the same night l replied without delay to what it contained. You say that the Dervishes have become weak and l am alone without following, all my people having run away, that on your side you have lost but one man, while many of mine have been killed, and that you have caught all my intimates, relatives and family; and that you have beaten the Turks and the Germans. And then you tell me to rejoin my people, otherwise you will not let me be. That is the meaning of what you have written.

And to this I reply. To what you have said about the Dervishes growing weak I can say nothing, neither yes nor no. God is Almighty, and if He desires to confer power or to weaken, it is for Him to do so. You say my people have run away. My answer is yes. Some of my people have run away and some will never leave me until I die. But those who have left me will be of no use to you. You say you had only one man killed, I cannot question that. You say you have killed many people, that statement also I cannot contest or deny. You say you have beaten the Turks and the Germans. It is not for me to enter into that. You say you have caught all my closest relatives; that is perfectly clear. You then tell me to return to my family; there is something in this as even a fool would appreciate. But if there were sincerity in your words, then you would not have declared that you were going to send my family away on ships. For if you wanted to make peace between us, you would have done better by me than this. In the first place and in the middle you have never done me any good, you should now have offered me some consolation.

And now, if what you say is true and you want to offer me terms, then let me be myself among the people. But if you are not agreeable to this, that is to say, that we arrange amongst ourselves, then I want the right to place my case before you and 1 want justice from the people. And if there is anything proved against me, then I have no complaint to make. And by this means, if I have my rights I shall be satisfied, and I shall never get up again, I shall never trouble the Habar Yunis nor the Habar Awal nor the Habar Toljaala.
As to Abdi Dcrreh, he says he killed Sheikh Yusuf because he alleges he killed 60 of his people. But, in the name of God, I ask you to inquire whether this wadad ever killed as much as a goat in the whole of his life. I, too, have killed nothing. And if I killed anything from you in the world, or it has been done under my orders or with my consent or with my knowledge, then show.

This and Salaams

(Unsigned)

Waraaqdaas waxa loo tarjami karaa sida tan:

Mahad Ilaah baa leh, bes!

Hadalladaan yari waxay ka yimaadeen nin la dulmay – Ina Cabdulle Xasan – waxay ku socdaan hororka sabab-ma-haysta ah. Anigu waxaan ahay Haashimi, mad-habtaydu waa Shaafici iyo Sunne, waxaana taabacsanahay dariiqada Axmadiya. Intaasi waa xaggayga.
Dabadeedna waxaan ku leeyahay waan helay waraaqdaadii 22kii Jumaad al Aakhir, isla habeenkaasna waa ka soo jawaabay wixii ku yiilna lama daahin. Waxaad tiri, “Daraawiishi waa taag darraysay adiguna cidlaad keligaa taagan tahay, dadkii oo dhammina waa kaa yaacay, anigana nin qura ayaa iga dhigtay markii adiga wax badan lagaa diley.

Saaxiibbadaa, xigaalkaa iyo xaaskaagii oo dhan waan qabqabtay; Turki iyo Jarmalna waan jebiyey.” Waxaadna ii sheegtay in aan dadkayga soo raaco haddii kale aad i baabi’inayso. Waa kaa waxaad soo qortay macnihiisu. Waan kaaga jawaabayaa:

Haddaad tiri Daraawiishtu way taag yaraysay, waxba kaa oran maayo, haa iyo maya, midnaba. Ilaahay baa xoog leh, haddii uu doonayo inuu cid xoogeeyo ama liciifiyo isagey jirtaa siduu yeelaayo.

Waxaad tiri dadkaagii way kaa yaaceen. Jawaabtayda waa haa. Dadkaygii qaar ka mid ah ayaa iga yaacay, qaar kalena weligood iga tegi maayaan ilaa iilka la i geliyo. Ha yeeshee kuwa iga tegey, anna iga tage, adigana wax kuu tari maayaan.

Waxaad tiri, nin keliyaa dagaalkii igaga dhintay, taas waxba kama lihi.

Waxaad tiri, dad badan baan kaa diley, dooddaas kugu raaci maayo, dafirina maayo.

Waxaad tiri, Turki iyo Jarmal baan jebiyey. Maaha anigu in aan galo arrintaas waxna igagama jiraan.

Waxaad tiri waan qabqabtay eheladaadii oo dhan. Taasi run weeye.

Waxaad igula talisay in aan u soo noqdo xaaskaygii, hadalkaas waxa ku jira xataa nacasku waa u bogi karaa.

Haddii hadalkaaga daacadnimo ku jirto kuma aad dhawaaqdeen in aad xaaskayga maraakiib dibadda ugu dhoofin doonto. Haddad nabad dhexdeenna ka doonayso sidaa si dhaanta baad iila dhaqmi lahayd. Mar hore iyo mar dhexeba iima aad falin wax wanaag ah, waxaana kugu habboon in aad haddeer iiga tacsiyayso waxaad igu markatay.
Imminka haddii waxaad sheegeysaa run tahay oo aad doonayso in aad ballan i siiso, iddaa dadka aan ka mid ahaadee. Haddiise aanad sidaa aqbalayn, waxay tegeysaa in aynu isu tabaabulshaysano, aniguna awood u helo in aan gartayda ku hor keeno, dadkana garsoor ka helo.

Haddii wax yar gar la iigu helo, anigu dacwo kama qabo. Sidaa daraaddeed, haddii xaqa lay mariyo raalli baan noqonayaa, far dambena fiiqi maayo, dhibi maayo Habar Yoonis, Habar Awal iyo Habar Jecloba. Waxaana ka leeyahay Cabdi Dheeere, markuu yiri, “Anaa diley Shiikh Yuusuf, waayo Shiikh Yuusuf wuxuu diley 60 qof oo dadkayaga ka mid ah.” War magaca Ilaahay baan kugu weydiinayaa in aad baarto in wadaadkaasi weligii wax diley, ina allaha ka dhigee, aniguna wax ma dilin. Haddaan weligay adduunkana wax ku diley ama amarkayga wax lagu diley ama raallinimadayda iyo ogaanshahayga soo cadday.

Saxiix ma lahayn

Isla markaa Sayidku waraaq buu Talyaaniga u diray, wuxuuna u sii dhiibay Xaaji Firxad oo ahaa Darwiish la hubo inuu isaga iyo Ingiriiska dhex galo, isla markaa waa ogaa inay yihiin laba cadow oo u heshiiyey, Waxaad mooddaa in Sayidku ka cabsi qabey in Talyaanigu ku soo duulo, oo uu waraaqda uga dan lahaa siyaasad. Siduu ku qoray waraaqdaasi Waaligii Talyaaniga Banaadir u fadhiyey waxay soo gaartey bishii Abriil horaanteedii 1920kii, warqaddii waa tan:

[Ferro e Fuoco in Somalia, da Francesco Saverio Caroselli, Rome, 1931; p. 272.]

Ai primi di aprile giungeva, a mezzo di corrieri dervisc di Belet Uen, una lettera diretta dal Mulla “Agli Italiani” con la quale, in sostanza, giustificando la sua rapida sconfitta coll’attriburla a defezione dei suoi seguaci Dulbohanta, chiedeva la nostra mediazione presso gli Inglesi.

Sappi: quando hai consegnate le armi ai Migiurtini per distruggerci noi ci siamo a te rivolti per avere armi. A mezzo di Taminlaie ti abbiamo mandato una lettera che pero non ha servito a nulla poiche la nostra parola non e’ state ascoltata. Allora ci siamo rivolti agli.
Inglesi in vece tua sperando net loro aiuto o che, per lo meno, ci avessero lasciati indisturbati. E dopo aver scritto la lettera, mentre ci preparavano a partire, l’inganno e’ caduto sopra di noi che eravamo sparsi per i diversi paesi: alcuni in guerra contro i Migiurtini, alcuni intenti a fabbricare le case, alcuni a coltivare i campi, alcuni a costruire strade per la montagna e altri infine nella regione del Nogal.

Gl’Inglesi che sapevano questo ci son piombati addosso con tutta la gente e con sei volatili (aeroplani). Per tal fatto ci siamo sabandati e non c’e’ stato piu’ accordo fra di noi: i Dulbohanta nella maggior parte si sono arresi agli inglesi c han loro consegnato ventisette garese case) ricolme di fucili, munizioni e danaro. Senza tema di errare, quelli che hanno defezionato, passando agli inglesi, ammontano a dodicimila persone, la maggior parte armti. I pastori si sono impossessati dei nostri beni, il personale di fiducia ha trattenuto le nostre famiglie, i nostri figli, e ogni cosa essi hanno consegnato agli inglesi.

Circa la notizia dei sei volatil (aeroplani) sappi che li abbamo abbattuti. Per quel che riguarda i morti sappi che non c’e’ stato contatto fra noi e gl’inglesi per la guerra, pero’ vi sono stati circa dieci uomini dei nostri uccisi e mille fra bambini e donne vecchie: questa notizia e certa.

E ora diciamo: siamo arrivati a questo confine e desideriamo tu faccia qualcosa per noi nel senso di intervenire fra noi e gli inglesi per restituirci le nostre famiglie, figili, beni, terrtori. E cosi c’impegnamo sopra la nostra anima di stare in pace, tranquilli e di non disturbare mai piu’ le altre genti ee prenderemo la te la bandiera. Questo abbiamo scritto. Saluti.

Warqaddaas af Soomaali waxa loogu tarjami karaa sidatan:

Bisha Abriil, horraanteedii, waxaa ka yimid Daraawiishta Beled Weyne, warqad dhambaal Wadaadku ku soo toosiyey Talyaaniga, oo uu kaga cudur daaranaayo jabkiisa soo degdegey, una nisbeynaayo kala tagga dadkiisa raacsanaa ee Dhulbahante ahaa, codsanayana inaan u dhex galno isaga iyo Ingiriiska.

Ku Socota: Talyaaniga,

Ogow, markaad Majeerteen hubka gacanta ka saarteen. si ay noo baabi’iyaan, waxaannu kaa barinnay inaad hub na siiso. Tani waxaannu kuugu dhiibney waraaq, waxbase ma tarin, hadalkayagiina dhegba looma jalaqsiin. Markaasaanu ka codsannay Ingiriiska, waxaan ku weydiisannay, annagoo rajaynayna gargaarkiisa, ama nagala daayo qulquladaha. Markii warqadda la qoray ka dib, annagoo u diyaarsanayna inaan soo noqono, baa nala dhagray, annagoo kala maqan nagu dhacday oo dhawr meelood kala jira, qaarkayo la dagaallamaayo Majeerteen qaarkayona guryo dhisayo, qaarkayona beero falaayaan, qaarna jidad buuraha ka qoraayaan, qaarna Gobolka Nugaaleed jiraan ayaa dhagartii na qabsatay.

Ingiriiska oo saas ogaa, ayaa dagaal nagu qaaday, isagaoo dhammaan wata col iyo 6 dayuuradood, sidaas awgeed baa naloo furtay, muwaafaqona dhexdayadii waa ka dhalan weydey. Dhulbahantaha intii badnayd waxay isu dhiibtay Ingiriiska, gacantana ka saareen 21 qalcadood oo banaadiikh, rasaas iyo lacagi ka buuxdo, iyagoo aan ka baqayn gefka ku saabsan kala kacaas, ay ku wareegeen, iyagoo tiradoodu tahay 12000 oo qof, oo inta badani hub wadato. Xoola raacdiina waxay gacanta ku dhigeen maalkayagii, shaqaalihii aamminka ahaa waxay ceshadeen xaasaskayagii, iyo carruurtayadii, wax walbana Ingiriiskay u gudbiyeen.

Lixdii dayuuradood khabaarkooda, ogow, inaanu soo ridney. Tan ku saabsan dhimasha, ogow, annaga iyo Ingiriisku dagaal kuma kulmin, waxase jira 10 nin oo annaga naga mid ah ayaa la diley, iyo kun carruur ah, naago gaboobey. Warkaasi waa hubaal.

Hadda, waxaan leennahay, waxaanu nimid xuduudkan, waxaannu rabnaa, inaad wax noo qabatid, oo aad na dhex gashid annaga iyo Ingiriiska, si uu noogu soo celiyo xaasaskayagii, carruurtayadii, xoolahayagii iyo dalkayagii, sidaas baannu ku ballan qaadaynaa nabadgelyo iyo degganaansho (xasillooni) oo aanaan carqaladeynayn weligayo dad kale, waxaannuna kaa qaadaan doonnaa calan. Intaasaan soo qorey.

Salaamaad.

Maxamad Bin Cabdulle Bin Xasan Nuur

ERGADII INGIRIISKA

Intii labadaas waraaqood iyo raggii qaaday laga war dhawraayey waxa Daraawiishtu isku deydey in ciidan la dumo oo col la qalqaalo, wareegana loo meeleeyo, maxaa yeelay waxa lagu tala jirey in Ingiriis lagu rogaal celiyo. Iyadoo weli ururintii iyo tabaabulshihii lagu jiro ayaa waxa yimid dariiqadii ergo Ingiriiska ka socota oo ka kooban 10 nin oo maqaawiirta Soomaalida Ingiriisku u taliyo ah danta loo soo dirayna ay ahayd inay Sayid Maxamed la hadlaan ama dhexdhexaadiyaan Daraawiish iyo Ingiriiska, magacyadoodiina wexey ku yaalliin waraaqda inoo iman doonta.

Nimankaasi waxay ahaayeen xagga diinta, xagga doodda, xagga dariiqooyinka iyo xagga dadnimadaba rag la soo xulay oo loo gartay inay Sayidka iyo raggiisa u dhigmi karaan, hase ahaatee, waxa la weriyey markii waaligii ku yiri Daraawiish iyo Sayid Maxamad baad u kacaysaan in qaarkood ay hugii tuureen habeenkiina dardaarmeen, maxaa yeelay waxay la ahayd ama ay rumaysnaayeen hadday Ina Cabdille Xasan hortiisa tagaan inuu qoorta ka guri doono, waayo agtiisa gaalay ka ahaayeen in qoorta laga guraana waajib bay ahayd. Hase ahaatee Ingiriiskaa wuxuu ku yiri isagoo dhiirrinaya, “Waxba idin yeeli maayaan, maxaa wacay diinta Islaanku waxay qabtaa inaan ergada la layn, waxna la yeelin. Sidaas daraaddeed anaa idiin ballan qaaday inuusan waxba idiin geysan oo aad nabad ku soo noqotaan.”

Ergadaas waxa la socdey Sheekh Cali Guuxa oo ahaa ninkii Sayidku waraaqda u sii dhiibay; markay yimaadeen daartii Qorraxey oo weli Daraawiishi fadhido ayaa Sayidkii laba nin oo faras ah horay loogu diray si loo war geliyo. Ka dib markii nimankaasu xaruntii tageen degdeg bay Sayidkii ula kulmeen warqaddii Ingiriisku sii diray oo afar shardi ku qoran tahayna waa u dhiibeen. Hase ahaatee Sayidku waraaqdaa qiime uma yeelin maxaa yeelay wax faa’iida ah ama waxtar ah kama garan. Waraaqdii waa tan:

[The Mad Mullah of Somaliland, by Douglas Jardine, O.B.E. (Secretary to the Administration, Somaliland, 1916-21) First Edition: London 1928; p. 191.]

The following is a translation of the letter continuing the peace terms which the ergo took with them:

“To Sayyid Mohamed bin Abdulla. May God preserve him in good health. After compliments, l inform you this letter is sent with importan people, recognised leaders of the din (religion), the Government, and the tribes. Their names are:

1. Sheikh Ismail bin Sheikh Is-haak, head of the Salihieh tarika
2. Sheikh Abdillah bin Sheikh Madder, head of the Kadarieh tarika
3. Sheikh Mohamed Hussein, head of the Andarawieh tarika
4. Akil Ali Adan, Habar Yunis, reer Sugulleh, baha Deria
5. Akil Jama Madder, Habar Yunis, rer Sugulleh, rer Robleh Sugulleh
6. Akil Haji Ibrahim Warsama, Habar Yunis, rer Sugulleh, baha Sugulleh
7. Akil Hirsi Hussein, Habar Yunis, rer Hussein
8. Akil Haji Abdillahi Jama, Habar Tojala, rer Dahir
9. Akil Axmed Yasin, Habar Tojala, Sulamadoo
10. Akil Ali Guleid, Habar Awal, rer Ahmed.

These men are being sent to you as an ergo to discuss aman and to offer terms. And you are aware that under Somali custom the Mohamadan sharieh as well as under Government practice, an ergo has safe conduct from all, and is entitled to the hospitality extended to strangers, so do not abuse this rule. They are my delegates and the words they bring are sincere and true. If you do not accept the terms I offer, then return the ergo in the way in which they have come, i.e. in safety. God is the judge of what is right. But if you accept my terms, then come with my delegates in aman so that all men may know you come in this manner. I have treated your ergo with kindness, and I now send them back to you. That is one thing.

Now, with regard to your letter I need say nothing, for it does not make your intentions clear; and in sending a reply many people advise me I am wasting time. This may be true. But your ergo swear on the Qoran that you desire aman: and I feel it is better to effect peace by settlement than war, if it is possible. So I have sent you this letter under my signature, offering you terms of peace in case you wish to end a quarrel of 21 years and live in immunity for the rest of your days. You have tasted the bitterness of war. You will do well to try the consolations of comfort.

The conditions I offer are:

First, I will assign to you a locality on the Galbeid (western) side, suitable for grazing stock and making gardens where, with your people, you can establish a Dervish tarika. And I will restore to you your children and your relatives now in my hand. Their names are recorded by your envoys Sheikh Ali Guhar and Osman bin Sheikh Hassan.

Secondly, the stock you bring with you will be yours, and if it is not enough then I will restore to you sufficient to meet the requiremens of your people, stock, pay, and so forth, so that your tarika will be on the same footing as other tarika under the protection of the Government. I will not interfere with your religion: and if you desire to go to Mecca you will be able to go as others, in raha, Government affording facilities.

Thirdly, you on your part will have nothing to do with the ordering of the tribes by government; for this is a matter dealt with through Akils, not Sheikhs, who are concerned only with the administration of the Sharieh Mohammedieh.

Forthly, if any disputes arise between you and the tribes-people the matter will be referred for the orders of Government. And the Court will be open to you as to others for the hearing of cases and for the giving of fair and impartial judgements. It is now for you to accept these terms or to reject them. There is nothing between yes or no. And if you accept, come with my ergo within a space of forty days.

(Signed) G. F. ARCHER,
Governor, British Somaliland.

Warqadaas waxa af Soomaali loogu tarjami karaa sida tan:

Ku: Sayid Maxamed Bin Cabdalla. Ilaahay caafimaad wanaagsan ha ku siiyo. Salaan ka dib, waxaan ku ogeysiinayaa in warqadda laguugu soo dhiibay rag ikhyaar ah oo loo aqoonsan yahay inay yihiin culimo, kuwo dawladda ka socda iyo tolalkaba. Magacyadooduna waa:

1. Shiikh Ismaaciil Bin Shiikh Isaaq oo madax u ah dariiqada Saalixiya.
2. Shiikh Cabdullaahi Bin Shiikh Madar oo madax u ah dariiqada Qaadiriye.
3. Shiikh Maxamad Xuseen, oo madax u ah dariiqada Aldaraawiya.
4. Caaqil Cali Aadan, Habar Yoonis, reer Sugulle baha Diiriye.
5. Caaqil Jaamac Madar, Habar Yoonis, reer Sugulle reer Rooble.
6. Caaqil Xaaji Ibraahim Warsame, Habar Yoonis, reer Sugulle – baha Sugulle.
7. Caaqil Xirsi Xuseen, Habar Yoonis, reer Xuseen.
8. Caaqil Xaaji Cabdullaahi Jaamac, Habar Tol-jecle reer Daahir.
9. Caaqil Axmed Yaasiin, Habar Tol-jecle, Sulamaadow.
10. Caaqil Cali Guuleed, Habar Awal reer Axmed.

Raggaas ergo ahaan baa laguugu soo diray si ay kaagala xaajoodaan arrima ku saabsan heshiis nabadeed. Waad ogsoon tahay in ay qasab tahay xeerka Soomaalida iyo sharciga Muxamadiya iyo weliba xeerka dhaqanka dawladda, in ergada la nabad geliyo, iyo in la sooryeeyo sida martida; waana in aadan jebin xeerkaas. Raggaasi waa wafdi iga wakiil ah farriinta ay kuu sidaanna waa daacad iyo run, haddii aadan aqbalin shuruudaha aan kuu soo jeediyey waa inaad ii soo celisaa ergada sidii ay kuugu yimaadeen oo kale taas oo ah nabadgelyo. Allaa og wixii xaq ah. Haddiise aad oggolaatid shuruudahayga ama soo raaca ergadeyda si dadkoo dhammi u ogaado in sidaasi dhab kaa tahay. Ergadaadii si habsami ah ayaan u qaabbilay, haddana waa kuu soo dirayaa. Taasi waa arrinta kowaad. Haddaba wixii ku saabsanaa waraaqdaadii waxba ka oran maayo, maxaa yeelay caddeynmayso waxa aad damacsan tahay, dad badanina waxay igula taliyeen in aanan kaaga soo jawaabin oo wakhtigeyga ku lumin, sidaasi inay run tahay baa suurtawda, laakiin ergadaadii Quraankay ku dhaarteen inaad nabad dooneyso, anigana waxay ila tahay in nabad la gaaro hadday suurtowdo intii la dagaallami lahaa. Haddaba waxaan kuu soo dirayaa warqaddan oo saxiixeygu ku yaal oo aan ku muujinayo shuruudo aan nabad ku doonayo haddii aad dooneysid in aad dhammaysid colaaddii 21ka sano jirtey iyo in aad rabtid oo lagu siiyo magangelyo inta cimrigaaga ka hartay. Waad dhadhamisay kharaarka dagaalka. Haddaba way habboon tahay in aad isku daydo nolol deggan oo raaxo leh.
Shuruudaha aan kuu soo jeedinayaa waxay yihiin: Waa marka hore e, waxaan adiga iyo dadkaaga u goynayaa dhul dhinaca galbeed ku yaal oo daaqsin leh dad ilaalinayana aan u yeelno halkaas oo aad ka abuurato dariiqo Daraawiish ah. Waxaan kuu soo celinayaa carruurtaadii iyo qaraabadaadii oo haatan gacantayda ku jirta. Magacyadoodii waxay u qoran yihiin ergadaadii oo ahaa Shiikh Cali Guuxaa iyo Cismaan bin Shiikh Xasan.
Tan labaad xoolaha aad wadato adaa yeelan doona. Haddeeyan kugu fillayn waxaan kuu soo celinayaa xoolo dadkaaga baahida ka haqab tira, ha ahaadeen xoolo nool, mushaar iyo wixi la mida, si dariiqadaadu ugu noolaato heerka ay ku nool yihiin diriiqooyinka kale ee dawladda maganta u ah. Diintiinna faragelin maayo, haddii aad dooneysid inaad Maka aaddana waa kuu suuroobi doontaa, sida dadka kale si raaxa leh, dawladdaana ku siineysa awooddaas.

Tan saddexaad adiga nafsaddaadu waxba kuma darsan doontid taliska tolalka ee dawladdu mas’uulka ka tahay. Maxaa wacay taasi waa arrin ay mas’uul ka yihiin caaqilladu ee ma aha arrin ay fara gelin karaan shiikhyadu oo hawshoodu tahay maamulka arrimaha shareecada Maxamadiyada.

Midda afraad haddii doodi ka dhex dhalato adiga iyo tolalka, arrintaas waxa mas’uul ka ah dawladda. Maxkamadahu way kuu furan yihiin sida dadka kale si dacwooyinka kiisaska loo dhegeysto, xukun caddaalad lehna loo rido. Haddaba adigey kula gudboon tahay in aad oggolaato ama diiddid shuruudahaa. Haa iyo maya waxba uma dhexeeyaan. Haddii aad oggolaatid soo raac ergadayda, afartan maalmood gudahoodna ku imow.

(Waxaa saxiixay)
G. F. AAJAR
Gubarnatoore, Soomaalilaanta Ingiriiska

Aad baa nimankaa ergada ahaa xaruntii Daraawiishta loogu xurmeeyey, weji wanaagsan iyo qalbi furan baa lagala hor yimid, aqal loo dhisayna waa la geeyey, sooryo haqabla’, hadal macaan, haasaawe gobeed, hawraar wacan iyo hagar la’aan baa wax loogu qabtay. In kastoo mar iyo labo Sayidku ku tashaday in uu laayo haddana waa la ahaan weydey. Hadduu maalintaa nimanka ergada ah laayo maxaa dhici lahaa? Waxay nala tahay waxba, maxaa yeelay waxay ahayd wax Sayid Maxamad laga filaayey horuuna hadalkiisa u caddeeyey oo wuxuu yiri:

Dembi ma leh cadaawaha ninkii, deli ka xooraaye
Derejuu Ilaahiis ka heli, labada daaroode
Dubku iima naxo nimay kufriga, deris wadaagaane.

Hase ahaatee, in toddobaad ka yar markay xarunta joogeen ayaa inta jiscinkii loo adkeeyey la ambabixiyey. Rag Daraawiishta taariikhdeeda wax ka sheegay wexey yiraahdeen gabaygan ergadaasaa loo mariyey, hase yeeshee, raad malaha:

Sagaal nin oo walaala ah sideennaas
Siddeed isku bah tahay sidiinnaas
Ninkuna bah gaar yahay sidaydaas
Siddeeduna ninkii siri sidiinnaas
Ninkuna sirtii garan sidaydaas
Haddaynu isa siri sideennaba
Mayska kala tagnaa sideedaba!

Ka dibna waraaq aan qiima weyn lahayn ayaa Ingiriiska loogu dhiibey iyadoo aannu ka soo guurinnay buugga la yiraahdo The Mad Mullah of Somaliland, waa tan:

[The Mad Mullah of Somaliland, by Douglas Jardine, O.B.E. (Secretary to the Administration, Somaliland, 1916-21) First Edition; London 1923; p. 301.]

He clearly desired that the assembled Ogaden might know the reply and see that he was making a peace under which he would be given back the great wealth he had lost. The reply ran as follows: “This letter is sent by me to His Excellency the Governor Archer. I inform you that your messengers reached me safely in good health, and all here were pleased with them. I have accepted the peace terms they borught me willingly, but not compulsion, namely:

1. You are to return to me my stock, consisting of camels, cattle, sheep and goats, ponies, mules, and donkeys, my slaves, firearms, coins, anbar scent, diamonds, pearls, feathers, and reading books.
The golden coins amount to £100000
The feathers are feathers of 900 ostriches
Piastres, 30000
Dollars, 20000
Other small coins not counted
20 boxes of anbar (scent)
Five boxes of diamonds
1000 pearls
Two pieces of ivory.
Very many firearms, among which there were four machine guns (two large and two small), four other guns (one of four shells, one of two, one of one, and the other small), thirty maxim guns, many revolvers, and all kinds of rifles.
This is one condition.

2. The other is that you return to me all those of my men who may have fallen into your hands either on desertion from me or captured by you in war.

3. The third condition is that you give me back all my land as well as the buildings demolished by you, and that you also afford me aman with no enmity on the part of the Warsangeli, Mijertein, or others.

Further, there should be no trickery or ill-conduct, and no one is to interfere with our religion or business, there should be no interference with this.

Oh, Governor Archer! I am Sayid Mohammed! I know you! When lately I was ill-treated by the Italian Government, who caused trouble between myself, the Mijertein, the Hawiye, and the Ogaden by giving firearms to my enemies, I warned the Italian Government that I was offended with them on account of their ill-treatment, and that I had moved to the British side of the border to avoid all fitna quarrels. My intention then was to send you a letter with some of my elders and a caravan, but, before this could be done, you attacked me without any cause or fault of mine, and I am oppressed. Further, the aeroplanes have oppressively attacked me, and this is a great abuse to a man in my position. You have also killed forty of my children who were infants and innocents. You are, therefore, liable for their blood-money.

I have heard that you are a good man and there are others who are my enemies. I am, therefore, quite willing to undertake your settlement.

Warqaddaas waxa af Soomaali loogu tarjami karaa sidatan:

Wuxuu rabey in dadka Ogaadeen oo meesha ku soo ururay inay ogaadaan jawaabtiisa oo arkaan in uu nabad doonayo loona soo celiyo xoolihii badnaa ee ka lumay.

Jawaabtaasi waxay ahayd sida hoos ku qoran:

Warqadatan waxaan u diray Mudane Taliye Aajar, waxaan ku soo ogeysiinayaa in ay ergadaadii nabad iyo caafimaad noogu yimaadeen, annana waanu ku faraxnay imaatinkooda. Anigu waan oggolaaday qodobbadii heshiiska oo ay ergadaadu ii keeneen, laakiin khasab ku oggolaan meyno gaar ahaan:

1. Waa inaad ii soo celiso xoolahaygii oo ka koobnaa: geel, lo’, ido, riyo, fardo, buquul, dameero, bidood, banaatiikh, lacag, cambar, dheeman, luul, baal gorayo iyo kutub.
— Dahab qiimihiisu dhan yahay £100000.
— 900 oo baal goroyo ah.
— 30000 oo qarshi.
— 20000 oo doollar.
— Lacag kale oo googgo’ ah oo aan tirsanayn.
— 20 santuukh oo canbar ah.
— Shan santuukh oo dheemman ah.
— 100 xabbo oo luul ah.
— Labo fool-maroodi.
— Banaatiikh badan oo ay ka mid ahaayeen afar doobe (labo waaweyn iyo labo yaryar), afar qori oo kale (mid afar-qaad ah iyo mid labo-qaad ah, mid xabbad-keliyaale ah iyo mid yar), soddon gidhligaan, tamuujado badan yo banaatiikh jaad walba leh.
Kuwaasu waa qodobka koowaad.

2. Qodobka kale wuxu yahay inaad ii soo celisid dhammaan raggii aad haysatid, ha ahaadeen kuwo aad dagaal ku qabateen ama kuwo iga soo fakaday.

3. Waa inaad ii soo celisaa dalkaygii oo dhan iyo daarihii aad iga dumiseen, waa inaad i nabad gelisaan, colaadii na dhexmarin aniga iyo Warsangeli, Majeerteen iyo tolol kale wax ka qabataa. Teeda kale, waa inaysan jirin khiyaamo iyo falaad-xumo, cidina ayan nagu faro gelin diintayda iyo hawlahayga.

Waryaa Taliye Aajar! War anigu Sayid Maxamad baan ahay! Anigu waan ku aqaan! Bed dhoweyd si xun bay ii gashay dawladda Talyaanigu, taasoo dhibaato ka dhex abuurtay aniga iyo Majeerteen, aniga iyo Hawiye iyo aniga iyo Ogaadeen cadowgii aan lahaana hub bay ku bantookhday. Falaad-xumadaas dawladda Talyaaniga waan uga digey, waanna u sheegay in la i xumeeyey, dhinaca soohdinta Ingiriiskana waan u guuray si aan fidmadda uga baxo. Waxaan magganaa inaan duqowdayda iyo garawaan ay wataanba warqad kuugu soo dhiibo, hase ahaatee, inaan taasi suurogal noqon ay aad sabab la’aan igu soo weerartay, anigoo aan waxba geysan, waanna dulmanahay. Teeda kale, si gardarro huwan ayay dayuuradihii igu soo weerareen, taasina nin sidayda oo kale ah xumaan weyn bay ku tahay. Waxaad kaloo disheen carruurtaydii oo idil, kuwaasoo ahaa dhallaan yaryar, oo aan dembi lahayn. Sidaas daraaddeed, waxaa lagaaga fadhiyaa inaad diyadoodii bixisid.

Ergadii Ingiriisku soo diray danta weyn oo loo soo diray waxay ahayd laba hal:

1. Inay Sayidka la taliyaan oo tusaan inay wanaagsan tahay in uu dagaalka joojiyo oo Ingiriiska la heshiiyo oo shuruud adagna la dhigto sida Ingiriisku doonayo si arlada nabadi uga dhacdo, oo dalku u xasilloonaado.

2. Inay soo ilaaleeyaan, Daraawiishta xooggeeda iyo xoolaheeda si loo ogaado ama loogu tala galo ciidankooda inta uu le’eg yahay iyo siday xoolo u haystaan.

In kastoo aan rag si wax u wada ilaalayn, sahankuna si wax u wada arag, qaarkood waxay yiraahdeen: Sayid Maxamad dagaal mooyee heshiis lagama filo, dad iyo duunyana Daraawiishi waa dhaqan tahay lagumana duuli karo, dagaal loogu jilib dhigo mooyee si kale wax loogama tari karo, qaar kalena waxay yiraahdeen meesha xoolaa joogey ee rag dagaal geli karaa ma joogin, Sayid Maxamadna talo iyo tabar midna ma hayo.

TALYAANI IYO SAYID MAXAMAD

Xaaji Tamiinlaaye oo Talyaani ergo ugu maqnaa ayaa soo noqday oo wuxuu keenay waraaq Talyaanigu kaga soo jawaabay waraaqdii loo diray, hase ahaatee, Sayidku siduu Talyaaniga ka filaayey kama helin maxaa yeelay gaalo waa is og tahay. Waraaqdii Talyaanigu soo diray waa tan:

[Ferro e Fuoco in Somalia, da Francesco Saverio Caroselli, Roma 1931, p. 273.]

Gli fu, dal Governatore, risposto con la seguente lettera:

A Sech Mohamed bin Abdalla bin Sech Assan Nur,

Saluti. E dopo i saluti sappia che ho ricevuto la tua lettera ee ho capito tutto. Ho fatto conoscere al potente Governo d’ltalia a Roma, che Dio lo proegga sempre, quali sono i tuoi desideri e le tue intenzioni ed aspetto che venga una risposta per poterla comunicare subito.

Intanto ti dico che, per quanto la tua domanda abbia valore e meriti attenzione, pure non e’ possibile dimenticare quello che e’ avvenuto da quando facesti atto di sotto missione al Governo fino ad oggi. Allora, dopo avere fatte tante promesse e aver firmato un patto scritto a Ilig, ti sei subio dato a compiere razzie contro le pacifiche popolazioni dei Sultani che sono protetti dalla nostra bandiera. Ti sei ritirato all’interno ed hai continuato ad aggredire le tranquille nostre genti razziando loro il bestiame, mentre era ai pascoli ed hai fatto questo violando il patto di Ilig che doveva essere sacro. Le nostre popolazioni si sono dovute armare e difendersi dalle incursioni dei tuoi armati. Ora sei venuto a (Daba Uen) e, dalle informazioni che mi sono pervenute, pare che anche da quel posto tu cominci a stabilire accordi con gli Ogaden di oltre confine, che sono stati finora nostri amici, allo scopo di compiere razzie ovunque.

Ora ti dico: se tu oggi sei venuto animato da intenzioni amichevoli, occorre che tu dimostri coi fatti quello che hai scritto nella tua lettera e cioe’ devi ordinare alle tue genti e ai tuoi capi di non com-Italia-Inghiltera-Germania-da: Gustavo Chiesi, Italia 1909, 273. mettere nessuna razzia contro le nostre popolazioni, perche’ da parte mia io devo far sapere al mio Governo, che Dio lo protegga, che tu sei effettivamente mutato da quello che eri una volta.
Il garande Governo d’Italia prendera’ sostanzialmente da quello che io scrivero’ a Roma a tuo riguardo.

Se quindi tu e le tue gente riuscite a vivere tranquilli e a non dare molestia alle notre popolazioni io potro’ far conoscere al mio Governo quanto vale la tua parola e solo cosi il Governo potra’ prendere in benevole considerazione la tua lettera e quanto in essa hai scritto.

Voglio sperare che ti comporetrai nel modo come ti ho spiegato e ti invito a rispondermi al piu’ presto che hai tutto capito e che vivrai tranquillo in attesa di una risposta decisiva del Grande Governo d’Italia. Aspetto, dunque una tua risposta. Saluti.

IL GOVERNATORE DEL BENADIR
F.to: Giovanni Cerrina Feroni.

Waxa Taliyuhu ugu jawaabey waraaqdan soo socota:

Ku Socota: Sheekh Maxamad Bin Cabdulle Bin Sheekh Xasan Nuur, Salaamaad.

Salaan ka dib, ogow inaan helay waraaqdaadii oo aan gartey dhammaan. Waxaan ogeysiiyey dawladda Talyaaniga ee awoodda leh waxaad rabtey iyo waxaad damacsanaydba, waxaan sugayaa inay timaado jawaab aan degdeg kuugu soo tebiyo.
Haddaba, waxaan ku leeyahay, bacdamaa codsashadaadu qaayo leedahay oo ay mudan tahay in loo dhug yeesho, misna ma suura gasho in la ilaawo wixii dhacay, ka bilaabata intii ku siman markaad qiratey inaad u hoggaansanto dawladda, ilaa iyo maanta, bacdamaa aad ballanno badan qaaddey oo aad saxiixdey heshiis qoran – Ilig, ayaad ahaatay isla markiiba kii dhacay ummaddii nabadda ahayd ee Suldaannada, kuwaasoo calankayagu daafacaayey.

Waxaad dib ugu guratay duurka, waxaanad ku qaaddey weerar, dadkayagii nabad ahaa, adigoo dhacaaya xoolohoodii oo daaqaaya, saasna waxaa keenay inaad heshiiskii Iligeed jebiso, taasoo ahayd in la dhawro.

Dadkayaga waxaa khasab ku noqotey iney hubka qaataan si ey isaga daafacaan dhibaatooyinka kaga imanaaya colkaaga. Hadda, waxaad timid Dhooba-Weyn akhbaarta i soo gaarteyna, waxaa iiga muuqata, inaad halkaas ka bilaabi doonto inaad heshiis la suubsato Ogaadeenka, xuduudka ka shisheeya, kuwaasoo ah ilaa hadda saaxiibbadaya, adigoo dantaadu tahay inaad meel dhac ka riddo.

Haddaba, waxaan ku leeyahay: haddaad maanta la timid niyad saaxiibtinimo waxa loo baahan yahay inaad ficil ku muujiso, wixii aad ku soo qortey warqaddaadii, adigoo ku amraaya dadkaaga iyo madaxdaada in ayan wax dhac ah dadkayaga u geysan, xaggayagana waa inaan war geliyaa dawladdayada, Ilaahay ha dhawree in aad is beddeshey oo aanad ku noqonayn, wixii aad horay u dhigtay.

Dawladda weyn ee Talyaaniga, wax bay ka qaban doontaa wixii aan Rooma ugu qoro, ee xaggaaga ah.

Haddaba, haddii adiga iyo dadkaagu aad awooddaan inaad ku noolaataan si nabadeed, oo aydiinaan cidhiidhi gelin dadkayaga, waan awoodi karaa inaan ogeysiiyo dawladdayada, intuu hadalkaagu qiimaha leeyahay. Sidaas keliya baa dawladdu ku awoodi kartaa inay ka qaadato warqaddaada iyo wixii aad ku qorteyba taqdiir wanaagsan.
Waxaan jeclahay, oo rajaynayaa inaad u hoggaansami doontid sidaan kor kuugu soo asteeyey, waxaanan codsanayaa inaad ii soo jawaabtid, si dhakhso leh, inaad garatey dhammaan oo aad degganaansho ku noolaan doontiin, idinkoo dhawraaya jawaab ka soo fusha dawladda weyn ee Itaaliya. Waxaan kaa sugayaa, haddaba jawaab, salaamaad.

Waaliga Banaadir
Saxiixay: Jiyofaani Serriina Ferooni

JABIDDII DARAAWIISHTA

Xilliyadii ergooyinka iyo waraaqaha la isu diraayey Daraawiishta waxa ku habsaday furuq, duumo iyo tacluus aad u naafaysay, waxyeello weynna u geystay. Waxay Daraawiishi halkaa ku weydey dad badan oo aan tiro lahayn oo uu ka mid ahaa Sayidka walaalkiis Khaliif Sheekh Cabdulle; kaasoo geeridiisii Daraawiishi garabka midig ku dhigtay. Sheeko run u dhow waxaanu ku maqallay wax alla wixii Sayid Maxamad dhibaata naxdin leh soo arkay saddex goor baa indhihiisa ilma lagu arkay.

1. Khaliif Sheekh Cabdilla markuu dhintay.
2. Maryama Sheekh Cismaan markay dhimatay.
3. Indha-ceel Daamey Raage markuu dhintay.

Dhibaatada xagga Ilaahay ka timid waxay kala tuurtay ama dib u dhigtay duullaankii lagu tala jirey in Ingiriis lagu rogaal celiyo, hase ahaatee, ma suura gelin, maxaa yeelay raggii madaxda ahaa, ammaanduuleyaashii dagaalka maamuli jirey, iyo ciidankii qalalaasaha iyo weerarka kartida u lahaa badankoodii waa dhinteen, qaarkoodna waa taagdarreeyeen, qaarkoodna Daraawiish waa ka tageen, inta meesha joogtaana in kastoo ayan gaalada jeclayn ma niyad fiicnayn.

Ingiriisku markuu ogaaday Daraawiishi inay dhaqan tahay Sayid Maxamadna dagaal mooyee aan heshiis laga filayn, duullaan lagu saaraana aanu suura geleyn wuxuu abaabulay guuto Soomaali ah oo u daba taagan yahay; wuxuu kiciyey degmooyinkii arladaa degganaa isagoo ku adeeganaya Caaqillo dadka qabaa’ilkaa madax u ahaa isagoo siinaya hub, saanad, wareego iyo waxay u baahnaayeen oo dhan, kuna af gobaadsanaya Wadaadkii ciidan ma haysto oo laga kala teg ee xoolaha cidlada iska jooga kaalaya soo kaxaysta dawladduna waydinku taageereysaa, sidaa daraaddeed, ayaa waxa lagu soo saaray guuto afar madax u kala socda oo uu dusha sare uga talinaayo Xaaji Warsame Bullaale “Xaaji Waraabe” waxa garwade u ahaa rag Daraawiish ka baxsaday. Iyadoo Daraawiishi tabarxun tahay oo aan talo iyo tabar midna hayn, arrintooduna tahay gorayo habeen ku dumay oo kale ayaa guutadaasi goor subax ah weerar ku ballaarisay, adduun waxay Daraawiishi haysatayna waa taabay. Xoolo kale ha joogeene geelii maalintaa Daraawiish laga helay wuxuu la baxay Hagoogane. Magacaas waxa loogu bixiyey ninkii colkaas la socday oo geelaas wax ka saanyoodey kibir la hagoogtay, ninkii ka haray markuu arkay raggii ka saami qaatay siday u hodmeen ciil buu la hagoogtay. Ninkii laga dhacayna calool xumuu la hagoogtey.

Mar labaad ayaa Daraawiishi halkaa ku naafatay oo ninba meeshuu naf biday u kacay. Sayidkii iyo rag la socodaa waxay u carareen dhinaca koonfur galbeed waxayna nafta la galeen buur weyn oo la yiraahdo Qarrijiqood oo Webi Shabeelle dhinaca waqooyi ka xigta. Dhawr boqol oo Daraawiish ah oo aan marnaba ku tashan inay Sayidka ka haraan ayaa ka daba tegey, degmooyin meelahaa yiilna wax yar oo cunta ah laga helay, Daraawiishi waa cayr, waxar geedo daaqda laguma oga, dadna meelu joogaba waa u col. Habeenkaasu Sayidku u yeeray raggii meesha joogey oo wuxuu yiri, “Adduun waa sidaad aragtaan, ninkii caawa tala garanayow tali.” Rag wuxuu yiri, “Aan Adari iyo Xabashi gallo.” Ragna wuxuu ku taliyey, “Aan Talyaani iyo Xamar u galno.” Ragna wuxuu soo jeediyey, “Beer ka falannayaa iyo meel kale Ilaah daa’iro inaka siiyaaba, aan biyaha Webi Shabeelle u kacno.”
Aw Cabdille Ibraahim oo aanu nolol ku aragnay ayaa Sayidkii u yeeray oo wuxuu ku yiri, “Aw Cabdillow rag sidaasuu ku taliyey ee caaway tali.” Wuxuu yiri, “Sayidii talo maaqaan.” Waa ku celiyey oo wuxuu yiri, “Cobdillow tali.” Wuxuu yiri, “Sayidii talo garan maayo.” Mar saddexaad buu ku celiyoo wuxuu yiri “Cabdillow tali.”

“Sayidii, Adari iyo Xabashi inaan u galno ma garan; Sayidii inaan Talyaani u galnana ma garan; Sayidii ninkii ku taliyey aan biyaha Webi Shabeelle u kacno meeshuu ka qaaday baan ka qaaday, oo meeshuu dhigay baan dhigay.” Taas baana talo ku dhammaatay oo laysku raacay.

Hadduu maalintaa Talyaaniga u galo, maxaa dhici lahaa? Waxay nala tahay laba hal:

1. Marka hore Talyaanigu baal dheer buu ku gashan lahaa isagoo ugu faanaya Ingiriiska iyo dawladaha reer Yurub.

2. Tan labaad si xun iyo silic buu u dili lahaa haddaanu maalinta horeba karin.

Hase ahaatee, waxa suuragal ah in Ingiriisku Talyaaniga weydiin lahaa oo oran lahaa ii dhiib, Talyaaniguna waa u dhiibi lahaa. Hadday taasi dhacdana Ingiriisku ma dileen ee gasiirad buu ku xiri lahaa.

Waxa la weriyey in Sayidku habeenkii sheeko iyo majaajillo dadka ku maaweelinaayey si uu naxdinta iyo qalbi jabka haysto uga baabi’iyo. Waxa la yiri intuu Halac-Dheere maro weyn kula hagoogtay ayuu wuxuu yiraahdaa, “Daraawiishay yaan Halacdheere tusaa oo caaway qaalin geela i siinaaya?”

Aw Cabdille Ibraahim ayaa Sayidku laba waraaqood u sii dhiibay oo wuxuu ku yiri, “Mid Cismaan Gabbaa Duube boqor u ah u gee, una warran; midda kalena Cali-inteli Dhaadhi oo Caruusa boqor u ahaa u gee, una warran, arlada iyo dadka degganna ilaalay, naftaadana u feeyigow, meel aynu degnana inoo horseed, berri meeshaad maraysaan miraa ka bixi jirey ee laba nin kaxayso oo hadba waxaad ku aragtaan dib noogu soo celi.”

KA GUURIDDII BELED WEYNE

Waxaan horey u soo sheegnay in Talyaanigu intii itaalkiisa ku dadaalaayey inuu Beledweyne qabsado, danta uu ka lahaana ey ahayd laba hal:

1. Qorshaha Talyaaniga u dhigan oo ahaa. inuu taabo biyaha webi Shabeelle oo markaas isku xira webiga iyo Benaadir.

2. Inuu markaas Cali Yuusuf iyo Boqor Cismaan ku duulo, dabadeedna Xabashida duullaan ku kiciyo, maxaa yeelay, kama samrin dagaalkii Cadwa wixii ka gaarey iyo dantuu dalka Xabashida ka lahaa.

Hase ahaatee, Daraawiish baa uga itaal roonaatay dabadeedna markii askar badan iyo xoola lixaad lihi kaga lumeen ayuu dib uga hakaday aktoodana ka gaaray.

Markii Sayidku Xaaji Firxad iyo laba Darwiish oo la socda waraaqda Talyaaniga ugu sii dhiibey ayuu waraaq gaar ahaaneed u diray Daraawiishtii Baladweyne fadhidey.

Darwiishkii goobjoogga ahaa oo aannu xog warranka ka helnay wuxuu yiri, “Goor subax ah ayaa waxa daartii Aammin soo galay saddex nin oo awr u raran yahay, in laba saac ka yar hadday joogeen waa tageen. In yar ka dib ayaa Buunkii la afuufay. Markii laysu soo baxay ayaa Xaaji Maxamuud Macallin “Cagadhiig” hadlay oo wuxuu yiri, ‘Waraaq baa Sayidkii laga helay, Sayidkii iyo raggiisii xalay Qalqalooc bay ku hoydeen Daraawiishi meel kasta ha joogtee qola innaga fiican waa la waayey ducaa laynoo akhriyey derajana waa hesheen jahaadkuna Xamar buu u jeedaa hadalka intiisa kalena mar kalaan idiin sheegi doonaa.’

Markaasaanu farax daraaddeed rasaas badan ridney. Annagoo sidaa ku joogna muddadiina hilaadda saddex bilood na gudubtey ayaa goor galab ah anoo beer doofaar ka dhawraaya waxaan arkay sagaal nin oo awr laba haamood u saaran tahay oo aan ninna nin la socon oo wada tiicaaya, markaasaan waxaan is iri nimanku waa beleysan yihiin, ma bukaan, mase beley og yihiin, nimankaasu waxay ahaayeen sagaal Darwiish oo nin la oran jirey Faarax Daad wato, markii colku Daraawiishta Qorra ku galay ayey ka soo firxadeen, markay xeydaankii Aammin galeen oo loo gartay Daraawiish ayaa Xaaji Maxamuud qalcaddii la fuuley dabadeedna Faarax Daadna qol gaar ah buu la galay si uu u waraysto siddeedii kalena qol gaar ah ayuu geeyey oo wuxuu yiri cunto siiya, Faarax Daad wuxuu Xaajigii ugu warramay in Daraawiishi ay jabtay duunyo waxay haystayna laga dhacay, Sayidkii iyo boqol nin oo la socota xaggaa iyo Iimay bay u carareen, inta awrkoodii yicib iyo masaggo loogu raray ayaa la ambabixiyey, isla habeenkii ayaa Xaaji Maxamuud ii yeeray oo wuxuu yiri, ‘Gobi waa tii abaal gudda.’ Waxaan iri, ‘Kaaga marag, Xaaji Daraawiishi waa jabtay, Daraawiish aan innaga ahayn oo maanta dhaqan lama oga, Sayidkii iyo boqol nin oo la socotaana iyagoo Iimay iyo xaggaa u cararay ayaa la sheegay, caaway sagaal boqol oo Darwiish ayaa Beledweyne ku soo hoydey, raggaa adaan kaa doortay, Beledweyne waa ka baxaynaa, haddaynu ka tagnana Talyaani baa qabsanaaya, Muslinka iyo gaaladana Muslinkaa u xaq leh, orod oo ragga Cali Yuusuf oo Ceel Buur fadhiya ugu yeer, waxaa tiraahdaa Daraawiishi waa jabtay oo daartii Beledweyne waa ka baxeynaa. Talyaanina ayaa webiga labadiisa dhegood ka fadhiya, yuu idinka soo horreyne ka soo gaara shan habeen baan ku sugayaa Maxamuud Falaashna ha ku raaco oo cidlada ka wehesho.’ Subaxdii baan Beledweyne ka ambabaxay laba habeen haddaan dhexda ku jirney ayaa ninkii labaad socon waayey cidlaan kaga dhaqaayey oo waxaan ku iri, ceelkii ku noqo oo waxaad tiraahdaa ninkii gaalow oo Ferenjuu u galay, in kastoo aan sigtay laba habeen haddaan dhaxay ayaan Ceelbuur tegey.

Xirsi Guushaa iyo Cumar Samatar baa ka taliya degdeg iyo si dadaal leh baan ugu warramay waxay dantu tahayna waa u sheegay iyana ma dib dhigine si dedaal leh bay u tabaabusheysteen, barqaan u tegey duhurkiina way dareereen anigana gaar baa lay dul dhigay. Daraawiishi waxay ahayd dad Soomaali weyn isaga yimid oo magaca Sayidkaa isu hayey. Habeenkuu ka dhex baxana labo laba bixinayn, maantaannu ka tagnay maantii ku saddex ahayd ayaa Xaajigii dareen galay, nin xeel badan buu ahaa, intuu Daraawiishtii isugu yeeray ayuu wuxuu yiri, ‘Digniin baan helay, rasaas baan idiin qaybinayaaye nin walibow shakaddaada deyrka ka soo tuur waa leydinku saami qaybinayaaye, ninkii shan xabbadood haystaa.’ Wuxuu ahaa bal inuu wax siiyo daaye, markuu xabbad xabbaddii ugu jirtey kala baxay ayuu wixii dab ahaa ama saanad ahaa oo daarta yiil webiga raacsiiyey dabadeedna Daraawiishta wixii uu kalsooni ku qabay iyo xoolihii intuu kaxaystey, Sayidkii ka daba tegey. Dhawr habeen haddaannu soo dhaxnay shan boqol oo faras iyo lug ah anoo wada Xirsi Guushaana u madax yahay ayaan 29kii Luulyo 1920kii subaxnimadii soo geliyey Beledweyne, nafdhaqaaqda laguma oga, gabar lug la’ oo kici weydey ayaa dhex fadhida saasaa colkii Cali Yuusuf ku qabsaday.

Talyaanigii markuu maqlay taa waa ka xumaaday dabadeedna Cali Yuusuf buu u dacwoodey lix boqol oo buntukh oo hadiyad ahna waa u geeyey wuxuu yiri Beledweyne ha la iiga kaco Cali Yuusufna waa ka oggolaaday dabadeedna waraaq buu u diray askartiisii wuxuu yiri, Talyaaniga uga soo kaca. Sidaasaa Talyaanigu Beledweyne ku qabsaday, dagaal la’aan 4tii bishii Sebtembar 1920; hase ahaatee taladu gacanta uma gelin tan iyo 1925 ka hor.

[Qalcacldii Aamin, Beled Weyne]

Markaannu buugaggii Talyaaniga akhrinay taariikhdii Beledweyne dib u raacnay, sida Darwiishkaasi weriyey iyo sida Talyaanigu qoray waa isku mid, hase ahaatee, Talyaanigu wuxuu yiri, “Xaaji Maxamuud Cagadhiig markuu laba wargeys u diray askarta Cali Yuusuf wuxuu uga jeedey inuu annaga iyo Suldaan Cali Yuusuf xumaan ka dhex abuuro.”

DEGIDDII IIMEY

Labo casho ka dib ayaa dariiqadii guurtay oo limey afka saartay. Wexey sii kackufaanba, webi Shabeelle degtiisa waqooyi bay degeen. Aw Cabdulle waa yimid, hawshii loo dirayna waa ka soo warramay. Cismaan Gabbaa iyo raggiisii waxay ku shireen webiga degtiisa koonfur Daraawiishina waxay fariisatay degta waqooyi, webiguna daafuhu maryaa, hadalkase waa laysla gaaraa. Sayidku Aw Cabdulluu ku yiri, nimanka la hadla. Aw Cabdulle oo wilgada caan ku ahaa waxa uu yiri:

Ninkii san yaraa Subaac noqoyeey, sanweynta Allow siyaadee!

Saddex nin baa soo gudbey oo Sayidkii u yimid. Saddex maadhiinyare ayuu kala siiyey kolkaasuu la hadlay.

Nin wuxuu ku yiri, “Walaashaa baan doonay.”
Ninna wuxuu ku yiri, “Gabar baan ku siiyey.”
Ninna wuxuu ku yiri, “Gabadhaadaan doonay.”

Guud ahaanna wuxuu yiri, gaalaana na wadda oo magan baannu idiin nahay. Dhawr doonyood bay u keeneen oo waxay yiraahdeen degta kale u soo tallaaba, Daraawiishtiina habeenkii iyo galabtii bay gudbeen, lix nin iyo laba faras baa Yaxaas ka qaaday.

Arladu nabad maaha oo dhac iyo duullaan, weerar iyo qaad iyo wax xillaa ka taagan. In kastoo aad mooddo in garwade dalka aqoon u lihi Daraawiishta hor socdey ama lataliye daacad ah oo dhulka degi jirey garab taagan yahay, waxay degeen Go’ana Iimey Xaysinkeeda. Iimey waa buur aan weyneyn oo garangarsan oo dhinac webiga ku haysa, dhinaca kalena waa dhagax aan la fuuli karin.

Talo nagama waalla, socodna naguma jiro, itaal iyo awoodna mahayno. Subaxdii dambe ayaa Sayidkii iyo afar nin buurta fuuleen, Darwiishkii warka soo weriyey oo afartii nin ee buurta Sayidka la fuulay ka mid ahaa wuxuu yiri, “Sayidka hilibkii iyo culayskii baa ka batay oo markaanu buurta fuuleyney Abshir Dhoorre iyo Cismaan Boos waa garab galeen, anna waa badhi taaraayey.” Wuxuu yiri, “Markaanu buurtii indha indhaynay Sayidku intuu cabbaar aamusay oo hamiyey buu wuxuu yiri, ‘Halkan dhaafi mayno, berrina xoolaa inoo imanaya, waa inaynu buurta illin laga soo koro u samaynaa, dusheedana laba daarood ka dhisnaa.’ Sidaasaannu Iimey ku degney laba daaroodna looga dhisay. Waa meeshii ugu dambaysey oo Daraawiishi Qalcad dagaal ka dhisato, magacoodana ugu dambeysey.”

GEERIDII SAYIDKA

Horay waxaannu u soo sheegnay in guddoon lagu gaaray labo qalcaaood oo dagaal in laga dhiso buurta Iimey dusheeda, illin laga galana loo sameeyo. Markaana qalcad Sayidka looga dhiso buurta dusheeda. Iyado laysla oggolaaday taa in la meel mariyo, hawshiina lagu dhex jiro ayaa goor subaxa Sayidku laba nin kaxaystay oo wuxuu tegey meel webiga jiinkiisa ah oo meesha daarta weyn laga dhisayo aan ka fogeyn. Wuxuu damacsanaa inay labadaas nin gooyaan labo geed oo siiq ah oo webiga jiinkiisa ku yaal si daarta lagu qori saaro.

Iyadoo labadii nin geedkii goynayso, Sayidkiina ag fadhiyo oo dheri labada nin meseggo ku karsanaayeen hadba isku raacinaayo ayaa xanuun yar oo caajis lagu tilmaamay qabtay. In kastoo cabbaar uu is adkeeyey mar dambe ayuu kor u soo baxay oo wuxuu galay aqalkiisa, ka dibna waa jiifsaday, nimankii gaarka ahaa wuxuu ku yiri, “Yaan la ii iman,” hase ahaatee, duhurka dabadiisii ayuu u yeeray laba gabdhood oo walaalihiis ahaa Jamaad iyo Rooxo oo wuxuu u sheegay in xanuun hayo, casarkii markay ahaydna wuxuu u yeeray Abshir Dhoorre. Wuxuu ku yiri, “Galabta culays baa i saaran ee Daraawiishta kala maamul.”
Makhribka gadaalkiisiina labadii gabdhood buu iska diray oo wuxuu yiri, “Abshir Dhoorre ha ii yimaado.” Sida la weriyey Abshir wuxuu u tegey Sayidkoo naftu deysey. Markuu hubsaday inuu meyd yahay intuu maradii ku awday oo aqalkii daaha u rogey ayuu labadii nin oo gaarka ahaa ku yiri, “Aqalka yaan cidi gelin.” Isla markaas wuxuu u yeeray dhawr nin oo qusuusidii Daraawiishta ka mid ah si uu arrinta ugu sheego. Raggaas waxa laga tilmaamay Sheekh Yuusuf Cabdille, walaalkiis iyo Xuseen Faarax “Dhiqle” iyo Aw Cabdille Ibraahin, haddii adoo meel saymo ah jooga arrin culusi jilibka ku soo saarto oo talo kugu barraahsato waxaad cuskataa ragannimo calool adayg iyo labo kelyood. Sideedana Daraawiishi waxay ahaayeen niman calool adag oo yuhuun leh, in yar ka dibna waxay u yeereen dhawr nin oo tabar iyo farsamo aqoon la bidaayey, in warku dibadda uga baxana way ka af-haysteen. Isla markaana waxay ka hawl galeen xabaashii. Qalcaddii la dhisaayey oo markaa qorisaar joogta dhexdeedii ayay qabri ka jeexeen, in kastoo meeshu dhagax ahayd. Markay nin jooggi arooriyeen bay hoos qabrigii ka soo dhiseen, markaasey kafneen oo iilkii jiifiyeen, dabadeedna ku qori saareen, dabadeedna kuud hal mitir le’eg ka dul dhiseen, kolkaasay albaabkii dibadda uga baxeen oo daartii oo dhan malaaseen. In kastoo dadkii dusha sare joogey mooyee aan dadkii hoos degganaa geerida Sayidka ogaan, subaxdii bay dadkii u sheegeen.

Ummaddii Daraawiish ku abtirsan jirtey oo maalintaas meeshaas joogtey wexey noqdeen laba meelood:

1. Wixii reer Shiikh Cabdille ahaa iyo dadkii aan ka hari karin waxaa loo raray Gindhir iyo gurigii reer Daadhi, had iyo jeerna waxa la yiraahdaa Sayidkaa ku dardaarmay, oo wuxuu yiri, “Xaasaska waxaan ku ogahay reer Daadhi,” halkaasoo ilaa dhowaan dad badan oo reer Cabdulla Xasan ahi ku dhaqnaayeen.

2. Intii kale nin Bari iyo Nugaal u kaca iyo nin webiga Shabeelle hoos u qaada oo Talyaani u galay, nin waliba meeshii ay la ahaatay ayuu nafta la aaday.

Sayid Maxamad sidaasuu ku god galay, isagoo aan gumeysiga gacantiisa gelin, dhaqdhaqaaqii Daraawiishtu halkaasuu ku dhammaaday, guubaabadii Sayidkana waxa ugu dambeeyey gabayga la baxay Dardaaran, aan soo qaadanno tuducya ka mid ah gabaygaas wuxu yiri:

Dadow maqal dabuubtaan ku iri, ama dan how yeelan
Ama dhaha darooryiba jiryaye doxorka yeelkiisa
Nin ragey dardaaran u tahay, doqon ha moogaado.
Dow lagama helo gaal haddaad, daawo dhigataane
Waa idin dagayaa kufriga, aad u debcaysaane
Dirhankuu idiin qubahayaad, dib u goysaane.
Marka hore dabkuu idinka dhigi, dumar sidiisiiye
Marka xigana daabaqadda yuu, idin dareensiine
Marka xiga dalkuu idinku oran, duunya dhaafsada e.
Marka xiga dushuu idinka rari, sida dameeraayee
Mar haddaan dushii Adari, iyo Iimey dacal dhaaftay
Maxaad igaga digataan beerruu, siin la soo digaye.

Daraawiish raggii ka noolaa oo aannu la kulannay jahaadkiina ka qayb galay waxay yiraahdeen, “In kastoo Ingiriisku xooggiisii aanu waxba noola harin haddana weligiina nagama guul heleen, waxna nagama tareen, dagaalkuna waa dheeraan lahaa, guyaal badanna waa socon lahaa nimay guuli raacdaba, ee waxaa Daraawiish naafeeyey oo garabka u dhigay waa dayuuradihii iyo dadkii Soomaalida ahaa oo na duleedshey, waxana sii tabaaleeyey furuqii, tacaluustii iyo bugtadii ku dhacday,” sidaanu marar badan soo niri; nacasku ha rumaysto dicaayadda gumeysiga iyo doxorayaasha warkooda, hase ahaatee, waxa hubaal ah in magaca Daraawiishta iyo magaca Sayid Maxamadba jiri doonaan intii reer Soomaaliyi dhaqan yahay oo meel deggan yahay. Waxaa jirey markii dagaallada Daraawiishtu socdeen rag badan oo magac iyo martabad lahaa oo Sayid Maxamad hortaagnaa oo gaalada la jirey, Daraawiishna ka hiiliyey. Daraawiishi waxay noqotay geedkii yiri, “Godinyahay gobolkay baa kugu jira e ima goyseen.”

Raggaas wax magac ah ama taariikh ah oo ay ka tageen ama maanta leeyihiin lama arko. Taasna waxa ugu wacan gaaladii dalka iyo dadkaba boobeysey oo ay gacan siiyeen iyo kuwii gaalada la dagaallamaayey oo ay duleedsheen. Haddaba Ummadda Soomaalidu mar hore iyo mar dambeba waa og tahay ninkii dalkiisa iyo dadkiisa wanaag u galay iyo kii tahluka u geystey, hadalna waxaannu ku soo gabagabayney, “Ninba wuxuu shaqaystaba mar baa loogu shubi weelka!”

KA SAARIDDII XABAASHA

Rag warkooda lagu kalsoon yahay oo aanu la kulanay waxay weriyeen in dhowr sano kaddib Ingiriisku doonay in Sayid Maxamad meydkiisii qabriga laga soo saaro, si lafihiisa iyo maskaxdiisii loo baaro.

Maxamed Xaaji Xuseen “Sheekaxariir” iyo rag kale waxay weriyeen: Iyadoo afar sano Daraawiish jabkeedii laga joogo ayaa Aajar oo ahaa ninkii Daraawiish kiciyey, Hargeysa ka diray safar ujeeddadiisa qarsooni tahay in meydkii Sayid Maxamed la soo saaro, hase ahaatee, Xabashida oo dhulkaa taliskiisa sheeganeysey arrinta laga qarinaayey oo waxa dusha sare laga tusaayey safar ganacsato ah.

Safarkaas oo Hargeysa ka soo ambabaxay Iimeyna ku jeeda ayaa habeen meel Dhagaxbuur u dhow oo la yiraahdo Higlaaley degey. Nin degmada Dhagaxbuur ka tirsan oo magaciisa la oran jirey Muuse Cabdullaahi Shebeele ayaa wuxuu diley nin la oran jiray Xuseen Hoorri Ibraahin Wacaysi, dabadeedna askar Xabashi ah oo Dhagaxbuur fadhiyey ayaa habeenkii guurgashay iyagoo doonaya inay ninkaas wax diley degmadiisii weeraraan. Wuxuu ciidankii ku soo baxay safarkii Aajar oo meel degey, dabadeedna ninkii gaarka ahaa baa col moodey oo xabbad ku ridey. Isla markaas Xabashidiina rasaas bay safarkii oodda kaga qaadday, ujeeddadiina halkaas bay ku baaba’day, taa Ingiriisku Xabashida waa ku gawriyey waana ku jid helay.

Xaaji Isaaq Daadhi oo ka mid ahaa qoyskii Sayidku xaasaska kula dardaarmay, wuxu yiri: “Mar kale ayaa Ingiriisku Xabashida weydiistey in arrintaas loo oggolaado adduunna waa ku bixiyey, ka dibna waxa la diray saraakiil Ingiriis ah, waxayna u tageen Xayla-Selaase, boqorkii Xabashida, waxay weydiisteen in loo darbo daabad, loona qalqaaliyo siday Iimey ku tegi lahaayeen, dabadeedna markii awr iyo buquul iyo askarba loo darbay, labo meelood bay iska dhigeen, mid walba nin Ingiriis ah ayaa watay. Ardisababa bay ka ambabaxeen, webi Shabeelle labadii degood baa qolaba deg qaadday. Sida la weriyey, iyadoo qoladii degla Harar martay habeenkii meel degeen, xoolana ku qasheen ayaa dhurwaa raqdii soo raacay baqalihii ka dideen, ka dibna Amxaar baa intuu sasay xabbad ridey. Kaddibna waxay moodeen in col miray, oo dhammaantood rasaas bay isku fureen, arrintiina halkaasay ku baaqatay, waxaana Ingiriisku u qaatay in Xayla-Salaase shirqoolka u dhigay.”

Xaaji Isaaq Maxamad Daadhi oo ah nin warkiisa lagu kalsoon yahay wuxuu yiri, “Annagoo Gindhir joogna ayaa waxaa noo timi waraaq uu soo diray walaalkay Suldaan Nuux Maxamad Daadhi isagoo noo digaaya oo leh, ‘Qabrigii Sayidka ayaa gaalo ku soo duushey, waxaa la doonayaa in meydkiisii lala baxo; ka gaara oo qabriga ka saara.’ Dabadeedna aniga iyo Xaaji Axmed Cabdille Xasan iyo Shiikh Xasan Shiikh Cabdille ayaa rag iyo awr kaxaysanay oo meydkii Sayid Maxamad qabrigii ka saarray, hilibkiisii ma dhinmin, midabkiisiina ma doorsoomin, mar baanu is niri, waa nool yahay, awrkii aannu ku qaadnayna culayskii waa hayn waayey, waxaynnu ku aasnay meel la yiraahdo Jaljali oo degmada Gindhir ah.” Markaannu weydiinnay oo niri, qabrigii haatan ma garan lahayd? Wuxuu yiri, “In kastoo xabaalo kale lagu daray haatan, aad baan u garan lahaa.”
Si kastaba arrintii ha ahaatee, waxaan lagu kala bayrin, in Sayid Maxamed qabrigii laga saaray oo meel kale lagu aasay, ragga warkaas weriyana goobjoog bey u ahaayeen. Haddaba waxaan oran karnaa, Sayid Maxamad gaalada adduunka iska daayoo aakhirana waa kaga ammaan waayey.

SHEEKADII DARAAWIISH UGU DAMBEYSEY

Daraawiishi waa jabtay, Sayid Maxamad waa dhintay, dariiqadii waa laga kala yaacay, dadkiina wuxuu noqday dibir laxdii laga riday. Horay waxaannu u soo sheegnay in dadkii kala yaacay oo xaasaskii reer Xasan Nuur iyo wixii raaci karay Gindhir iyo gurigii reer Daadhi loo raray; taasoo had iyo jeer la yiraahdo Sayid Maxamad baa ku dardaarmay; haddaba in kastoo dhulka Xabashidu u talin jirtay waxa talada haysta koox walaala ah oo Muxumed Daadhi oo Caruuso boqor u ahaa dhalay. Daraawiish wixii halkaa tegeyna iyagay la degeen oo magan u noqdeen, dab waxay wateen waa laga qaaday, xoola badanna waa laga dhacay. Iyadoo arrintu sidaa tahay ayaa rag hawo kama marnee gabdhihii reer Sayid iyo dumarkii Daraawiishtii le’atay qabi jireen nin waliba wuxuu doonay inuu wax ka helo. Qacdii horeba gabar magaceeda la oran jirey Naada Buraale Cabdi Cumar oo uu Khaliif Shiikh Cabdulle ka dhintay, dabadeedna Sayid Maxamad dumaalay ayaa waxaa guursaday Cali Diniqo oo guriga Cali-Inteli Daadhi ka tirsanaa. Sida la weriyey Nuux Muxumud Daadhi oo Boqor ahaa markaana Xabashidu siisay darejada xaggooda loo yaqaan Qiyaash-Maash ayaa wuxuu doonay Jamaad Sheekh Cabdulle oo Sayid Maxamad walaashiis ahayd.

Kaddibna wuxuu la hadlay Sheekh Yuusuf Sheekh Cabdulle oo Sayid Maxamad walaalkiis ahaa, xaasaskii reer Xasan Nuurna oday u ahaa, wuxuuna weydiistey in gabadhaa la siiyo, Sheekh Yuusufna taa waa oggolaaday. Hase ahaatee, Jamaad guurkaa waa diiddey. Nuux wuxuu ahaa boqor oo diidmadaa ma garaysan. Dabadeedna wuxuu la hadlay Xuseen Maxamuud Faarax oo ku magac dheeraa Xuseen-Dhiqle, ahaana ninkii gabayga Sayid Maxamad marin jirey, guriga reer Sayidna ka tirsanaa tan iyo intuu godka ka galay. Wuxuu ku yiri. “Jamaad Shiikh Cabdulle ayaan doonayaa inaan guursado ee ha lay siiyo.” Xuseen wuxuu ka baqay hadduu yiraahdo ku siinay inuu ku naar muto siday isaga la ahayd, hadduuse yiraahdo ma oggoli, in boqorku taa garaysan waayo ama ka xumaado; haddaba wuxuu ku jawaabay gabayga la baxay Qayb Libaax oo wuxuu yiri:

Qiyaashow libaax baa dhurwaa qaybi yiri soore,
Wuxuu yiri hilbaha jeex dhan qolo qoon dhan baan nahaye
Markaasuu qalbabaalihii qoonsadoo dilaye
Dharbaaxuu il kaga qaaday o hoor ka soo qubaye
Afqashuushle goortuu dhintuu sii qataabshadaye
Qambaruursi iyo oohin buu qoob dunuunucaye
Dawacuu markaas soo qabsaday sida qisaaseede
lyadoo qarqari buu ilkaha qoorqabkii xoqaye
Wuxuu yiri qanjaafulaxumay tali qaddaarkaaga
Adeer gacalle qaar iyo dalool qaaxo iyo feero
Qummud iyo baruur iyo leg iyo qawdhihii kuruska
Kuu wada qorsheeyaye Islaw neefka wada qaado.
Markaasaa wixii qaday qabsaday qoobab kadafley e
Wax la yiri qabiil male dayay qaybiyaha aare
Innagoo quruun dhana maxaa qado inoo diidey
Qacdii hore haddaan deyey kobtii weerku sii qulushey
Bar baa kuu qisma ah waa wuxuu eeday qaaryare e
Aniguna qudhaasaan ahoo lay qulqulateeye
Duqii noo qab weynaa wakaas qooqa loo dilaye
Qaddarkii Ilaah iyo Rabbaan quud ka sugayaaye
Anigaan qudraba hayn miyaan qumaash ka soo waaqsan.
Qudhaydaan u yaabaye miyaan ina qasaarteeyey
Anna qayb libaax weeye taad igu qasbaysaane
Dadka igu qoslaayiyo kobtaan ka qalbi diidaayo
Qadayeey adduunyo uma socon waad i qaxarteene
Qadankii dariiqiyo hadaan qadimadii waayey
Labadii qofee nagaga haray qaafadii dumarka
Tii quruxda roonayd hadday Cali la qooqeyso
Qudhoo keliya baa nagu hadhee qalabku noo yiille
Tanna qaata Ndaba rag bay qaac u shidataaye.

Dalka ammintaa la joogo waa dal Caruuse waxa lagu soo hirto oo talada u hayaana waa reer Muxumed Daadhi oo Caruusa jeerkaa boqorro u ahaa. Arrini waa tan Ilaah iyo siday doonaan; Jamaad awood ay ku diiddo iyo itaal lagula diriro midna ma laha, hase ahaatee in kastoo aaney guurkaa la dhacsanayn oo ka xuntahay boobkii, dhacii loo geystey iyo dumarkii la booliyey oy ka mid ahayd Naado oo aan xeerkii magani lahayd aan la marin, iyadoo arrimahaas calool xumo iyo tiiraanyo ka hayso ayay had iyo jeer Jamaad waxay xusuusnayd maamulkii dariiqada iyo martabadii Daraawiishta. Intaa waxaa u dheeraa iyadoo halyeygii Sayid Maxamed la dhalatay, raggii Ingiriis hoorka ka qubayna la soo hilba dubatey iyo adduun meeshuu maanta ku furay. Haddaba iyadoo la hadlaysa madaxdii Reer Daadhi, waayaha adduun meeshuu ku furayna ka warramaysa, walaalkeed Sheekh Yuusuf dhalliileysa, guurka reer Daadhi iyo waxay ka qabtana tusaaleyneysa waxay marisay gabayga soo socda, gabay qof dumari mariso oo ka murti weyn nama soo marin, waxay tiri:

Xuseenow qof meel laga hayoo maaksan baan ahaye
Murugeygu raagtoo qalbigu way madow yahaye
Mid yaroon ku faro iiga gee madaxda reer Daadhi
Muddaday shiraan iyo ka weri madasha geedkooda
Axmad iyo Mukhtaar iyo u sheeg qoonka Maxamuud leh
Xasan iyo Qayaash-Maash abtow dhab ugu maaweeli
Malow dhimo e reer Muxumedow waad i moog tahay dheh
Maxaad iigu muhateen sidii Naada miis daran dheh
Magaceed ba’ falan baad hesheen oo maraado ah dheh
Malaamalida Khalaf Yuusuf baad igu masleysaan dheh
Najiskaas manjaha dhuuban baad moodi ina Shiikh dheh
Ma wuu aabbahay dhalay dad wayn miro yaqaannaa dheh
Ninkii aniga ii muhanayow ma ihi icaynkaas dheh
Waxaan ahay qof godobtiisa maqan minyadeed qaba dheh
Murdud baan habeen iyo dharaar meel la duub nahay dheh
Macna malaha xaajada sidaad milicsanaysaan dheh
Maroor kuma godlado goodirkaan loo macnayn igare
Malaa baan ku suusuci lahaa lay mag bixiyaa dheh
Xaqaad iga mihiibteen intuu jiro makaankiinna
In kastoo mudaahana warqado laygu madadaasho
Maqli maayo guur reer tarrey Maalig baa jira e
Macbuudkii i uuntaa qaddaray mooggan saan ahaye
Majnuun waalan baan samir aqoon mawd hadduu helo e
Mishmishiiqsigii iyo ka tegey mirif-ka-boodkiiye
Magac iyo martabo loo xishiyo muuno ina Aadmi
Maantaan lahaa lama hadleen magaca reytaade
Muquunoobey caawaba haddaad igu murmeysaane
Magantiinna goortaan noqdee idin miciin moodey
Markab jabay sidiis weydiinkii noo mahoobbiyaye
Maatada dabkii laga dhiciyo maalka noo celiya

Waxay gobi ku maamulan jirtana waa milgo ee yeela.
Muslin idanka kiin iga xigsada meetan laga waaye
Marantaan idiin noqon haddaan helo muraadkay e
Marxabbaan la taag nahay haddaan la iga maarmayne
Dabadeedna hay meheriyeen maqaddimiintiinnu
Haddii kalena waa iga maxruum magac Caruusaadba.

Waxa la yiri: gabaygaas ka dib, arrintii si wanaagsan baa wax looga qabtay, dad iyo duunyaba wexey Daraawiishtu tabanayeenna waa loo celiyey, hase ahaatee, Suldaan Nuux iyo nin kale toona Jamaad ma guursan dabadeedna, Nuux wuxuu guursaday Deggan Mahdi Sayid Maxamad, markuu ka dhintayna waxa dumaalay Xaaji Isaaq Maxamad Daadhi, Sheekh Cabdi Sheekh Cabdillena waxa la siiyey Muslima Daadhi, sidaasaa arrintii wanaag iyo xiditiimo ugu dambeysay.

Hadalkii waxaan ku soo gebagebeynaynaa hadallo aan ka soo qaadnay gabayga la baxay Darbadaley oo uu leeyahay Aw Muuse Ismaaciil. Wuxuu yiri:

Allahayow cisyaankaan daldalay derejo ii dhaafi
Allahayow waxaan horuu dulmiyey ha igu deymeynin
Dabka ololi naartii Allow derekadaa hoose
Allahoyow Ibleys haygu darin duulka lagu biirsho.

Ama:

Allow jirrabbada adduunkaa iyo, Allow naar nooga jeer dhaaf
Allow jid siraad na dhaafsiiyoo, Allow jaarkaaga naga yeel.

FAALLO GUUD

In kastoo falasafaddii Sayid Maxamed iyo ragannimadiisii aan si fudud looga faaloon karin, had iyo jeer waxaa ku hor taal su’aal ah: Sayid Maxamed muxuu ahaa? Taa waxaa kaaga filan hordhac uu qoray Dktr. Shariif Saalax Maxamed oo ku qoran bogagga buugga ugu horreeya iyo faalladaan kooban oo uu qoray Axmed F. Cali “Idaajaa” kuna yiri:

Qarnigii sagaal iyo tobnaad sanooyinkii ugu dambeeyey iyadoo ay mugdi tahay oo geyiga Soomaaliyeed hurdo dheer lagaga jiro, dadkuna ay garan la’ yihiin dulucda shishe ee ay caddaanku xeebaha uga soo degeen ayuu xiddig iftiin badani markii loogu baahi weynaa dhulka ka gees iyo ka gees kaahiisa wada gaarsiiyey. Xiddiggaas oo ahaa Sayid Maxamed Cabdille Xasan wuxuu sabab u noqday dad kumanyaal qof gaaraya oo Soomaali ahi inay markii ugu horreeyey ul iyo diirkeed noqdaan oo intay tol-sheegadkii sanka ka qabsadaan ay dan guud iyo gumeysi nacayb isku dhaarsadaan.

Sayid Maxamed wuxuu ahaa madaxdii dalkeenna ka soo baxday kii ugu horreeyey oo gartay inuu tol-sheegadku yahay sababta uu gumeysigu ugu soo dhiirraday goor barqo ah inuu Berbera ka soo dego, kuna guuleysto isagoon qori lagu tuurin, inuu shiddo yari dalka, dadka iyo diintaba ku weeraro. Runtaas iyada ah ayaa u horseedday inuu abuuro bulsho uu tol-sheegadku ka xaaraan yahay oo Daraawiish lagu magacaabo, markii la rabana Dariiqo lagu naanayso. Dadku wuxuu u ahaa Daraawiish, gaalo iyo gaalo-raac, labadaa qolo ee dambena uma kala soocnayn, wuuna ku hagaagsanaa, nin walboo kalena sidaas bay ula ekaan lahayd.

Wuxuu ahaa xiddiggii suurageliyey in magaca Soomaaliya xarumaha Yurub lagaga haasaawo oo Ingiriis oo adduunka ballaaran ugu xoog weynaa xasil iyo hoyasho sanba geed dheer uga laalay, ummaddiina dawladdoodii ka soo horjeediyey ilaa ay wargeysyadii af buuxa ku yiraahdeen, “Waa inuu Ingiriisku dalka Soomaaliya ka baxaa! Gacanta ha kala baxo dagaalka Wadaadka ee geerida saraakiisha iyo baaba’a hantida mooyaane aan guushu ka soo dhoweyn!”

Maragga uu cadawgaagu kuu furo ayaa looga kalsooni badan yahay midka ay inta kula jirtaa kuu furto, Sayid Maxamedna waxaa marag u furay raggii ay tiirrida ahaayeen ee ay iswarmaynayeen. Geesinnimadii, tab-aqoontii, abaabulkii dadka iyo daljeclidii uu ku tilmaannaa ayaa ka xoog batay beentii ay ka faafiyeen cadawyadii uu dibadda iyo gudahaba ku lahaa; markaas bay marar badan ku qasabtay inay runta carrab baabaan oo ay qoraalladooda ku sheegaan wixii uu dhabtii ahaa, iyagoo weliba maamuusaya!
Soomaali aan tiro yarayn ayaa beentaas la faafiyey ku sirmay oo weli laga dhaadhicin la’ yahay inuu Sayid Maxamed ahaa nin aan magac-doon iyo dan gaar ah u halgamayn ee uu ku hammiyi jirey oo keliya danta guud iyo gobeynta geyiga uu ku abtirsado. Ha yeeshee inta sida dhabta ah u fekertaa way garan karaan sida fudud ee – hadduu rabo – uu Ingiriiska iyo Talyaanigaba uga heli lahaa xariir aan cid kale horay loo huwin. Haddii uu “hawraarsan” ku oran lahaa gumeysigii uu la dagaallamayey wuxuu Ingiriis iyo Talyaaniba ka heli lahaa tixgelin ka weyn tii ay heli jireen Garaad Maxamuud Cali Shire, Boqor Cismaan Keenadiid, Cali Keenadiid, Suldaan Cabdiraxmaan Cali Ciise, Muuse Igarre iyo cuqaashii badnayd ee gumeysiga hor socotey.

Boqorradii iyo suldaannadii Soomaalidu ma ahayn oo keliya dadkii Sayid Maxamed colaadiyey amaba Daraawiish naafeeyey. Waxaa kuwaas uga halis badnaa aftahannadii Cali-Dhuux lahaa, Cali Jaamac Haabiil lahaa, Yuusuf Ibraahim “Yuusuf-Dheere” lahaa oo in badan ku dedaaley inay dhismaha Daraawiisheed kala furfuraan, dadweynaha taageersanna ka yaaciyaan. Markaad u dhabbo gashid maansooyinkii ay raggaasi Sayid Maxamed u tirin jireen ku arki maysid wax dareen ah oo ay taliskii shisheeyaha ka qabeen. Waxaad moodeysaa colaad qabyaaladeed inay shidaysey, isla markaasna ay u qaadan la’aayeen wadaad gabayaa ah oo iyaga oo kale ahi inuu intaas oo xarumood ka taliyo, boqollaal kun oo qofina ay ka talo dhawrto! Taas waxay ku qarin jireen inay goor walba ku celceliyaan dadkii Soomaaliyeed ee gulufyadii Daraawiisheed sababsan jirey ama xoolahooda ku waayi jirey, waxse loo baahnaa inaan dooddoodu taa ku ekaane ay si uun isugu day aan inay heerka fekerka Sayidka soo gaaraan, indhahoodana u furaan halistii uu dalku ku jirey iyo danta fog ee halganka laga lahaa.

In badan ayuu Ingiriisku raadiyey tab uu kaga hortago dicaayaddii ballaarnayd ee Sayid Maxamed iyo guubaabadii badnayd ee uu Soomaalida ku dhex fidin jirey. Taas kuma uu guuleysan, waxsuu helay cid u fulisa. Aftahannadii Soomaaliyeed qaar ka mid ah ayaa iyaga oo aan garanayn, gumeystayaashii kaalmo weyn u geystey, maxaa yeelay maansadoodu waxay ahayd hub Sayidka lagu heeri karey oo aan Ingiriis gacanta ugu jirin, Cali Jaamac iyo Cali-Dhuuxse sahal u ahaa! Sayid Maxamed isagoo aan cabsan oo aan u debcin aftahannadaasi ceebayntii ay u soo diri jireen ayuu gaashaanka u qabtay oo giddigood lugaha isugu duway. Mid mid ula hadal, wadarna wax u wada yiri, kol walbana carrabkiisii seefta ahaa ayuu kaga adkaan jirey. Mar uu aftahannadaas wadar ahaan ula hadlayey oo uu u sheegayey dandarrada ay qaayibeen, dulliga u dambeeyana uu dareenkooda gelinayey wuxuu ku maansooday:

Ha’i tiri horaa rag ugu lumay himiladoodiiye
Hawadooda beentaa ayay hebello eedeene
Waxay hoosta gaal uga jiraan inuu u hiishaaye
Isna inuu halaaguu rabaa hogob ka tuuraaye
Uu u hor kacaa naarta iyo holacyadeediiye
Hunguraa u geeyaye anfaco hooya muu orane
Hantidooda inuu dhoofiyuu haabka ku hayaaye
Oo weliba uu ugu hanjebi dhiifna ku hadlaaye
Ay hoos indhaha uga rogaan sida haweenkiise
Habaar baa ku biiriyo cuqubo waalidoo hore e
Inuu hoysto mooyee wax kale show umay harine!

Waxaa hubaal ah taariikhdu inay Sayid Maxamed u xusuusan doonto aftahannimo iyo waddaninimo, Cali Jaamac iyo raggii la midka ahaana ay ku xusuusan doonto aftahannimo keliya iyo dhaqdhaqaaq waddani ah inay colaadin jireen.

Qofkii raba Sayid Maxamed wuxuu dhabtii ahaa inuu ogaado ha akhriyo meerisyadan aan leexleexadka lahayn ee uu ku leeyahay:

Dagaalkii Nasaarada anaa daalib ku ahaaye
Dalka ma lihid anigaa ku iri dooro weynaha e
Daliilkii Rasuulkii anaa doonayoo helaye
Anaa diidey maantuu lahaa deeqan iga hooye
Diinkayga anigaan ku gadan dabaqi naareede
Anaan labada daarood ta hore derejadaynayne!

Sayid Maxamed in lagu murmaa gar weeye, maxaa yeelay wax weyn buu ku dhaqaaqay, had iyo goorna ninkii wax weyn ku dhaqaaqaa gef buu ku dhacaa. Ninka aan gefini waa midka meel iska fariista oo danta uu leeyahay iyo midda xaaskiisa uun ka welwela, Sayid Maxamedna nin jaadkaas ah ma ahayn, kana han weynaa. Taas markii maskaxda la geliyo oo la isu miisaamo wanaaggii uu Soomaali u qabtay iyo dhibaatadii ay Daraawiishi qaarkeed u geysatay ayaa loo garaabi karaa, lana oran karaa, “Allaylehe wanaaggii uu muujiyey iyo dabkii uu oogey ayaa ina halmaansiin kara gefafkii uu ku dhacay iyo goldalooladii uu taliskiisu lahaa.” Fekerka wacani sidaas buu wax isu barbar dhigaa, mana aha inaynu waqtigeenna qaaliga ah ku luminno wax-dhacsiinta ruuxa canbaaraynta qayaxan u jeeda ama aan xukunkiisu kala hari karin.

Sheekh Jaamac oo lagu tilmaami karo inuu yahay nin ururinta taariikhda Soomaalida, gaar ahaan taariikhda Daraawiisheed xoog iyo maalba u huray, waxa uu buuggan si tifaftiran uga sheekaynayaa taariikhdii Sayidka iyo Daraawiishtii uu bilagwii qarnigaan dalkeenna ka abaabuley. Si fudud oo macaan suugaaneed ku dhafan yahay, qof walibana garan karo ayuu taariikhdaas u soo bandhigayaa, isagoo aan eexanayn, jidbo baarista cilmiga ka fogeysaana aysan sheegista runta ka ilduufin. Waxaan arki jirey isagoo xafiis iyo guri, saacad shaqo iyo saacad nasasho, habeen iyo maalin, dharaar fasax ah iyo dharaar hawleed intuba ayan u kala soocnayn oo mar walba ku taamaya maalintii uu Sayid Maxamed iyo dadweynaha Soomaalida si qumman isu tusi lahaa. Buuggiisan ku hor yaal markaan akhriyeyna waxaan iskula hadlay, “Qoor iyo xero dantii uu ku taami jirey guul buu ka gaarey, taariikhdii Daraawiisheed qofkii dooni jireyna buuggan buu ka aflixi karaa.” Kama uu daalin sheekhu, in uu meelo fogaan badan u socdaalo, si uu ula kulmo oday Sayidka arkay ama ka sheeko qaba, kama daalin inuu raadiyo buug aan maanta si fudud loo heli karin oo taariikhda Daraawiisheed lagu xusay, kamana daalin inuu hantidiisa kooban ku bixiyo, wax walba oo u suuragelin kara ogaanshaha taariikhdaas iyada ah oo aad mooddo inay maanta buuggan ku dhan tahay.

Isagana taariikhda ayaa u abaal gudi, innaguna aan isku dayno inaynu si qumman u garanno falsafaddii Sayid Maxamed iyo dad ninkuu ka ahaa.

Axmed F. Cali “Idaajaa”

DHAMMAAD

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